The Role Of Law Students In Nation Building

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A PAPER PRESENTED BY PROF ABIODUN
AMUDA-KANNIKE, SAN, FCArb, DEAN, FACULTY OF LAW, KWARA STATE
UNIVERSITY, MALETE, VIA ILORIN, KWARA STATE AT THE EBONYI STATE
UNIVERSITY (EBSU) LAWSAN DINNER/AWARD NIGHT, HELD AT THE FACULTY OF
LAW, EBONYI STATE UNIVERSITY, ABAKALIKI, EBONYI STATE ON FRIDAY,
THE 5TH DAY OF MARCH, 2021.

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Presenter: Prof. A. Amuda-Kannike, SAN,
FCArb

Email Address: amudakannikeabiodun@gmail.com[1]
Keywords;

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  • Role
  • Law Students
  • Nation Building

INTRODUCTION

The Law students as a special group of persons within a society,
country or the academic community participates in nation
building[1] but what this paper is to examine is
a critical review of the role of law students in nation building
which could be positive or negative.

It is therefore important in our quest to deal with the above
topic, that there is the need to define in a nutshell, the
following terms in order to appreciate the presentation;[2]

  1. Role
  2. Law Students

iii.    Nation building

Role

Cambridge Dictionary[3] define role as the
position or purpose that someone or something has in a situation,
organization, society or relationship. For example, “what is his
role in this project? School play an important role in society, or
put in another way,” six people have been put on trial for their
role (involvement) in the anti-government demonstrations.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English; define role as the
way in which someone or something is involved in an activity or
situation, and how much influence they have on it. For example the
role; (i) of women in a society (ii) of diet in the prevention of
disease[4] etc.

Oxford Dictionary of English; define role as the function or
position that somebody has or is expected to have in an
organization in the society or in a relationship. Furthermore, it
could be said to be the function assumed or part played by a person
or thing in a particular situation[5].

Law Students

A law student has been described as a person who is studying, to
be a lawyer at a university or other places of higher
education.[6] To me, a Law student includes
Lawyers, Judges, or persons undergoing a post graduate study in
Law.

Nation Building

Nation Building is a process whereby a society of people with
diverse origins, histories, languages, cultures and religions comes
together within the boundaries of a sovereign state with a unified
constitutional and legal dispensation, natural public education
system, an integrated national economy, shared symbols.[7]

NATION BUILDING SPECIFICALLY
UNDERSTOOD

According to Prof. Ibrahim A. Gambari, who is now the current
Chief of Staff to the President, nations do not come by historical
accident on its own. This he said in “The challenges of Nations
Building: The case of Nigeria”[8]  He looks at
Nation Building as the outcome of conscious statecraft and not as
if it is to be likened to happenstance. It is often classed as
“work-in-progress scenario”, a dynamic course which is always in
constant demand for the purpose of re-invention and nurturing.
Prof. Gambari emphasis this situation thus;

Nation-building has many aspects. Firstly, it is about
building a political entity which corresponds to a given territory
based on some generally accepted rules, norms and principles and a
common citizenship. Secondly, it is also about building
institutions which symbolize the political entity – institutions
such as a bureaucracy, an economy, the judiciary, universities, a
civil service, and civil
society organizations.
Above all else, however, nation building is about building a common
sense of purpose, a sense of shared destiny, a collective
imagination of belonging. Nation-building is therefore about
building the tangible and intangible threads that hold a political
entity together and gives it a sense of purpose. Even in these days
of globalization and rapid international flow of people and ideas,
having a viable nation remains synonymous with achieving modernity.
It is about building the institutions and values which sustain the
collective community in these modern times.

From what the Professor of International repute have said above,
he emphasized the issue of nation building[9] as
“… nation building is about building a common sense of purpose, a
sense of shared destiny, a collective imagination of belonging”. It
is not in doubt that the main idea behind nation building is about
the people majorly[10].

Having known the various terms and what nation building is all
about, this work will be properly appreciated if we consider the
statement of the problem associated with the above topic in the
form of a research.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM[11]

The Ideal Situation; is that to a
large extent the law students should play important role in nation
building in such a way that they will have heavy influence on the
development of the national unity, cultures, religious tolerance,
sovereign state with unified constitutional and legal dispensation
of justice, natural public and private educational system and an
integrated national economy among others.

The Current Situation; is that our
law students with all due respect, just like the majority of the
different group of citizens have not done much to influence nation
building such that there are not much or no influence on the
development of national unity, cultures, religious tolerance,
sovereign state with unified constitutional and legal dispensation
of justice, natural public and private educational system and an
integrated national economy among others.

The measures put in place over time to solve
the problem;
includes, education, access to education,
creation of awareness, unionisms, books, journals, writings,
student sponsorships, participation in development of the Law,
National Youth Service Schemes (NYSC), entrepreneurship development
among others.[12]

The Persistent Problem; with regards
to the role of law students in nation building are; lack of unity
among the law students, religious intolerance, abandonment of ideas
after political appointments, corruption, unfortunate judiciary
under the whimps and caprices of the government, government divide
and rule tactics, amendment of laws, enactment of laws at the
expenses of the students especially the law students, lack of
proper and adequate security, lack of national peace, misplaced
entrepreneurial development among others.[13]

Effects of the Problem; with respect
to the role of law students in nation building are; that there
exist continuous low level of participation of laws students in
nation building, there are low level of economic development, lack
of good leadership both in the private and public sector of
governance, lack of employment, loss of employment, destruction of
the basis of rule of law, collapse of the economy, intolerance
among others.

The reason for this work; is to
expose the law students to asses their role in nation building
especially by finding out how they have performed in this regard
and what should be done in order to perform such role adequately if
the result of our findings is “negative”.[14]

The gap in the Knowledge; of the
role of law students in nation building can be seen in the fact
that, there are drought of written articles, materials and books in
this area of knowledge. There exist some few works on role of
students but the law students are first in the categories of
students and therefore deserve special attention and special role.
While the law students belongs to the category of “Learned
students” other students (whatever his or her discipline) with all
due respect are “educated students”. This is because, a law student
is “Jack of all trade, master of all”. His or Her knowledge must
involve every aspect of life.

In conclusion on the statement of the
problem;
we hereby state that, it is as a result of the
problems highlighted above and the need to proffer adequate
solutions to them, that we decided to put up this work, as this
will give a perfect road map as to how the law students will serve
as the lubricant for nation building.[15]

THE ROLE OF LAW STUDENTS IN NATION
BUILDING

The Legal Profession is a Specialize Profession in the World
because it has to do with provision of various services and welfare
to the citizens and the nation at large. Because the Legal
Profession has to do with justice, therefore both the members of
the Legal Profession and Law Students must play important roles in
nation building, by way of preservation of peace, justice and the
development of the society generally.[16]
Whether or not this role has been, is being or likely to be
achieved or not will be unraveled in our work herein.

POSITIVE ROLES

  1. NECESSARY CATALYST FOR NATION
    BUILDING

There exist no doubt that Lawyers and at the same time Law
Students play important role in building a nation, it is true that
no one nation all over the World whether as at today or in the time
past has survived or can survive without the Laws being put in
place. This Laws dealt with a lot of issues such as education,
safety, government, policies, economy generally, and different
aspect of life. The Law students in conjunction with the Lawyers
who themselves were law students or are still Law Lecturers who
themselves were students or still students at the post graduate
level assist in contributing to the development of the law and
thereby playing a vital role in the development of a nation and
nation building. If you take away the Law students from a nation or
stop them from participating in building a nation, that nation is
bound to fail. Whether or not this role has been, is being or
likely to have been performed very well will be seen later in this
work.[17]

  1. VACARIOUS CARRIERS OF RULE OF
    LAW

From our discussion above, we have seen the role of Law students
as necessary catalyst for nation building. The Law students just
like the lawyers are the custodians and carriers of Rule of Law,
they can always sue to court for abuse of powers, they are more
often the watch dogs in decision making process.

The rule of Law is seen as a liberty centered constitutional
concept which stipulates that everything must be done in accordance
with the Law. It also encapsulate such ideals as government
according to the law, equality before the law and the independence
and autonomy of the judiciary among others.[18]

Also in the locus-classicus case of GOV OF
LAGOS STATE VS OJUKWU.
[19]

The Supreme Court held as follows;

The Law is no respecter of persons, principalities, government,
or powers and courts stand between the citizens and the government
to see that the state or government is bound by Law and respect the
Law.

The Supreme Court further in the above case[20] stated more clearly what it meant by rule of
law thus;

  1. That the state is subject to Law.
  2. That the judiciary is a necessary agency of the rule of
    Law.
  3. That government should respect the right of individual citizen
    under the rule of rule.
  4. That the judiciary is assigned both by the rule of law and by
    our constitution the role of the determination of all the actions
    and proceedings relating to matters in dispute between persons or
    between Government or authority and any person in Nigeria.

There has been so many cases on the issue of rule of law which
includes but not limited to the case of AG.
LAGOS STATE VS AG FED & ORS.
[21]

  1. POTENTIAL LAWYERS

The Law students are potential lawyers, as they are the crop of
distinguished lawyers who have contributed to the development of
several countries especially Nigeria.

Lawyers such as Chief Rotimi Williams (SAN), Late Chief Gani
Fawehinmi, SAN of blessed memory, Chief Femi Falana, SAN, Olisa
Agbakoba, SAN, Late, and many more Lawyers too numerous to mention
who have contributed to nation building including my humble self
were students before we became lawyers. In our own little ways, we
have contributed to the development of the nation.[22]

There were many things wrong with our system which this Lawyers
actually changed for the better even though they paid dearly to
change the excesses in the society. In other words without being a
potential Lawyer as law student, you can’t be a Lawyer not to talk
of building the nation as a Lawyer.

  1. POTENTIAL JUDGES

The Judges in Nigeria with respect to some of their decisions
have contributed to nation being.[23] But the
question is; before becoming a judge, who was Judge? Who was the
magistrate, Khadi Customary Judge? My Lords at the various high
courts[24] Federal High Court,[25] National Industrial Court,[26] Sharia Court of Appeal,[27]
Customary Court of Appeal,[28] Court of
Appeal,[29] and the Supreme Court?[30]

A lot of Law Students would be Judges of the various courts we
have mentioned. A lot of former Law Students are now Judges of the
various courts we have mentioned above. A lot of them will and have
delivered landmark decisions which have contributed to nation
building and a lot of the law students will contribute to the
development of the nation or put in another way, a lot will
contribute to nation building. However, we shall eventually see
whether or not this contributions are enough or not for nation
building.

  1. LAW MAKERS

There have been Law Students who contested elections and became
either members of the State Assemblies or National Assembly. They
have contributed to Law making which has become part of nation
building. Because they understood the position of the Law, the
bills they presented or contributed to their debates before the
various Legislative houses are always sound and with the mind set
of nation building. They usually detects loopholes in Legislation
which may not be seen by non Lawyers or a non-Law students.[31]

  1. POTENTIAL EXECUTIVE IN GOVERNMENT AND AREAS
    OF THE ECONOMY

We have seen lots of Law students now in government or areas of
the economy. They concluded their studies, contested election and
won several elective positions. We have some Law Students who even
as students are special Advisers to Governors and other Chief
Executives in different areas of the economy.

  1. PRESSURE GROUP/UNIONISTS

The Law Students themselves are leaders in their own right and
they form pressure group against excesses of government and other
leaders in the society. The Law students have contributed to nation
building when they find themselves putting pressure on how to
stop;[32]

  1. Corruption
  2. Waste of scarce resources

iii.    Destruction of educational growth

  1. Destruction of public institutions and facilities.
  2. Destruction of university facilities
  3. Destruction of ethical standard in all sphere of life,
    etc.
  4. RELIGIOUS LEADERS

The Law students belong to many religious organizations, they
have used it to assist nation building. There exist various
religious groups of Islam and Christianity. There are various
students groups of Islam and Christianity and subsequently we now
have the emergence of law students groups of Islam and
Christianity.

They have on their own contributed to discourse on national
unity and cohesion including nation building. There have been
inter-religious activities geared towards nation building.[33]

We shall also find out whether the above role have been properly
carried out to the satisfaction of right thinking members of the
society.

NEGATIVE ROLES OR INACTIVITIES

  1. INACTIVITY AS A CATALYST FOR NATION
    BUILDING?

The Law students with all due respect as at today, have become
inactive with respect to nation building. The Law students are no
longer united as they used to be in their quest to nation building.
They do not care any longer about the issues such as education,
safety, government policies, economy generally, and different
aspect of life. In fact the voices of the Law students who were
expected to lead in student unionism as it was before have been
subjugated under the main student union big umbrella in the school
who themselves are docile now.[34]

The main Law Student Association of Nigeria (LAWSAN) have become
docile and just waiting for election and what they must gain
personally. Their voices are hardly heard on serious national
issues,

  1. NON VACARIOUS CARRIER OF RULE OF
    LAW?

We have discussed what rule of law means earlier in this work.
The question is; Can the Law students be said to be involved in any
public-interest litigation of recent? How many cases were filed in
court challenging any breach of rule of law recently? How many
voices of Law students have we heard of recent of the need to stop
draconian laws in democracy period? How many students, inclusive of
law students have been fought for either in court, or through
massive awareness? Certainly the situation in this regard has
become too unfortunate that the law students may not be encouraged
to fight for anyone’s right as you may suffer without assistance
from the law students.[35]

  1. POTENTIAL LAWYERS OF WHAT
    STANDARD?

There is the adage saying “As you lay your bed, so you will lie
on it”. The question is; Does the Legal Profession not expect the
highest level of standard ethical value from both the law students
and by extension the Lawyers? Certainly, the answer is “Yes”.

In order to participate in nation building properly a Law
student must set standards. He must be first in performing in all
spheres of life and be worthy of emulation by not only his fellow
students of other faculties but by the members of the larger
society. He must command respect and not “force respect” to be
given to him.

In discussing the issue of “Ethics as the fulcrum of the legal
profession”; crux of a successful lawyer and a just society, I
stated that;

“The Lawyer is expected to uphold and observe the rule of Law,
promote and foster the cause of justice, maintain a high standard
of professional conduct and shall not engage in any conduct which
is unbecoming of a legal-practitioner”[36]

  1. POTENTIAL JUDGES OF WHAT
    STANDARD?

It is unfortunate that just as we have very refined Lawyers
today, there are those who are allowing the standards to fall. The
same way we also have so many fantastic judges, we equally have
with all due respect, judges who tend to derail in course of
performing their sacred duties.

Most of our law students today are students but majority of them
will be judges and would have forgotten that today, they are
hearing us delivering this paper. There are judges when they
deliver their judgment, you can see industries and would always
want to read it over and over again. There are judges, when they
deliver judgment, with all due respect;[37]

  1. you will regret being a member of the legal-profession.
  2. you will begin to ask question on which criteria was used to
    appoint him or her as a judge.

iii.    you will see technical justice even when
on several occasion the supreme court has said that the law has
moved away from placing emphasis on “technicalities” but on
“substantial justice”.

  1. how will you have imagined a judge of the Federal High Court
    dismissing a case of oil spillage on ground that claiming for
    “general damages” and special damages is not the same as “claiming
    for compensation”? The Blacks Law Dictionary stated that the words
    are the same.
  2. How will you have been involved in a case and a judge descend
    into the arena of case by abusing the Lawyer and disgracing him for
    no just cause?

No wonder, in the case of MUSA VS PINNACLE
COMMERCIAL BANK & ANR (2019) LPELR 48016[38]
the court while looking at the duty
of a judge stated thus;

“It must be remembered that counsel who appear before the court
to represent parties in cases/matters are as much as the judges,
officers of the courts who deserve to be treated with respect in
the conduct of proceedings. Even in situation where the conduct of
a counsel calls for criticism or admonition by the court,
appropriate language to be employed by the court should be
courteous, decent, but firm such that the message would be direct
and clear, but not scurribus, abusive and disparaging of the
personal integrity and character of counsel. Judges as
representatives of the creator on Earth in the Temple of Justice
are expected to be above the ordinary and be extra-ordinary in
patience, dignity, decency and humanity in words and actions in the
court rooms where they are “Lords” and outside the court…”

  1. LAW MAKERS OF WHAT STANDARD?

The Law students who find themselves in position of authority,
what have they done as law makers in terms of legislation? While
most law students are outside the Political arena, they seem to
criticize very well, once they are there, because, money might have
started coming in whether genuinely or otherwise, they tend to
forget those statements they had made earlier.[39]

  1. EXECUTIVE POSITIONS IN GOVERNMENT OR AREAS
    OF ECONOMY FOR WHO?

There have really been some law students who are Special
Advisers to some Governors or even Executive officer in some
companies servicing the nation economy, but the question is; what
have been their contribution to the nation economy? Certainly,
there have been no meaningful contributions in the regard.[40]

Worst still even some of the Law students who eventually became
lawyers and eventually became Governors or Deputy Governors or
Minister don’t even talk again to majority of the law students or
lawyers in order not to be allowed to give advice on how to
contribute to nation building.

  1. PRESSURE GROUP/UNIONISTS AT WHICH
    LEVEL?

In this area, the level of contributions of the law students as
at today has been very low and nothing to reckon with. There has
been seminars, symposiums, dinners and talk show all aimed at
contributing to nation building but members of the public cannot be
said to enjoy much awareness in this area. This activities have
been too scanty across the nation with low publicity even at that.
Even the Law students allowed themselves to be in disunity during
election and aftermath effect of the election. Some Executive
members have been labeled “Corruption chairman” and how can such
body or group of Law Students, then fight corruption, fight for
provision of social and infrastructural amenities?

As at today, there exist no electricity supply and even when
managed to be provided, it is inconsistent with reality, epileptic,
inadequate and disruptive. Most companies and private residences,
provides their own electricity through the use of generators and
solar energies causing increase in prices of goods and
services.[41]

  1. RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE

While majority of the Law students are divided along the line of
Islam and Christianity, thereby lowering the impact/role of Law
students in nation building, the third group goes for cultism, and
even in this area of cultism, they are further divided into between
6 to 10 different groups who are involved in show of superiority by
attacking and killing each other.

How can you even find the Law students who are assumed to know
better educationally, religiously, morally and socially being
involved in cult-related activities and religious intolerance? This
is certainly one of the worst situation the Law students find
themselves which had led to falling standard in the educational
career of the Law students as they require high level of
concentration to read and prepare for examinations.[42]

SUMMARY

We introduced the subject matter of this work which is “the role
of the Law students in nation building”. This introduction also
featured the key definition of the following terms;

  1. Role
  2. Law Students

iii.    Nation Building

furthermore, since the work dealt with the Law students and
nation building, we made references to internet materials, case
laws and statutes/provisions of the Nigerian Constitution.

In order to justify our work with regards to the topic, we used
“statement of the problem” to critically examine the topic in order
to do justice to it by arriving at a verdict.

What we did first was to look at the positive role of the Law
Students to nation building. We critically assessed the positive
role of the law students by examining their negative role and we
accordingly could see that, the role of the law students as at
today to nation building is very low with all due respect and there
is the need to improve seriously on this role in order not to be
relegated to the background among those striving harder for a near
perfect nation building which one can be proud of.

RECOMMENDATIONS

From the work which we have presented, it is herein recommended
as follows;

  1. There should be articles to be published in reputable journals
    including student journals on the discussed topic.
  2. There should be more talk-show/paper presentation in Law
    Dinners organized for Law students and many more should be
    organized.
  3. The government should specially create special Entrepreneurship
    projects for Law students and they must actually be encouraged to
    provide the necessary support towards the encouragement of
    Entrepreneurship which is very important for the Law students role
    in nation building to succeed.
  4. There is the need for unity between the various law students
    and the national body on one hand and the law students
    themselves.
  5. There must be religious tolerance, among the students.

CONCLUSION

From our discussion, it can be seen with all due respect, that
the Law students have been participating in nation building but the
role of the law students in nation building has reduced to the
lowest ebb.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. BOOKS/JOURNALS/NEWSPAPERS
  2. Mrs. Farida Wasiri; The role of the Bar in the fight against
    corruption; A template from my experiences; published in N.B.A Bar
    perspective, August, 2011 pages 68 – 69.
  3. Amuda-Kannike A., SAN; A paper presented at the Nigeria
    Association of Muslim Law Students National Seminar at Faculty of
    Law, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Kwara State.
  4. Amuda-Kannike, A., SAN; The Effect of Leadership and
    Entrepreneurship on Law, Security and National Unity; A paper
    presented at the 3rd Leadership submit/induction award at Uniport,
    River State on 5/10/2019
  5. Amuda-Kannike A. SAN; The Effect of Rule of Law, Security and
    National Peace on Entrepreneurship development and Economic
    Transformation in Nigeria; A paper presented at Covenant
    University, Ota, Ogun State on 30/11/2019
  6. Amuda-Kannike A. SAN; How Relevant is Entrepreneurship to Law,
    Good Governance, Democracy, Reduction in Social Vices, Illegality
    and Insecurity; A paper presented at Covenant University on
    3/8/2019
  7. CASE LAWS
  8. GOV OF LAGOS STATE VS OJUKWU (1986)1 NWLR (Part 18) pg621
  9. AG. LAGOS STATE VS AG FED & ORS (2013) LPELR 20974(SC)
  10. 3. MUSA VS PINNACLE COMMERCIAL BANK & ANR (2019) LPELR
    48016
  11. STATUTES
  12. Section 276 of the 1999 Constitution as amended. Section 255 of
    the Constitution for FCT Judges.
  13. Section 250 of the 1999 Constitution as amended.
  14. Section 254(B) of the 1999 Constitution as amended.
  15. Section 261 of the 1999 Constitution as amended and 260 of the
    constitution for FCT.
  16. Section 281 of the Constitution and Section 266 of the
    Constitution
  17. Section 238 of the 1999 Constitution.
  18. Section 231 of the 1999 Constitution.
  19. INTERNET MATERIALS
  20. Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus; see:
    dictionary.cambridge.org; Accessed through the internet on
    Wednesday the 24th of February, 2021 at 1am
  21. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English; role meaning; see:
    www.idoceonline.com.dictionary[2]; Accessed through the
    internet on Wednesday the 24th of February, 2021 at 1:30am
  22. Oxford Dictionary of English; see:
    dictionary.cambridge.org>role; Accessed through the internet on
    25/2/2021 at 11:16am
  23. Collins Dictionary; see:
    www.collinsdictionary.com>dictionary; Accessed through the
    internet on 25/2/2021 at 12:05pm
  24. National Building; see:
    www.dec.gov.org.29>content>5-what…; Accessed through the
    internet on 25/2/2021 at 1pm
  25. Gambari Ibrahim A.; “The Challenges of Nations Building; The
    case of Nigeria” 9th February, 2007; Mustapha Akanbi Foundation 9th
    May, 2014: http://www.mafng.org/anniversary/challengenationbuildingnigeria.htm[3]; Accessed through the
    internet on 25/2/2021 at 1:30pm
  26. A problem or statement of a problem is a concise description of
    an issue to be addressed or a condition to be improved upon. It
    identifies the gap between the current state and desired state of a
    process or product, focusing on the facts, the problem statement
    should be designed to address. See; problem statement; https://en.m.wikipedia.org[4]; Accessed through the
    internet on 25/2/2021 at 11:48pm
  27. The role of the Law Student; see: heinonline.org; Accessed
    through the internet on 26/2/2021 at 2:03am
  28. Rule of Law; See: www.ajol.info[5]; Accessed through the
    internet on 26/2/2021 at 11am
  29. The Nigerian Judiciary; see: lawpad.com; how to be a Judge
    Accessed through the internet on 26/2/2021 at 4:20pm
  30. National Parliament; See: www.loc.gov[6]; Accessed through the
    internet on 26/2/2021 at 5:29pm

[1] Since Law Students are group of persons within
the society, they must be a participant in nation building either
positively or negatively.

[2] The keywords definition will enable the reader
to appreciate the topic presented herein

[3] Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary &
Thesaurus; see: dictionary.cambridge.org; Accessed through the
internet on Wednesday the 24th of February, 2021 at 1am

[4] Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English; role
meaning; see: www.idoceonline.com.dictionary[7]; Accessed through the
internet on Wednesday the 24th of February, 2021 at 1:30am

[5]Oxford Dictionary of English; see:
dictionary.cambridge.org>role; Accessed through the internet on
25/2/2021 at 11:16am

[6] Collins Dictionary; see:
www.collinsdictionary.com>dictionary; Accessed through the
internet on 25/2/2021 at 12:05pm

[7] National Building; see:
www.dec.gov.org.29>content>5-what…; Accessed through the
internet on 25/2/2021 at 1pm

[8] Gambari Ibrahim A.; “The Challenges of Nations
Building; The case of Nigeria” 9th February, 2007; Mustapha Akanbi
Foundation 9th May, 2014: http://www.mafng.org/anniversary/challengenationbuildingnigeria.htm[8]; Accessed through the
internet on 25/2/2021 at 1:30pm

[9] He was more concerned about what should be an
ideal relationship of human beings, and utilization of their
resources for a just society.

[10] The essence of building a nation is
centered around the people who are the major beneficiaries.

[11] A problem or statement of a problem
is a concise description of an issue to be addressed or a condition
to be improved upon. It identifies the gap between the current
state and desired state of a process or product, focusing on the
facts, the problem statement should be designed to address. See;
problem statement; https://en.m.wikipedia.org[9]; Accessed through the
internet on 25/2/2021 at 11:48pm

[12] The analysis in this area of work
will give a link to the role of law students in nation
building.

[13] There are problems, the more you try
to get them solved, the more they reared out their heads.

[14] Except we critically examine the
student matter of this work, a fair assessment of the role of law
students in nation building may not be achievable and with the
situation of the economic and security challenges all over the
World especially in Nigeria, the law students must not be seen
being passive in their attitude towards nation building.

[15] There is the need for concluding this
aspect of the statement of the problem in order to give the topic a
“researchable identity”.

[16] The role of the Law Student; see:
heinonline.org; Accessed through the internet on 26/2/2021 at
2:03am

[17] This work involves critical
examination which will must look at.

[18] Rule of Law; See: www.ajol.info[10]; Accessed through the
internet on 26/2/2021 at 11am

[19] (1986)1 NWLR (Part 18) pg621

[20] 20 Supra

[21] (2013) LPELR 20974(SC)

[22] A lot of lawyers in the process of
Nation building got arrested, maimed, killed, assaulted and
incapacitated.

[23] The Nigerian Judiciary; see:
lawpad.com; how to be a Judge Accessed through the internet on
26/2/2021 at 4:20pm

[24] Section 276 of the 1999 Constitution
as amended. Section 255 of the Constitution for FCT Judges.

[25] Section 250 of the 1999 Constitution
as amended.

[26] Section 254(B) of the 1999
Constitution as amended.

[27] Section 261 of the 1999 Constitution
as amended and 260 of the constitution for FCT.

[28] Section 281 of the Constitution and
Section 266 of the Constitution

[29] Section 238 of the 1999
Constitution.

[30] Section 231 of the 1999
Constitution.

[31] National Parliament; See: www.loc.gov[11]; Accessed through the
internet on 26/2/2021 at 5:29pm

[32] This is one of the serious aspect of
the role of law students to nation building but the ability to
properly carry out same should be properly scrutinized.

[33] Because this has to do with Law
students, we expect much understanding of a united efforts in
nation building.

[34] Mrs. Farida Wasiri; The role of the
Bar in the fight against corruption; A template from my
experiences; published in N.B.A Bar perspective, August, 2011 pages
68 – 69.

[35] In the commencement part of the
Fundamental Rights (Enforcement Procedure) Rules, 2009 made
pursuant to chapter iv of the constitution, it states that the
court shall encourage and welcome public interest litigations in
human rights field and no human rights case may be dismissed or
struck out for want of locus standi.

[36] Amuda-Kannike A., SAN; A paper
presented at the Nigeria Association of Muslim Law Students
National Seminar at Faculty of Law, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin,
Kwara State.

[37] Majority of our Judges with all due
respect are two technical in their approach to doing justice with
all due respect. This has contributed more to tension and upheaval
in the society rather than nation buildings.

[38] (2019) LPELR – 48016: This case is
apt and direct to the point. Most Lawyers applauded the decision
because they felt they have been embarrassed and intimidated by
their own former colleagues who are now on the bench. This decision
however did not say we should disrespect judges because respect is
reciprocal.

[39] Most Lawyers or law students who have
become law makers do not often see themselves again as “Lawyers”
but as politicians. This ultimately affect nation building.

[40] Amuda-Kannike, A., SAN; The Effect of
Leadership and Entrepreneurship on Law, Security and National 
Unity; A paper presented at the 3rd Leadership submit/induction
award at Uniport, Rivers State on 5/10/2019

[41] Amuda-Kannike A. SAN; The Effect of
Rule of Law, Security and National Peace on Entrepreneurship
development and Economic Transformation in Nigeria; A paper
presented at Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State on 30/11/2019

[42] Amuda-Kannike A. SAN; How Relevant is
Entrepreneurship to Law, Good Governance, Democracy, Reduction in
Social Vices, Illegality and Insecurity; A paper presented at
Covenant University on 3/8/2019

A PAPER PRESENTED BY PROF ABIODUN
AMUDA-KANNIKE, SAN, FCArb, DEAN, FACULTY OF LAW, KWARA STATE
UNIVERSITY, MALETE, VIA ILORIN, KWARA STATE AT THE EBONYI STATE
UNIVERSITY (EBSU) LAWSAN DINNER/AWARD NIGHT, HELD AT THE FACULTY OF
LAW, EBONYI STATE UNIVERSITY, ABAKALIKI, EBONYI STATE ON FRIDAY,
THE 5TH DAY OF MARCH, 2021.

image

Presenter: Prof. A. Amuda-Kannike, SAN,
FCArb

Email Address: amudakannikeabiodun@gmail.com[1]
Keywords;

image

  • Role
  • Law Students
  • Nation Building

INTRODUCTION

The Law students as a special group of persons within a society,
country or the academic community participates in nation
building[1] but what this paper is to
examine is a critical review of the role of law students in nation
building which could be positive or negative.

It is therefore important in our quest to deal with the above
topic, that there is the need to define in a nutshell, the
following terms in order to appreciate the presentation;[2]

  1. Role
  2. Law Students

iii.    Nation building

Role

Cambridge Dictionary[3] define role as the
position or purpose that someone or something has in a situation,
organization, society or relationship. For example, “what is his
role in this project? School play an important role in society, or
put in another way,” six people have been put on trial for their
role (involvement) in the anti-government demonstrations.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English; define role as the
way in which someone or something is involved in an activity or
situation, and how much influence they have on it. For example the
role; (i) of women in a society (ii) of diet in the prevention of
disease[4] etc.

Oxford Dictionary of English; define role as the function or
position that somebody has or is expected to have in an
organization in the society or in a relationship. Furthermore, it
could be said to be the function assumed or part played by a person
or thing in a particular situation[5].

Law Students

A law student has been described as a person who is studying, to
be a lawyer at a university or other places of higher
education.[6] To me, a Law student includes
Lawyers, Judges, or persons undergoing a post graduate study in
Law.

Nation Building

Nation Building is a process whereby a society of people with
diverse origins, histories, languages, cultures and religions comes
together within the boundaries of a sovereign state with a unified
constitutional and legal dispensation, natural public education
system, an integrated national economy, shared symbols.[7]

NATION BUILDING SPECIFICALLY
UNDERSTOOD

According to Prof. Ibrahim A. Gambari, who is now the current
Chief of Staff to the President, nations do not come by historical
accident on its own. This he said in “The challenges of Nations
Building: The case of Nigeria”[8]  He looks at
Nation Building as the outcome of conscious statecraft and not as
if it is to be likened to happenstance. It is often classed as
“work-in-progress scenario”, a dynamic course which is always in
constant demand for the purpose of re-invention and nurturing.
Prof. Gambari emphasis this situation thus;

Nation-building has many aspects. Firstly, it is about
building a political entity which corresponds to a given territory
based on some generally accepted rules, norms and principles and a
common citizenship. Secondly, it is also about building
institutions which symbolize the political entity – institutions
such as a bureaucracy, an economy, the judiciary, universities, a
civil service, and civil
society organizations.
Above all else, however, nation building is about building a common
sense of purpose, a sense of shared destiny, a collective
imagination of belonging. Nation-building is therefore about
building the tangible and intangible threads that hold a political
entity together and gives it a sense of purpose. Even in these days
of globalization and rapid international flow of people and ideas,
having a viable nation remains synonymous with achieving modernity.
It is about building the institutions and values which sustain the
collective community in these modern times.

From what the Professor of International repute have said above,
he emphasized the issue of nation building[9] as
“… nation building is about building a common sense of purpose, a
sense of shared destiny, a collective imagination of belonging”. It
is not in doubt that the main idea behind nation building is about
the people majorly[10].

Having known the various terms and what nation building is all
about, this work will be properly appreciated if we consider the
statement of the problem associated with the above topic in the
form of a research.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM[11]

The Ideal Situation; is that to a
large extent the law students should play important role in nation
building in such a way that they will have heavy influence on the
development of the national unity, cultures, religious tolerance,
sovereign state with unified constitutional and legal dispensation
of justice, natural public and private educational system and an
integrated national economy among others.

The Current Situation; is that our
law students with all due respect, just like the majority of the
different group of citizens have not done much to influence nation
building such that there are not much or no influence on the
development of national unity, cultures, religious tolerance,
sovereign state with unified constitutional and legal dispensation
of justice, natural public and private educational system and an
integrated national economy among others.

The measures put in place over time to solve
the problem;
includes, education, access to education,
creation of awareness, unionisms, books, journals, writings,
student sponsorships, participation in development of the Law,
National Youth Service Schemes (NYSC), entrepreneurship development
among others.[12]

The Persistent Problem; with regards
to the role of law students in nation building are; lack of unity
among the law students, religious intolerance, abandonment of ideas
after political appointments, corruption, unfortunate judiciary
under the whimps and caprices of the government, government divide
and rule tactics, amendment of laws, enactment of laws at the
expenses of the students especially the law students, lack of
proper and adequate security, lack of national peace, misplaced
entrepreneurial development among others.[13]

Effects of the Problem; with respect
to the role of law students in nation building are; that there
exist continuous low level of participation of laws students in
nation building, there are low level of economic development, lack
of good leadership both in the private and public sector of
governance, lack of employment, loss of employment, destruction of
the basis of rule of law, collapse of the economy, intolerance
among others.

The reason for this work; is to
expose the law students to asses their role in nation building
especially by finding out how they have performed in this regard
and what should be done in order to perform such role adequately if
the result of our findings is “negative”.[14]

The gap in the Knowledge; of the
role of law students in nation building can be seen in the fact
that, there are drought of written articles, materials and books in
this area of knowledge. There exist some few works on role of
students but the law students are first in the categories of
students and therefore deserve special attention and special role.
While the law students belongs to the category of “Learned
students” other students (whatever his or her discipline) with all
due respect are “educated students”. This is because, a law student
is “Jack of all trade, master of all”. His or Her knowledge must
involve every aspect of life.

In conclusion on the statement of the
problem;
we hereby state that, it is as a result of the
problems highlighted above and the need to proffer adequate
solutions to them, that we decided to put up this work, as this
will give a perfect road map as to how the law students will serve
as the lubricant for nation building.[15]

THE ROLE OF LAW STUDENTS IN NATION
BUILDING

The Legal Profession is a Specialize Profession in the World
because it has to do with provision of various services and welfare
to the citizens and the nation at large. Because the Legal
Profession has to do with justice, therefore both the members of
the Legal Profession and Law Students must play important roles in
nation building, by way of preservation of peace, justice and the
development of the society generally.[16]
Whether or not this role has been, is being or likely to be
achieved or not will be unraveled in our work herein.

POSITIVE ROLES

  1. NECESSARY CATALYST FOR NATION
    BUILDING

There exist no doubt that Lawyers and at the same time Law
Students play important role in building a nation, it is true that
no one nation all over the World whether as at today or in the time
past has survived or can survive without the Laws being put in
place. This Laws dealt with a lot of issues such as education,
safety, government, policies, economy generally, and different
aspect of life. The Law students in conjunction with the Lawyers
who themselves were law students or are still Law Lecturers who
themselves were students or still students at the post graduate
level assist in contributing to the development of the law and
thereby playing a vital role in the development of a nation and
nation building. If you take away the Law students from a nation or
stop them from participating in building a nation, that nation is
bound to fail. Whether or not this role has been, is being or
likely to have been performed very well will be seen later in this
work.[17]

  1. VACARIOUS CARRIERS OF RULE OF
    LAW

From our discussion above, we have seen the role of Law students
as necessary catalyst for nation building. The Law students just
like the lawyers are the custodians and carriers of Rule of Law,
they can always sue to court for abuse of powers, they are more
often the watch dogs in decision making process.

The rule of Law is seen as a liberty centered constitutional
concept which stipulates that everything must be done in accordance
with the Law. It also encapsulate such ideals as government
according to the law, equality before the law and the independence
and autonomy of the judiciary among others.[18]

Also in the locus-classicus case of GOV OF
LAGOS STATE VS OJUKWU.
[19]

The Supreme Court held as follows;

The Law is no respecter of persons, principalities, government,
or powers and courts stand between the citizens and the government
to see that the state or government is bound by Law and respect the
Law.

The Supreme Court further in the above case[20] stated more clearly what it meant by rule of law
thus;

  1. That the state is subject to Law.
  2. That the judiciary is a necessary agency of the rule of
    Law.
  3. That government should respect the right of individual citizen
    under the rule of rule.
  4. That the judiciary is assigned both by the rule of law and by
    our constitution the role of the determination of all the actions
    and proceedings relating to matters in dispute between persons or
    between Government or authority and any person in Nigeria.

There has been so many cases on the issue of rule of law which
includes but not limited to the case of AG.
LAGOS STATE VS AG FED & ORS.
[21]

  1. POTENTIAL LAWYERS

The Law students are potential lawyers, as they are the crop of
distinguished lawyers who have contributed to the development of
several countries especially Nigeria.

Lawyers such as Chief Rotimi Williams (SAN), Late Chief Gani
Fawehinmi, SAN of blessed memory, Chief Femi Falana, SAN, Olisa
Agbakoba, SAN, Late, and many more Lawyers too numerous to mention
who have contributed to nation building including my humble self
were students before we became lawyers. In our own little ways, we
have contributed to the development of the nation.[22]

There were many things wrong with our system which this Lawyers
actually changed for the better even though they paid dearly to
change the excesses in the society. In other words without being a
potential Lawyer as law student, you can’t be a Lawyer not to talk
of building the nation as a Lawyer.

  1. POTENTIAL JUDGES

The Judges in Nigeria with respect to some of their decisions
have contributed to nation being.[23] But the
question is; before becoming a judge, who was Judge? Who was the
magistrate, Khadi Customary Judge? My Lords at the various high
courts[24] Federal High Court,[25] National Industrial Court,[26]
Sharia Court of Appeal,[27] Customary Court
of Appeal,[28] Court of Appeal,[29] and the Supreme Court?[30]

A lot of Law Students would be Judges of the various courts we
have mentioned. A lot of former Law Students are now Judges of the
various courts we have mentioned above. A lot of them will and have
delivered landmark decisions which have contributed to nation
building and a lot of the law students will contribute to the
development of the nation or put in another way, a lot will
contribute to nation building. However, we shall eventually see
whether or not this contributions are enough or not for nation
building.

  1. LAW MAKERS

There have been Law Students who contested elections and became
either members of the State Assemblies or National Assembly. They
have contributed to Law making which has become part of nation
building. Because they understood the position of the Law, the
bills they presented or contributed to their debates before the
various Legislative houses are always sound and with the mind set
of nation building. They usually detects loopholes in Legislation
which may not be seen by non Lawyers or a non-Law students.[31]

  1. POTENTIAL EXECUTIVE IN GOVERNMENT AND AREAS
    OF THE ECONOMY

We have seen lots of Law students now in government or areas of
the economy. They concluded their studies, contested election and
won several elective positions. We have some Law Students who even
as students are special Advisers to Governors and other Chief
Executives in different areas of the economy.

  1. PRESSURE GROUP/UNIONISTS

The Law Students themselves are leaders in their own right and
they form pressure group against excesses of government and other
leaders in the society. The Law students have contributed to nation
building when they find themselves putting pressure on how to
stop;[32]

  1. Corruption
  2. Waste of scarce resources

iii.    Destruction of educational growth

  1. Destruction of public institutions and facilities.
  2. Destruction of university facilities
  3. Destruction of ethical standard in all sphere of life,
    etc.
  4. RELIGIOUS LEADERS

The Law students belong to many religious organizations, they
have used it to assist nation building. There exist various
religious groups of Islam and Christianity. There are various
students groups of Islam and Christianity and subsequently we now
have the emergence of law students groups of Islam and
Christianity.

They have on their own contributed to discourse on national
unity and cohesion including nation building. There have been
inter-religious activities geared towards nation building.[33]

We shall also find out whether the above role have been properly
carried out to the satisfaction of right thinking members of the
society.

NEGATIVE ROLES OR INACTIVITIES

  1. INACTIVITY AS A CATALYST FOR NATION
    BUILDING?

The Law students with all due respect as at today, have become
inactive with respect to nation building. The Law students are no
longer united as they used to be in their quest to nation building.
They do not care any longer about the issues such as education,
safety, government policies, economy generally, and different
aspect of life. In fact the voices of the Law students who were
expected to lead in student unionism as it was before have been
subjugated under the main student union big umbrella in the school
who themselves are docile now.[34]

The main Law Student Association of Nigeria (LAWSAN) have become
docile and just waiting for election and what they must gain
personally. Their voices are hardly heard on serious national
issues,

  1. NON VACARIOUS CARRIER OF RULE OF
    LAW?

We have discussed what rule of law means earlier in this work.
The question is; Can the Law students be said to be involved in any
public-interest litigation of recent? How many cases were filed in
court challenging any breach of rule of law recently? How many
voices of Law students have we heard of recent of the need to stop
draconian laws in democracy period? How many students, inclusive of
law students have been fought for either in court, or through
massive awareness? Certainly the situation in this regard has
become too unfortunate that the law students may not be encouraged
to fight for anyone’s right as you may suffer without assistance
from the law students.[35]

  1. POTENTIAL LAWYERS OF WHAT
    STANDARD?

There is the adage saying “As you lay your bed, so you will lie
on it”. The question is; Does the Legal Profession not expect the
highest level of standard ethical value from both the law students
and by extension the Lawyers? Certainly, the answer is “Yes”.

In order to participate in nation building properly a Law
student must set standards. He must be first in performing in all
spheres of life and be worthy of emulation by not only his fellow
students of other faculties but by the members of the larger
society. He must command respect and not “force respect” to be
given to him.

In discussing the issue of “Ethics as the fulcrum of the legal
profession”; crux of a successful lawyer and a just society, I
stated that;

“The Lawyer is expected to uphold and observe the rule of Law,
promote and foster the cause of justice, maintain a high standard
of professional conduct and shall not engage in any conduct which
is unbecoming of a legal-practitioner”[36]

  1. POTENTIAL JUDGES OF WHAT
    STANDARD?

It is unfortunate that just as we have very refined Lawyers
today, there are those who are allowing the standards to fall. The
same way we also have so many fantastic judges, we equally have
with all due respect, judges who tend to derail in course of
performing their sacred duties.

Most of our law students today are students but majority of them
will be judges and would have forgotten that today, they are
hearing us delivering this paper. There are judges when they
deliver their judgment, you can see industries and would always
want to read it over and over again. There are judges, when they
deliver judgment, with all due respect;[37]

  1. you will regret being a member of the legal-profession.
  2. you will begin to ask question on which criteria was used to
    appoint him or her as a judge.

iii.    you will see technical justice even when
on several occasion the supreme court has said that the law has
moved away from placing emphasis on “technicalities” but on
“substantial justice”.

  1. how will you have imagined a judge of the Federal High Court
    dismissing a case of oil spillage on ground that claiming for
    “general damages” and special damages is not the same as “claiming
    for compensation”? The Blacks Law Dictionary stated that the words
    are the same.
  2. How will you have been involved in a case and a judge descend
    into the arena of case by abusing the Lawyer and disgracing him for
    no just cause?

No wonder, in the case of MUSA VS PINNACLE
COMMERCIAL BANK & ANR (2019) LPELR 48016[38]
the court while looking at the duty of a
judge stated thus;

“It must be remembered that counsel who appear before the court
to represent parties in cases/matters are as much as the judges,
officers of the courts who deserve to be treated with respect in
the conduct of proceedings. Even in situation where the conduct of
a counsel calls for criticism or admonition by the court,
appropriate language to be employed by the court should be
courteous, decent, but firm such that the message would be direct
and clear, but not scurribus, abusive and disparaging of the
personal integrity and character of counsel. Judges as
representatives of the creator on Earth in the Temple of Justice
are expected to be above the ordinary and be extra-ordinary in
patience, dignity, decency and humanity in words and actions in the
court rooms where they are “Lords” and outside the court…”

  1. LAW MAKERS OF WHAT STANDARD?

The Law students who find themselves in position of authority,
what have they done as law makers in terms of legislation? While
most law students are outside the Political arena, they seem to
criticize very well, once they are there, because, money might have
started coming in whether genuinely or otherwise, they tend to
forget those statements they had made earlier.[39]

  1. EXECUTIVE POSITIONS IN GOVERNMENT OR AREAS
    OF ECONOMY FOR WHO?

There have really been some law students who are Special
Advisers to some Governors or even Executive officer in some
companies servicing the nation economy, but the question is; what
have been their contribution to the nation economy? Certainly,
there have been no meaningful contributions in the regard.[40]

Worst still even some of the Law students who eventually became
lawyers and eventually became Governors or Deputy Governors or
Minister don’t even talk again to majority of the law students or
lawyers in order not to be allowed to give advice on how to
contribute to nation building.

  1. PRESSURE GROUP/UNIONISTS AT WHICH
    LEVEL?

In this area, the level of contributions of the law students as
at today has been very low and nothing to reckon with. There has
been seminars, symposiums, dinners and talk show all aimed at
contributing to nation building but members of the public cannot be
said to enjoy much awareness in this area. This activities have
been too scanty across the nation with low publicity even at that.
Even the Law students allowed themselves to be in disunity during
election and aftermath effect of the election. Some Executive
members have been labeled “Corruption chairman” and how can such
body or group of Law Students, then fight corruption, fight for
provision of social and infrastructural amenities?

As at today, there exist no electricity supply and even when
managed to be provided, it is inconsistent with reality, epileptic,
inadequate and disruptive. Most companies and private residences,
provides their own electricity through the use of generators and
solar energies causing increase in prices of goods and
services.[41]

  1. RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE

While majority of the Law students are divided along the line of
Islam and Christianity, thereby lowering the impact/role of Law
students in nation building, the third group goes for cultism, and
even in this area of cultism, they are further divided into between
6 to 10 different groups who are involved in show of superiority by
attacking and killing each other.

How can you even find the Law students who are assumed to know
better educationally, religiously, morally and socially being
involved in cult-related activities and religious intolerance? This
is certainly one of the worst situation the Law students find
themselves which had led to falling standard in the educational
career of the Law students as they require high level of
concentration to read and prepare for examinations.[42]

SUMMARY

We introduced the subject matter of this work which is “the role
of the Law students in nation building”. This introduction also
featured the key definition of the following terms;

  1. Role
  2. Law Students

iii.    Nation Building

furthermore, since the work dealt with the Law students and
nation building, we made references to internet materials, case
laws and statutes/provisions of the Nigerian Constitution.

In order to justify our work with regards to the topic, we used
“statement of the problem” to critically examine the topic in order
to do justice to it by arriving at a verdict.

What we did first was to look at the positive role of the Law
Students to nation building. We critically assessed the positive
role of the law students by examining their negative role and we
accordingly could see that, the role of the law students as at
today to nation building is very low with all due respect and there
is the need to improve seriously on this role in order not to be
relegated to the background among those striving harder for a near
perfect nation building which one can be proud of.

RECOMMENDATIONS

From the work which we have presented, it is herein recommended
as follows;

  1. There should be articles to be published in reputable journals
    including student journals on the discussed topic.
  2. There should be more talk-show/paper presentation in Law
    Dinners organized for Law students and many more should be
    organized.
  3. The government should specially create special Entrepreneurship
    projects for Law students and they must actually be encouraged to
    provide the necessary support towards the encouragement of
    Entrepreneurship which is very important for the Law students role
    in nation building to succeed.
  4. There is the need for unity between the various law students
    and the national body on one hand and the law students
    themselves.
  5. There must be religious tolerance, among the students.

CONCLUSION

From our discussion, it can be seen with all due respect, that
the Law students have been participating in nation building but the
role of the law students in nation building has reduced to the
lowest ebb.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. BOOKS/JOURNALS/NEWSPAPERS
  2. Mrs. Farida Wasiri; The role of the Bar in the fight against
    corruption; A template from my experiences; published in N.B.A Bar
    perspective, August, 2011 pages 68 – 69.
  3. Amuda-Kannike A., SAN; A paper presented at the Nigeria
    Association of Muslim Law Students National Seminar at Faculty of
    Law, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Kwara State.
  4. Amuda-Kannike, A., SAN; The Effect of Leadership and
    Entrepreneurship on Law, Security and National Unity; A paper
    presented at the 3rd Leadership submit/induction award at Uniport,
    River State on 5/10/2019
  5. Amuda-Kannike A. SAN; The Effect of Rule of Law, Security and
    National Peace on Entrepreneurship development and Economic
    Transformation in Nigeria; A paper presented at Covenant
    University, Ota, Ogun State on 30/11/2019
  6. Amuda-Kannike A. SAN; How Relevant is Entrepreneurship to Law,
    Good Governance, Democracy, Reduction in Social Vices, Illegality
    and Insecurity; A paper presented at Covenant University on
    3/8/2019
  7. CASE LAWS
  8. GOV OF LAGOS STATE VS OJUKWU (1986)1 NWLR (Part 18) pg621
  9. AG. LAGOS STATE VS AG FED & ORS (2013) LPELR 20974(SC)
  10. 3. MUSA VS PINNACLE COMMERCIAL BANK & ANR (2019) LPELR
    48016
  11. STATUTES
  12. Section 276 of the 1999 Constitution as amended. Section 255 of
    the Constitution for FCT Judges.
  13. Section 250 of the 1999 Constitution as amended.
  14. Section 254(B) of the 1999 Constitution as amended.
  15. Section 261 of the 1999 Constitution as amended and 260 of the
    constitution for FCT.
  16. Section 281 of the Constitution and Section 266 of the
    Constitution
  17. Section 238 of the 1999 Constitution.
  18. Section 231 of the 1999 Constitution.
  19. INTERNET MATERIALS
  20. Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus; see:
    dictionary.cambridge.org; Accessed through the internet on
    Wednesday the 24th of February, 2021 at 1am
  21. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English; role meaning; see:
    www.idoceonline.com.dictionary[2]; Accessed through the
    internet on Wednesday the 24th of February, 2021 at 1:30am
  22. Oxford Dictionary of English; see:
    dictionary.cambridge.org>role; Accessed through the internet on
    25/2/2021 at 11:16am
  23. Collins Dictionary; see:
    www.collinsdictionary.com>dictionary; Accessed through the
    internet on 25/2/2021 at 12:05pm
  24. National Building; see:
    www.dec.gov.org.29>content>5-what…; Accessed through the
    internet on 25/2/2021 at 1pm
  25. Gambari Ibrahim A.; “The Challenges of Nations Building; The
    case of Nigeria” 9th February, 2007; Mustapha Akanbi Foundation 9th
    May, 2014: http://www.mafng.org/anniversary/challengenationbuildingnigeria.htm[3]; Accessed through the
    internet on 25/2/2021 at 1:30pm
  26. A problem or statement of a problem is a concise description of
    an issue to be addressed or a condition to be improved upon. It
    identifies the gap between the current state and desired state of a
    process or product, focusing on the facts, the problem statement
    should be designed to address. See; problem statement; https://en.m.wikipedia.org[4]; Accessed through the
    internet on 25/2/2021 at 11:48pm
  27. The role of the Law Student; see: heinonline.org; Accessed
    through the internet on 26/2/2021 at 2:03am
  28. Rule of Law; See: www.ajol.info[5]; Accessed through the
    internet on 26/2/2021 at 11am
  29. The Nigerian Judiciary; see: lawpad.com; how to be a Judge
    Accessed through the internet on 26/2/2021 at 4:20pm
  30. National Parliament; See: www.loc.gov[6]; Accessed through the
    internet on 26/2/2021 at 5:29pm

[1] Since Law Students are group of persons
within the society, they must be a participant in nation building
either positively or negatively.

[2] The keywords definition will enable the
reader to appreciate the topic presented herein

[3] Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary &
Thesaurus; see: dictionary.cambridge.org; Accessed through the
internet on Wednesday the 24th of February, 2021 at 1am

[4] Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English;
role meaning; see: www.idoceonline.com.dictionary[7]; Accessed through the
internet on Wednesday the 24th of February, 2021 at 1:30am

[5]Oxford Dictionary of English; see:
dictionary.cambridge.org>role; Accessed through the internet on
25/2/2021 at 11:16am

[6] Collins Dictionary; see:
www.collinsdictionary.com>dictionary; Accessed through the
internet on 25/2/2021 at 12:05pm

[7] National Building; see:
www.dec.gov.org.29>content>5-what…; Accessed through the
internet on 25/2/2021 at 1pm

[8] Gambari Ibrahim A.; “The Challenges of
Nations Building; The case of Nigeria” 9th February, 2007; Mustapha
Akanbi Foundation 9th May, 2014: http://www.mafng.org/anniversary/challengenationbuildingnigeria.htm[8]; Accessed through the
internet on 25/2/2021 at 1:30pm

[9] He was more concerned about what should be
an ideal relationship of human beings, and utilization of their
resources for a just society.

[10] The essence of building a nation is
centered around the people who are the major beneficiaries.

[11] A problem or statement of a problem is a
concise description of an issue to be addressed or a condition to
be improved upon. It identifies the gap between the current state
and desired state of a process or product, focusing on the facts,
the problem statement should be designed to address. See; problem
statement; https://en.m.wikipedia.org[9]; Accessed through the
internet on 25/2/2021 at 11:48pm

[12] The analysis in this area of work will
give a link to the role of law students in nation building.

[13] There are problems, the more you try to
get them solved, the more they reared out their heads.

[14] Except we critically examine the student
matter of this work, a fair assessment of the role of law students
in nation building may not be achievable and with the situation of
the economic and security challenges all over the World especially
in Nigeria, the law students must not be seen being passive in
their attitude towards nation building.

[15] There is the need for concluding this
aspect of the statement of the problem in order to give the topic a
“researchable identity”.

[16] The role of the Law Student; see:
heinonline.org; Accessed through the internet on 26/2/2021 at
2:03am

[17] This work involves critical examination
which will must look at.

[18] Rule of Law; See: www.ajol.info[10]; Accessed through the
internet on 26/2/2021 at 11am

[19] (1986)1 NWLR (Part 18) pg621

[20] 20 Supra

[21] (2013) LPELR 20974(SC)

[22] A lot of lawyers in the process of Nation
building got arrested, maimed, killed, assaulted and
incapacitated.

[23] The Nigerian Judiciary; see: lawpad.com;
how to be a Judge Accessed through the internet on 26/2/2021 at
4:20pm

[24] Section 276 of the 1999 Constitution as
amended. Section 255 of the Constitution for FCT Judges.

[25] Section 250 of the 1999 Constitution as
amended.

[26] Section 254(B) of the 1999 Constitution as
amended.

[27] Section 261 of the 1999 Constitution as
amended and 260 of the constitution for FCT.

[28] Section 281 of the Constitution and
Section 266 of the Constitution

[29] Section 238 of the 1999 Constitution.

[30] Section 231 of the 1999 Constitution.

[31] National Parliament; See: www.loc.gov[11]; Accessed through the
internet on 26/2/2021 at 5:29pm

[32] This is one of the serious aspect of the
role of law students to nation building but the ability to properly
carry out same should be properly scrutinized.

[33] Because this has to do with Law students,
we expect much understanding of a united efforts in nation
building.

[34] Mrs. Farida Wasiri; The role of the Bar in
the fight against corruption; A template from my experiences;
published in N.B.A Bar perspective, August, 2011 pages 68 – 69.

[35] In the commencement part of the
Fundamental Rights (Enforcement Procedure) Rules, 2009 made
pursuant to chapter iv of the constitution, it states that the
court shall encourage and welcome public interest litigations in
human rights field and no human rights case may be dismissed or
struck out for want of locus standi.

[36] Amuda-Kannike A., SAN; A paper presented
at the Nigeria Association of Muslim Law Students National Seminar
at Faculty of Law, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Kwara State.

[37] Majority of our Judges with all due
respect are two technical in their approach to doing justice with
all due respect. This has contributed more to tension and upheaval
in the society rather than nation buildings.

[38] (2019) LPELR – 48016: This case is apt and
direct to the point. Most Lawyers applauded the decision because
they felt they have been embarrassed and intimidated by their own
former colleagues who are now on the bench. This decision however
did not say we should disrespect judges because respect is
reciprocal.

[39] Most Lawyers or law students who have
become law makers do not often see themselves again as “Lawyers”
but as politicians. This ultimately affect nation building.

[40] Amuda-Kannike, A., SAN; The Effect of
Leadership and Entrepreneurship on Law, Security and National 
Unity; A paper presented at the 3rd Leadership submit/induction
award at Uniport, Rivers State on 5/10/2019

[41] Amuda-Kannike A. SAN; The Effect of Rule
of Law, Security and National Peace on Entrepreneurship development
and Economic Transformation in Nigeria; A paper presented at
Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State on 30/11/2019

[42] Amuda-Kannike A. SAN; How Relevant is
Entrepreneurship to Law, Good Governance, Democracy, Reduction in
Social Vices, Illegality and Insecurity; A paper presented at
Covenant University on 3/8/2019

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