2021 Version of Trade Mark Classes [The Nice Classification]

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Daily Law Tips (Tip 753) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LL.M,
ACIArb(UK)

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Introduction:  

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According to Forbes, ten most expensive trademarks, include;
Google valued at $44.3 billion, Microsoft valued at $42.8 billion,
Walmart valued at $36.2 billion, IBM valued at $36.2 billion,
Vodafone valued at $30.7 billion, Apple valued at $29.5 billion.
While most Nigerians focus on landed property, money in the bank
and jewelries, there is a huge asset in intellectual property, that
need little or no management/running cost. For example, aside
running a successful legal awareness platform; “Sabi Law”, the
owners of the brand can lease the name to any person for a fee. So,
a name/mark, can be a cash cow for some businesses/individuals. It
is part of franchise that can be sold or leased. This is seen in
all sectors; hotel, entertainments, real estate, chains of
supermarkets, consultancy firms and medicals.

When a trade mark is registered, no other person can use the
mark in the concerned class, without a written permission of the
owner and such permission comes only after payment of fees to the
owner. Any attempt to use a registered mark without permission or
to use a similar name is a civil wrong and a criminal offence. This
is the simple explanation of the intellectual property system that
fetches trillions of dollars for people around the world. It is
soft work and covers copyright, trade mark, patent and designs.

2021 Nice Agreement Classification of Goods and Services:

Trade Mark is a distinctive sign, mark, symbol or indicator
which distinguishes goods and services of an enterprise
(individual, company) or any legal entity from those of others in a
given class. It could be in the form of words, letters, numbers,
drawings, shapes, labels, colours, pictures or combination of all
or some of the above elements.

To ensure international uniformity in the classification of
trade marks across the world, there is an international
classification of goods and services for the registration of marks.
The Nice Agreement, concluded at Nice in 1957, revised at
Stockholm in 1967 and at Geneva in 1977, and amended
in 1979, establishes a classification of goods and services
for the purposes of registering trademarks and service marks (the
Nice Classification). The Nice Classification groups similar goods
and services into same class and there are 45 different classes.
Goods are listed in classes 1 to 34 and Services are listed in
classes 35 to 45.

The trademark offices of Contracting States are to indicate, in
official documents and publications in connection with each
registration, the numbers of the classes of the Classification to
which the goods or services for which the mark is registered
belong. Nigeria is a Contracting State under the Nice Agreement
Concerning the International Classification of Goods and
Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks
(1957).
A new edition of Nice Classification is published
every five years and, since 2013, a new version of each edition is
published annually. The most recent edition and version are
the 11th Edition, Version 2021 and its details are below;

CLASS HEADINGS

GOODS

Class  1 Chemicals for use in industry, science
and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and
forestry;  unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed
plastics;  fire extinguishing and fire prevention
compositions;  tempering and soldering preparations; 
substances for tanning animal skins and hides;  adhesives for
use in industry;  putties and other paste fillers; 
compost, manures, fertilizers;  biological preparations for
use in industry and science

Class  2 Paints, varnishes, lacquers;
 preservatives against rust and against deterioration of
wood;  colorants, dyes;  inks for printing, marking and
engraving;  raw natural resins;  metals in foil and
powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art

Class  3 Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry
preparations;  non-medicated dentifrices;  perfumery,
essential oils;  bleaching preparations and other substances
for laundry use;  cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive
preparations

Class  4 Industrial oils and greases, wax; 
lubricants;  dust absorbing, wetting and binding
compositions;  fuels and illuminants;  candles and wicks
for lighting

Class  5 Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary
preparations;  sanitary preparations for medical
purposes;  dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or
veterinary use, food for babies;  dietary supplements for
human beings and animals;  plasters, materials for
dressings;  material for stopping teeth, dental wax; 
disinfectants;  preparations for destroying vermin; 
fungicides, herbicides

Class  6 Common metals and their alloys,
ores;  metal materials for building and construction; 
transportable buildings of metal;  non-electric cables and
wires of common metal;  small items of metal hardware; 
metal containers for storage or transport;  safes

Class  7 Machines, machine tools, power-operated
tools;  motors and engines, except for land vehicles; 
machine coupling and transmission components, except for land
vehicles;  agricultural implements, other than hand-operated
hand tools;  incubators for eggs;  automatic vending
machines

Class  8 Hand tools and implements,
hand-operated;  cutlery;  side arms, except
firearms;  razors

Class  9 Scientific, research, navigation,
surveying, photographic, cinematographic, audiovisual, optical,
weighing, measuring, signalling, detecting, testing, inspecting,
life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments;  apparatus
and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming,
accumulating, regulating or controlling the distribution or use of
electricity;  apparatus and instruments for recording,
transmitting, reproducing or processing sound, images or
data;  recorded and downloadable media, computer software,
blank digital or analogue recording and storage media; 
mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus;  cash registers,
calculating devices;  computers and computer peripheral
devices;  diving suits, divers’ masks, ear plugs for divers,
nose clips for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing
apparatus for underwater swimming;  fire-extinguishing
apparatus

Class
10
          
Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and
instruments;  artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; 
orthopaedic articles;  suture materials;  therapeutic and
assistive devices adapted for persons with disabilities; 
massage apparatus;  apparatus, devices and articles for
nursing infants;  sexual activity apparatus, devices and
articles

Class
11
          
Apparatus and installations for lighting, heating, cooling, steam
generating, cooking, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary
purposes

Class
12
          
Vehicles;  apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water

Class
13
          
Firearms;  ammunition and projectiles;  explosives; 
fireworks

Class
14
          
Precious metals and their alloys;  jewellery, precious and
semi-precious stones;  horological and chronometric
instruments

Class
15
          
Musical instruments;  music stands and stands for musical
instruments;  conductors’ batons

Class
16
          
Paper and cardboard;  printed matter;  bookbinding
material;  photographs;  stationery and office
requisites, except furniture;  adhesives for stationery or
household purposes;  drawing materials and materials for
artists;  paintbrushes;  instructional and teaching
materials;  plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and
packaging;  printers’ type, printing blocks

Class
17
          
Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos,
mica and substitutes for all these materials;  plastics and
resins in extruded form for use in manufacture;  packing,
stopping and insulating materials;  flexible pipes, tubes and
hoses, not of metal

Class
18
          
Leather and imitations of leather;  animal skins and
hides;  luggage and carrying bags;  umbrellas and
parasols;  walking sticks;  whips, harness and
saddlery;  collars, leashes and clothing for animals

Class
19
          
Materials, not of metal, for building and construction;  rigid
pipes, not of metal, for building;  asphalt, pitch, tar and
bitumen;  transportable buildings, not of metal; 
monuments, not of metal

Class
20
          
Furniture, mirrors, picture frames;  containers, not of metal,
for storage or transport;  unworked or semi-worked bone, horn,
whalebone or mother-of-pearl;  shells;  meerschaum; 
yellow amber

Class
21
          
Household or kitchen utensils and containers;  cookware and
tableware, except forks, knives and spoons;  combs and
sponges;  brushes, except paintbrushes;  brush-making
materials;  articles for cleaning purposes;  unworked or
semi-worked glass, except building glass;  glassware,
porcelain and earthenware

Class
22
          
Ropes and string;  nets;  tents and tarpaulins; 
awnings of textile or synthetic materials;  sails;  sacks
for the transport and storage of materials in bulk;  padding,
cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper, cardboard,
rubber or plastics;  raw fibrous textile materials and
substitutes therefor

Class
23
          
Yarns and threads for textile use

Class
24
          
Textiles and substitutes for textiles;  household linen; 
curtains of textile or plastic

Class
25
          
Clothing, footwear, headwear

Class
26
          
Lace, braid and embroidery, and haberdashery ribbons and
bows;  buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; 
artificial flowers;  hair decorations;  false hair

Class
27
          
Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for
covering existing floors;  wall hangings, not of textile

Class
28
          
Games, toys and playthings;  video game apparatus; 
gymnastic and sporting articles;  decorations for Christmas
trees

Class
29
          
Meat, fish, poultry and game;  meat extracts;  preserved,
frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables;  jellies,
jams, compotes;  eggs;  milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and
other milk products;  oils and fats for food

Class
30
          
Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee;  rice, pasta and
noodles;  tapioca and sago;  flour and preparations made
from cereals;  bread, pastries and confectionery; 
chocolate;  ice cream, sorbets and other edible ices; 
sugar, honey, treacle;  yeast, baking-powder;  salt,
seasonings, spices, preserved herbs;  vinegar, sauces and
other condiments;  ice (frozen water)

Class
31
          
Raw and unprocessed agricultural, aquacultural, horticultural and
forestry products;  raw and unprocessed grains and
seeds;  fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs; 
natural plants and flowers;  bulbs, seedlings and seeds for
planting;  live animals;  foodstuffs and beverages for
animals;  malt

Class
32
          
Beers;  non-alcoholic beverages;  mineral and aerated
waters;  fruit beverages and fruit juices;  syrups and
other non-alcoholic preparations for making beverages

Class
33
          
Alcoholic beverages, except beers;  alcoholic preparations for
making beverages

Class
34
          
Tobacco and tobacco substitutes;  cigarettes and cigars; 
electronic cigarettes and oral vaporizers for smokers; 
smokers’ articles;  matches

SERVICES

Class
35
          
Advertising;  business management, organization and
administration;  office functions

Class
36
          
Financial, monetary and banking services;  insurance
services;  real estate affairs

Class
37
          
Construction services;  installation and repair
services;  mining extraction, oil and gas drilling

Class
38
          
Telecommunications services

Class
39
          
Transport;  packaging and storage of goods;  travel
arrangement

Class
40
          
Treatment of materials;  recycling of waste and trash; 
air purification and treatment of water;  printing
services;  food and drink preservation

Class
41
          
Education;  providing of training;  entertainment; 
sporting and cultural activities

Class
42
          
Scientific and technological services and research and design
relating thereto;  industrial analysis, industrial research
and industrial design services;  quality control and
authentication services;  design and development of computer
hardware and software

Class
43
          
Services for providing food and drink;  temporary
accommodation

Class
44
          
Medical services;  veterinary services;  hygienic and
beauty care for human beings or animals;  agriculture,
aquaculture, horticulture and forestry services

Class
45          

Legal services;  security services for the physical protection
of tangible property and individuals;  personal and social
services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals

LIST OF CLASSES, WITH EXPLANATORY
NOTES

G O O D S

CLASS 1

Chemicals for use in industry, science and photography, as well
as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry;

unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics;

fire extinguishing and fire prevention compositions;

tempering and soldering preparations;

substances for tanning animal skins and hides;

adhesives for use in industry;

putties and other paste fillers;

compost, manures, fertilizers;

biological preparations for use in industry and science.

Explanatory Note

Class 1 includes mainly chemical products for use in industry,
science and agriculture, including those which go to the making of
products belonging to other classes.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
sensitized paper;

–          tyre
repairing compositions;

–          salt for
preserving, other than for foodstuffs;

–          certain
additives for use in the food industry, for example, pectin,
lecithin, enzymes and chemical preservatives;

–          certain
ingredients for use in the manufacture of cosmetics and
pharmaceuticals, for example, vitamins, preservatives and
antioxidants;

–          certain
filtering materials, for example, mineral substances, vegetable
substances and ceramic materials in particulate form.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          raw
natural resins (Cl. 2), semi-processed resins
(Cl. 17);

–          chemical
preparations for medical or veterinary purposes (Cl. 5);

–         
fungicides, herbicides and preparations for destroying vermin
(Cl. 5);

–         
adhesives for stationery or household purposes (Cl. 16);

–          salt for
preserving foodstuffs (Cl. 30);

–          straw
mulch (Cl. 31).

CLASS 2

Paints, varnishes, lacquers;

preservatives against rust and against deterioration of
wood;

colorants, dyes;

inks for printing, marking and engraving;

raw natural resins;

metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating,
printing and art.

Explanatory Note

Class 2 includes mainly paints, colorants and preparations used
for protection against corrosion.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          paints,
varnishes and lacquers for industry, handicrafts and arts;

–         
thinners, thickeners, fixatives and siccatives for paints,
varnishes and lacquers;

–          mordants
for wood and leather;

–         
anti-rust oils and oils for the preservation of wood;

–         
dyestuffs for clothing;

–         
colorants for foodstuffs and beverages.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
unprocessed artificial resins (Cl. 1), semi-processed resins
(Cl. 17);

–          mordants
for metals (Cl. 1);

–          laundry
blueing (Cl. 3);

–          cosmetic
dyes (Cl. 3);

–          paint
boxes (articles for use in school) (Cl. 16);

–          inks for
stationery purposes (Cl. 16);

–         
insulating paints and varnishes (Cl. 17).

CLASS 3

Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry preparations;

non-medicated dentifrices;

perfumery, essential oils;

bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use;

cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations.

Explanatory Note

Class 3 includes mainly non-medicated toiletry preparations, as
well as cleaning preparations for use in the home and other
environments.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          sanitary
preparations being toiletries;

–          tissues
impregnated with cosmetic lotions;

–         
deodorants for human beings or for animals;

–          room
fragrancing preparations;

–          nail art
stickers;

–         
polishing wax;

–         
sandpaper.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
ingredients for use in the manufacture of cosmetics, for example,
vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants (Cl. 1);

–         
degreasing preparations for use in manufacturing processes
(Cl. 1);

–          chemical
chimney cleaners (Cl. 1);

–         
deodorants, other than for human beings or for animals
(Cl. 5);

–         
medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices
(Cl. 5);

–          emery
boards, emery files, sharpening stones and grindstones (hand tools)
(Cl. 8);

–          cosmetic
and cleaning instruments, for example, make-up brushes
(Cl. 21), cloths, pads and rags for cleaning
(Cl. 21).

CLASS 4

Industrial oils and greases, wax;

lubricants;

dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions;

fuels and illuminants;

candles and wicks for lighting.

Explanatory Note

Class 4 includes mainly industrial oils and greases, fuels and
illuminants.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          oils for
the preservation of masonry or of leather;

–          raw wax,
industrial wax;

–         
electrical energy;

–          motor
fuels, biofuels;

–         
non-chemical additives for fuels;

–          wood for
use as fuel.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          certain
special industrial oils and greases, for example, oils for tanning
leather (Cl. 1), oils for the preservation of wood, anti-rust
oils and greases (Cl. 2), essential oils (Cl. 3);

–          massage
candles for cosmetic purposes (Cl. 3) and medicated massage
candles (Cl. 5);

–          certain
special waxes, for example, grafting wax for trees (Cl. 1),
tailors’ wax, polishing wax, depilatory wax (Cl. 3), dental
wax (Cl. 5), sealing wax (Cl. 16);

–          wicks
adapted for oil stoves (Cl. 11) and for cigarette lighters
(Cl. 34).

CLASS 5

Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations;

sanitary preparations for medical purposes;

dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary
use, food for babies;

dietary supplements for human beings and animals;

plasters, materials for dressings;

material for stopping teeth, dental wax;

disinfectants;

preparations for destroying vermin;

fungicides, herbicides.

Explanatory Note

Class 5 includes mainly pharmaceuticals and other preparations
for medical or veterinary purposes.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          sanitary
preparations for personal hygiene, other than toiletries;

–          diapers
for babies and for incontinence;

–         
deodorants, other than for human beings or for animals;

–         
medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices;

–          dietary
supplements intended to supplement a normal diet or to have health
benefits;

–          meal
replacements and dietetic food and beverages adapted for medical or
veterinary use.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
ingredients for use in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, for
example, vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants (Cl. 1);

–          sanitary
preparations being non-medicated toiletries (Cl. 3);

–         
deodorants for human beings or for animals (Cl. 3);

–          support
bandages, orthopaedic bandages (Cl. 10);

–          meal
replacements and dietetic food and beverages not specified as being
for medical or veterinary use, which should be classified in the
appropriate food or beverage classes, for example, low-fat potato
crisps (Cl. 29), high-protein cereal bars (Cl. 30),
isotonic beverages (Cl. 32).

CLASS 6

Common metals and their alloys, ores;

metal materials for building and construction;

transportable buildings of metal;

non-electric cables and wires of common metal;

small items of metal hardware;

metal containers for storage or transport;

safes.

Explanatory Note

Class 6 includes mainly unwrought and partly wrought common
metals, including ores, as well as certain goods made of common
metals.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          metals
in foil or powder form for further processing, for example, for 3D
printers;

–          metal
building materials, for example, materials of metal for railway
tracks, pipes and tubes of metal;

–          small
items of metal hardware, for example, bolts, screws, nails,
furniture casters, window fasteners;

–         
transportable buildings or structures of metal, for example,
prefabricated houses, swimming pools, cages for wild animals,
skating rinks;

–          certain
goods made of common metals not otherwise classified by function or
purpose, for example, all-purpose boxes of common metal, statues,
busts and works of art of common metal.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          metals
and ores used as chemicals in industry or scientific research for
their chemical properties, for example, bauxite, mercury, antimony,
alkaline and alkaline-earth metals (Cl. 1);

–          metals
in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing
and art (Cl. 2);

–          electric
cables (Cl. 9) and non-electric cables and ropes, not of metal
(Cl. 22);

–          pipes
being parts of sanitary installations (Cl. 11), flexible
pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal (Cl. 17) and rigid pipes,
not of metal (Cl. 19);

–          cages
for household pets (Cl. 21);

–          certain
goods made of common metals that are classified according to their
function or purpose, for example, hand tools, hand-operated
(Cl. 8), paper clips (Cl. 16), furniture (Cl. 20),
kitchen utensils (Cl. 21), household containers
(Cl. 21).

CLASS 7

Machines, machine tools, power-operated tools;

motors and engines, except for land vehicles;

machine coupling and transmission components, except for land
vehicles;

agricultural implements, other than hand-operated hand
tools;

incubators for eggs;

automatic vending machines.

Explanatory Note

Class 7 includes mainly machines and machine tools, motors and
engines.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          parts of
motors and engines of all kinds, for example, starters, mufflers
and cylinders for motors and engines of any type;

–          electric
cleaning and polishing apparatus, for example, electric shoe
polishers, electric machines and apparatus for carpet shampooing
and vacuum cleaners;

–          3D
printers;

–         
industrial robots;

–          certain
special vehicles not for transportation purposes, for example, road
sweeping machines, road making machines, bulldozers, snow ploughs,
as well as rubber tracks as parts of those vehicles’ crawlers.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          hand
tools and implements, hand-operated (Cl. 8);

–          humanoid
robots with artificial intelligence, laboratory robots, teaching
robots, security surveillance robots (Cl. 9), surgical robots
(Cl. 10), robotic cars (Cl. 12), robotic drums
(Cl. 15), toy robots (Cl. 28);

–          motors
and engines for land vehicles (Cl. 12);

–          treads
for vehicles and tractors (Cl. 12);

–          certain
special machines, for example, automated teller machines
(Cl. 9), respirators for artificial respiration (Cl. 10),
refrigerating apparatus and machines (Cl. 11).

CLASS 8

Hand tools and implements, hand-operated;

cutlery;

side arms, except firearms;

razors.

Explanatory Note

Class 8 includes mainly hand-operated tools and implements for
performing tasks, such as drilling, shaping, cutting and
piercing.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
hand-operated agricultural, gardening and landscaping tools;

–         
hand-operated tools for carpenters, artists and other
craftspersons, for example, hammers, chisels and gravers;

–          handles
for hand-operated hand tools, such as knives and scythes;

–          electric
and non-electric hand implements for personal grooming and body
art, for example, razors, implements for hair curling, tattooing,
and for manicure and pedicure;

–         
hand-operated pumps;

–          table
cutlery, such as knives, forks and spoons, including those made of
precious metals.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          machine
tools and implements driven by a motor (Cl. 7);

–          surgical
cutlery (Cl. 10);

–          pumps
for bicycle tyres (Cl. 12), pumps specially adapted for use
with balls for games (Cl. 28);

–          side
arms being firearms (Cl. 13);

–          paper
knives and paper shredders for office use (Cl. 16);

–          handles
for objects that are classified in various classes according to
their function or purpose, for example, walking stick handles,
umbrella handles (Cl. 18), broom handles (Cl. 21);

–          serving
utensils, for example, sugar tongs, ice tongs, pie servers and
serving ladles, and kitchen utensils, for example, mixing spoons,
pestles and mortars, nutcrackers and spatulas (Cl. 21);

–          fencing
weapons (Cl. 28).

CLASS 9

Scientific, research, navigation, surveying, photographic,
cinematographic, audiovisual, optical, weighing, measuring,
signalling, detecting, testing, inspecting, life-saving and
teaching apparatus and instruments;

apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching,
transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling the
distribution or use of electricity;

apparatus and instruments for recording, transmitting,
reproducing or processing sound, images or data;

recorded and downloadable media, computer software, blank
digital or analogue recording and storage media;

mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus;

cash registers, calculating devices;

computers and computer peripheral devices;

diving suits, divers’ masks, ear plugs for divers, nose clips
for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing apparatus for
underwater swimming;

fire-extinguishing apparatus.

Explanatory Note

Class 9 includes mainly apparatus and instruments for scientific
or research purposes, audiovisual and information technology
equipment, as well as safety and life-saving equipment.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
apparatus and instruments for scientific research in
laboratories;

–          training
apparatus and simulators, for example, resuscitation mannequins,
simulators for the steering and control of vehicles;

–         
apparatus and instruments for controlling and monitoring aircraft,
watercraft and unmanned vehicles, for example, navigational
instruments, transmitters, compasses for measuring, GPS apparatus,
automatic steering apparatus for vehicles;

–          safety
and security apparatus and instruments, for example, safety nets,
signalling lights, traffic-light apparatus, fire engines, sound
alarms, security tokens being encryption devices;

–          clothing
that protects against serious or life-threatening injuries, for
example, clothing for protection against accidents, irradiation and
fire, bullet-proof clothing, protective helmets, head guards for
sports, mouth guards for sports, protective suits for aviators,
knee-pads for workers;

–          optical
apparatus and instruments, for example, eyeglasses, contact lenses,
magnifying glasses, mirrors for inspecting work, peepholes;

–         
magnets;

–         
smartwatches, wearable activity trackers;

–         
joysticks for use with computers, other than for video games,
virtual reality headsets, smartglasses;

–          eyeglass
cases, cases for smartphones, cases especially made for
photographic apparatus and instruments;

–         
automated teller machines, invoicing machines, material testing
instruments and machines;

–         
batteries and chargers for electronic cigarettes;

–          electric
and electronic effects units for musical instruments;

–         
laboratory robots, teaching robots, security surveillance robots,
humanoid robots with artificial intelligence.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
joysticks being parts of machines, other than for game machines
(Cl. 7), vehicle joysticks (Cl. 12), joysticks for video
games, controllers for toys and game consoles (Cl. 28);

–         
coin-operated apparatus that are classified in various classes
according to their function or purpose, for example, coin-operated
washing machines (Cl. 7), coin‑operated billiard tables
(Cl. 28);

–         
industrial robots (Cl. 7), surgical robots (Cl. 10), toy
robots (Cl. 28);

–          pulse
meters, heart rate monitoring apparatus, body composition monitors
(Cl. 10);

–         
laboratory lamps, laboratory burners (Cl. 11);

–          diving
lights (Cl. 11);

–         
explosive fog signals, signal rocket flares (Cl. 13);

–         
histological sections for teaching purposes, biological samples for
use in microscopy as teaching materials (Cl. 16);

–          clothing
and equipment worn for the practice of certain sports, for example,
protective paddings being parts of sports suits, fencing masks,
boxing gloves (Cl. 28).

CLASS 10

Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and
instruments;

artificial limbs, eyes and teeth;

orthopaedic articles;

suture materials;

therapeutic and assistive devices adapted for persons with
disabilities;

massage apparatus;

apparatus, devices and articles for nursing infants;

sexual activity apparatus, devices and articles.

Explanatory Note

Class 10 includes mainly surgical, medical, dental and
veterinary apparatus, instruments and articles generally used for
the diagnosis, treatment or improvement of function or condition of
persons and animals.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          support
bandages, orthopaedic bandages;

–          special
clothing for medical purposes, for example, compression garments,
stockings for varices, strait jackets, orthopaedic footwear;

–         
articles, instruments and devices for menstruation, contraception
and childbirth, for example, menstrual cups, pessaries, condoms,
childbirth mattresses, forceps;

–         
therapeutic and prosthetic articles and devices for implantation
made of artificial or synthetic materials, for example, surgical
implants comprised of artificial materials, artificial breasts,
brain pacemakers, biodegradable bone fixation implants;

–         
furniture especially made for medical purposes, for example,
armchairs for medical or dental purposes, air mattresses for
medical purposes, operating tables.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          medical
dressings and absorbent sanitary articles, for example, plasters,
bandages and gauze for dressings, breast-nursing pads, diapers for
babies and for incontinence, tampons (Cl. 5);

–          surgical
implants comprised of living tissue (Cl. 5);

–         
tobacco-free cigarettes for medical purposes (Cl. 5) and
electronic cigarettes (Cl. 34);

–         
wheelchairs and mobility scooters (Cl. 12);

–          massage
tables and hospital beds (Cl. 20).

CLASS 11

Apparatus and installations for lighting, heating, cooling,
steam generating, cooking, drying, ventilating, water supply and
sanitary purposes.

Explanatory Note

Class 11 includes mainly environmental control apparatus and
installations, in particular, for the purposes of lighting,
cooking, cooling and sanitizing.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
air-conditioning apparatus and installations;

–          ovens,
other than for laboratory use, for example, dental ovens, microwave
ovens, bakers’ ovens;

–          stoves
being heating apparatus;

–          solar
thermal collectors;

–          chimney
flues, chimney blowers, hearths, domestic fireplaces;

–         
sterilizers, incinerators;

–          lighting
apparatus and installations, for example, luminous tubes for
lighting, searchlights, luminous house numbers, vehicle reflectors,
lights for vehicles;

–          lamps,
for example, electric lamps, gas lamps, laboratory lamps, oil
lamps, street lamps, safety lamps;

–          tanning
apparatus being sun beds;

–          bath
installations, bath fittings, bath plumbing fixtures;

–          toilets,
urinals;

–         
fountains, chocolate fountains;

–         
electrically heated pads, cushions and blankets, not for medical
purposes;

–          hot
water bottles;

–         
electrically heated clothing;

–          electric
appliances for making yogurt, bread-making machines, coffee
machines, ice-cream making machines;

–          ice
machines and apparatus.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          steam
producing apparatus being parts of machines (Cl. 7);

–          air
condensers (Cl. 7);

–          current
generators, generators of electricity (Cl. 7);

–         
soldering lamps (Cl. 7), optical lamps, darkroom lamps
(Cl. 9), lamps for medical purposes (Cl. 10);

–          ovens
for laboratory use (Cl. 9);

–         
photovoltaic cells (Cl. 9);

–         
signalling lights (Cl. 9);

–         
electrically heated pads, cushions and blankets, for medical
purposes (Cl. 10);

–          portable
baby baths (Cl. 21);

–         
non-electric portable coolers (Cl. 21);

–          cooking
utensils that do not have an integrated heat source, for example,
non-electric griddles and grills, non-electric waffle irons,
non-electric pressure cookers (Cl. 21);

–         
footmuffs, not electrically heated (Cl. 25).

CLASS 12

Vehicles;

apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.

Explanatory Note

Class 12 includes mainly vehicles and apparatus for the
transport of people or goods by land, air or water.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          motors
and engines for land vehicles;

–         
couplings and transmission components for land vehicles;

–          air
cushion vehicles;

–          remote
control vehicles, other than toys;

–          parts of
vehicles, for example, bumpers, windscreens, steering wheels, tyres
for vehicle wheels, as well as treads for vehicles.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          railway
material of metal (Cl. 6);

–          motors,
engines, couplings and transmission components, other than for land
vehicles (Cl. 7);

–          parts of
all kinds of motors and engines, for example, starters, mufflers
and cylinders for motors and engines (Cl. 7);

–          rubber
tracks being parts of crawlers on construction, mining,
agricultural and other heavy-duty machines (Cl. 7);

–         
tricycles for infants and scooters, being toys (Cl. 28);

–          certain
special vehicles or wheeled apparatus not for transportation
purposes, for example, self-propelled road sweeping machines
(Cl. 7), fire engines (Cl. 9), tea carts
(Cl. 20);

–          certain
parts of vehicles, for example, electric batteries, mileage
recorders and radios for vehicles (Cl. 9), lights for
automobiles and bicycles (Cl. 11), automobile carpets
(Cl. 27).

CLASS 13

Firearms;

ammunition and projectiles;

explosives;

fireworks.

Explanatory Note

Class 13 includes mainly firearms and pyrotechnic products.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          rescue
flares, explosive or pyrotechnic;

–          flare
pistols;

–          sprays
for personal defence purposes;

–         
explosive fog signals, signal rocket flares;

–          air
pistols being weapons;

–         
bandoliers for weapons;

–          sporting
firearms, hunting firearms.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          grease
for weapons (Cl. 4);

–          blades
being weapons (Cl. 8);

–          side
arms, other than firearms (Cl. 8);

–         
non-explosive fog signals, rescue laser signalling flares
(Cl. 9);

–         
telescopic sights for firearms (Cl. 9);

–          flaming
torches (Cl. 11);

–         
Christmas crackers (Cl. 28);

–         
percussion caps being toys (Cl. 28);

–          toy air
pistols (Cl. 28);

–          matches
(Cl. 34).

CLASS 14

Precious metals and their alloys;

jewellery, precious and semi-precious stones;

horological and chronometric instruments.

Explanatory Note

Class 14 includes mainly precious metals and certain goods made
of precious metals or coated therewith, as well as jewellery,
clocks and watches, and component parts therefor.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
jewellery, including imitation jewellery, for example, paste
jewellery;

–          cuff
links, tie pins, tie clips;

–          key
rings, key chains and charms therefor;

–         
jewellery charms;

–         
jewellery boxes;

–         
component parts for jewellery, clocks and watches, for example,
clasps and beads for jewellery, movements for clocks and watches,
clock hands, watch springs, watch crystals.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
smartwatches (Cl. 9);

–          charms,
other than for jewellery, key rings or key chains
(Cl. 26);

–          objects
of art not made of precious metals or coated therewith that are
classified according to the material of which they are made, for
example, works of art of metal (Cl. 6), of stone, concrete or
marble (Cl. 19), of wood, wax, plaster or plastic
(Cl. 20), of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or
glass (Cl. 21);

–          certain
goods made of precious metals or coated therewith that are
classified according to their function or purpose, for example,
metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating,
printing and art (Cl. 2), dental amalgams of gold
(Cl. 5), cutlery (Cl. 8), electric contacts (Cl. 9),
pen nibs of gold (Cl. 16), teapots (Cl. 21), gold
and silver embroidery (Cl. 26), cigar boxes (Cl. 34).

CLASS 15

Musical instruments;

music stands and stands for musical instruments;

conductors’ batons.

Explanatory Note

Class 15 includes mainly musical instruments, their parts and
their accessories.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
mechanical musical instruments and their accessories, for example,
barrel organs, mechanical pianos, intensity regulators for
mechanical pianos, robotic drums;

–          musical
boxes;

–         
electrical and electronic musical instruments;

–          strings,
reeds, pegs and pedals for musical instruments;

–          tuning
forks, tuning hammers;

–         
colophony (rosin) for stringed musical instruments.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
apparatus for the recording, transmission, amplification and
reproduction of sound, for example, electric and electronic effects
units for musical instruments, wah-wah pedals, audio interfaces,
audio mixers, equalisers being audio apparatus, subwoofers
(Cl. 9);

–         
downloadable music files (Cl. 9);

–         
downloadable electronic sheet music (Cl. 9), printed sheet
music (Cl. 16);

–          juke
boxes, musical (Cl. 9);

–         
metronomes (Cl. 9);

–          musical
greeting cards (Cl. 16).

CLASS 16

Paper and cardboard;

printed matter;

bookbinding material;

photographs;

stationery and office requisites, except furniture;

adhesives for stationery or household purposes;

drawing materials and materials for artists;

paintbrushes;

instructional and teaching materials;

plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and packaging;

printers’ type, printing blocks.

Explanatory Note

Class 16 includes mainly paper, cardboard and certain goods made
of those materials, as well as office requisites.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          paper
knives and paper cutters;

–          cases,
covers and devices for holding or securing paper, for example,
document files, money clips, holders for cheque books, paper-clips,
passport holders, scrapbooks;

–          certain
office machines, for example, typewriters, duplicators, franking
machines for office use, pencil sharpeners;

–          painting
articles for use by artists and interior and exterior painters, for
example, artists’ watercolour saucers, painters’ easels and
palettes, paint rollers and trays;

–          certain
disposable paper products, for example, bibs, handkerchiefs and
table linen of paper;

–          certain
goods made of paper or cardboard not otherwise classified by
function or purpose, for example, paper bags, envelopes and
containers for packaging, statues, figurines and works of art of
paper or cardboard, such as figurines of papier mâché, framed or
unframed lithographs, paintings and watercolours.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          paints
(Cl. 2);

–          hand
tools for artists, for example, spatulas, sculptors’ chisels
(Cl. 8);

–          teaching
apparatus, for example, audiovisual teaching apparatus,
resuscitation mannequins (Cl. 9), and toy models
(Cl. 28);

–          certain
goods made of paper or cardboard that are classified according to
their function or purpose, for example, photographic paper
(Cl. 1), abrasive paper (Cl. 3), paper blinds
(Cl. 20), table cups and plates of paper (Cl. 21), bed
linen of paper (Cl. 24), paper clothing (Cl. 25),
cigarette paper (Cl. 34).

CLASS 17

Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum,
asbestos, mica and substitutes for all these materials;

plastics and resins in extruded form for use in manufacture;

packing, stopping and insulating materials;

flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal.

Explanatory Note

Class 17 includes mainly electrical, thermal and acoustic
insulating materials and plastics for use in manufacture in the
form of sheets, blocks and rods, as well as certain goods made of
rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica or substitutes
therefor.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          rubber
material for recapping tyres;

–          floating
anti-pollution barriers;

–          adhesive
tapes, other than stationery and not for medical or household
purposes;

–          plastic
films, other than for wrapping and packaging, for example,
anti-dazzle films for windows;

–          elastic
threads and threads of rubber or plastic, not for textile use;

–          certain
goods made of the materials in this class not otherwise classified
by function or purpose, for example, foam supports for flower
arrangements, padding and stuffing materials of rubber or plastics,
rubber stoppers, shock-absorbing buffers of rubber, rubber bags or
envelopes for packaging.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          fire
hose (Cl. 9);

–          pipes
being parts of sanitary installations (Cl. 11) and rigid pipes
of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal (Cl. 19);

–         
insulating glass for building (Cl. 19);

–          certain
goods made of the materials in this class that are classified
according to their function or purpose, for example, gum resins
(Cl. 2), rubber for dental purposes (Cl. 5), asbestos
screens for firemen (Cl. 9), adhesive rubber patches for
repairing inner tubes (Cl. 12), rubber erasers
(Cl. 16).

CLASS 18

Leather and imitations of leather;

animal skins and hides;

luggage and carrying bags;

umbrellas and parasols;

walking sticks;

whips, harness and saddlery;

collars, leashes and clothing for animals.

Explanatory Note

Class 18 includes mainly leather, imitations of leather and
certain goods made of those materials.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          luggage
and carrying bags, for example, suitcases, trunks, travelling bags,
sling bags for carrying infants, school bags;

–          luggage
or baggage tags;

–          business
card cases and pocket wallets;

–          boxes
and cases of leather or leatherboard.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          walking
sticks or canes for medical purposes (Cl. 10);

–         
clothing, footwear and headwear of leather for human beings
(Cl. 25);

–          bags and
cases adapted to the product they are intended to contain, for
example, bags adapted for laptops (Cl. 9), bags and cases for
cameras and photographic equipment (Cl. 9), cases for musical
instruments (Cl. 15), golf bags with or without wheels, bags
especially designed for skis and surfboards (Cl. 28);

–          certain
goods made of leather, imitations of leather, animal skins and
hides that are classified according to their function or purpose,
for example, leather strops (Cl. 8), polishing leather
(Cl. 21), chamois leather for cleaning (Cl. 21), leather
belts for clothing (Cl. 25).

CLASS 19

Materials, not of metal, for building and construction;

rigid pipes, not of metal, for building;

asphalt, pitch, tar and bitumen;

transportable buildings, not of metal;

monuments, not of metal.

Explanatory Note

Class 19 includes mainly materials, not of metal, for building
and construction.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
semi-worked woods for use in building, for example, beams, planks,
panels;

–          wood
veneers;

–          building
glass, for example, glass tiles, insulating glass for building,
safety glass;

–          glass
granules for marking out roads;

–          granite,
marble, gravel;

–         
terra-cotta for use as a building material;

–          roofing,
not of metal, incorporating photovoltaic cells;

–         
gravestones and tombs, not of metal;

–          statues,
busts and works of art of stone, concrete or marble;

–          letter
boxes of masonry;

–         
geotextiles;

–          coatings
being building materials;

–         
scaffolding, not of metal;

–         
transportable buildings or structures, not of metal, for example,
aquaria, aviaries, flagpoles, porches, swimming pools.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          cement
preservatives, cement-waterproofing preparations (Cl. 1);

–         
fireproofing preparations (Cl. 1);

–          wood
preservatives (Cl. 2);

–          oils for
releasing form work for building (Cl. 4);

–          letter
boxes of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal or masonry
(Cl. 20);

–          statues,
busts and works of art of common metal (Cl. 6), of precious
metal (Cl. 14), of wood, wax, plaster or plastic
(Cl. 20), of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or
glass (Cl. 21);

–          certain
pipes, not of metal, not for building, for example, pipes being
parts of sanitary installations (Cl. 11), flexible pipes,
tubes and hoses, not of metal (Cl. 17);

–         
substances for insulating buildings against moisture
(Cl. 17);

–          glass
for vehicle windows (semi-finished product) (Cl. 21);

–         
birdcages (Cl. 21);

–          mats and
matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors
(Cl. 27);

–          unsawn
or undressed timber (Cl. 31).

CLASS 20

Furniture, mirrors, picture frames;

containers, not of metal, for storage or transport;

unworked or semi-worked bone, horn, whalebone or
mother-of-pearl;

shells;

meerschaum;

yellow amber.

Explanatory Note

Class 20 includes mainly furniture and parts therefor, as well
as certain goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn,
bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum
and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          metal
furniture, furniture for camping, gun racks, newspaper display
stands;

–          indoor
window blinds and shades;

–          bedding,
for example, mattresses, bed bases, pillows;

–          looking
glasses, furniture and toilet mirrors;

–         
registration plates, not of metal;

–          small
items of hardware, not of metal, for example, bolts, screws,
dowels, furniture casters, collars for fastening pipes;

–          letter
boxes, not of metal or masonry.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          special
furniture for laboratories (Cl. 9) or for medical use
(Cl. 10);

–          outdoor
blinds of metal (Cl. 6), not of metal and not of textile
(Cl. 19), of textile (Cl. 22);

–          bed
linen, eiderdowns and sleeping bags (Cl. 24);

–          certain
mirrors for specific uses, for example, mirrors used in optical
goods (Cl. 9), mirrors used in surgery or dentistry
(Cl. 10), rearview mirrors (Cl. 12), sighting mirrors for
guns (Cl. 13);

–          certain
goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory,
whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and
substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic, that are
classified according to their function or purpose, for example,
beads for making jewellery (Cl. 14), wooden floor boards
(Cl. 19), baskets for domestic use (Cl. 21), plastic cups
(Cl. 21), reed mats (Cl. 27).

CLASS 21

Household or kitchen utensils and containers;

cookware and tableware, except forks, knives and spoons;

combs and sponges;

brushes, except paintbrushes;

brush-making materials;

articles for cleaning purposes;

unworked or semi-worked glass, except building glass;

glassware, porcelain and earthenware.

Explanatory Note

Class 21 includes mainly small, hand-operated utensils and
apparatus for household and kitchen use, as well as cosmetic and
toilet utensils, glassware and certain goods made of porcelain,
ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or glass.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
household and kitchen utensils, for example, fly swatters,
clothes-pegs, mixing spoons, basting spoons and corkscrews, as well
as serving utensils, for example, sugar tongs, ice tongs, pie
servers and serving ladles;

–         
household, kitchen and cooking containers, for example, vases,
bottles, piggy banks, pails, cocktail shakers, cooking pots and
pans, and non-electric kettles and pressure cookers;

–          small
hand-operated kitchen apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or
crushing, for example, garlic presses, nutcrackers, pestles and
mortars;

–          dish
stands and decanter stands;

–          cosmetic
and toilet utensils, for example, electric and non-electric combs
and toothbrushes, dental floss, foam toe separators for use in
pedicures, powder puffs, fitted vanity cases;

–         
gardening articles, for example, gardening gloves, window-boxes,
watering cans and nozzles for watering hose;

–          indoor
aquaria, terrariums and vivariums.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          cleaning
preparations (Cl. 3);

–         
containers for storage and transport of goods, of metal
(Cl. 6), not of metal (Cl. 20);

–          small
apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or crushing, which are
driven by electricity (Cl. 7);

–          razors
and shaving apparatus, hair and nail clippers, electric and
non-electric implements for manicure and pedicure, for example,
manicure sets, emery boards, cuticle nippers (Cl. 8);

–          table
cutlery (Cl. 8) and hand-operated cutting tools for kitchen
use, for example, vegetable shredders, pizza cutters, cheese
slicers (Cl. 8);

–          lice
combs, tongue scrapers (Cl. 10);

–          cooking
utensils, electric (Cl. 11);

–          toilet
mirrors (Cl. 20);

–          certain
goods made of glass, porcelain and earthenware that are classified
according to their function or purpose, for example, porcelain for
dental prostheses (Cl. 5), spectacle lenses (Cl. 9),
glass wool for insulation (Cl. 17), earthenware tiles
(Cl. 19), building glass (Cl. 19), glass fibres for
textile use (Cl. 22).

CLASS 22

Ropes and string;

nets;

tents and tarpaulins;

awnings of textile or synthetic materials;

sails;

sacks for the transport and storage of materials in bulk;

padding, cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper,
cardboard, rubber or plastics;

raw fibrous textile materials and substitutes therefor.

Explanatory Note

Class 22 includes mainly canvas and other materials for making
sails, rope, padding, cushioning and stuffing materials and raw
fibrous textile materials.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          cords
and twines made of natural or artificial textile fibres, paper or
plastics;

–          fishing
nets, hammocks, rope ladders;

–          vehicle
covers, not fitted;

–          certain
sacks and bags not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for
example, mesh bags for washing laundry, body bags, mail bags;

–         
packaging bags of textile;

–          animal
fibres and raw textile fibres, for example, animal hair, cocoons,
jute, raw or treated wool, raw silk.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          metal
ropes (Cl. 6);

–          strings
for musical instruments (Cl. 15) and for sports rackets
(Cl. 28);

–          padding
and stuffing materials of paper or cardboard (Cl. 16), rubber
or plastics (Cl. 17);

–          certain
nets and bags that are classified according to their function or
purpose, for example, safety nets (Cl. 9), luggage nets for
vehicles (Cl. 12), garment bags for travel (Cl. 18), hair
nets (Cl. 26), golf bags (Cl. 28), nets for sports
(Cl. 28);

–         
packaging bags, not of textile, which are classified according to
the material of which they are made, for example, packaging bags of
paper or plastics (Cl. 16), of rubber (Cl. 17), of
leather (Cl. 18).

CLASS 23

Yarns and threads for textile use.

Explanatory Note

Class 23 includes mainly natural or synthetic yarns and threads
for textile use.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
fibreglass, elastic, rubber and plastic threads for textile
use;

–          threads
for embroidery, darning and sewing, including those of metal;

–          spun
silk, spun cotton, spun wool.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          certain
threads for specific uses, for example, identification threads for
electric wires (Cl. 9), surgical thread (Cl. 10), threads
of precious metal being jewellery (Cl. 14);

–          threads,
other than for textile use, that are classified according to the
material of which they are made, for example, threads for binding
of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal (Cl. 22), elastic
threads, threads of rubber or plastic (Cl. 17), fibreglass
threads (Cl. 21).

CLASS 24

Textiles and substitutes for textiles;

household linen;

curtains of textile or plastic.

Explanatory Note

Class 24 includes mainly fabrics and fabric covers for household
use.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
household linen, for example, bedspreads, pillow shams, towels of
textile;

–          bed
linen of paper;

–          sleeping
bags, sleeping bag liners;

–          mosquito
nets.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
electrically heated blankets, for medical purposes (Cl. 10)
and not for medical purposes (Cl. 11);

–          table
linen of paper (Cl. 16);

–          asbestos
safety curtains (Cl. 17), bamboo curtains and bead curtains
for decoration (Cl. 20);

–          horse
blankets (Cl. 18);

–          certain
textiles and fabrics for specific uses, for example, fabrics for
bookbinding (Cl. 16), insulating fabrics (Cl. 17),
geotextiles (Cl. 19).

CLASS 25

Clothing, footwear, headwear.

Explanatory Note

Class 25 includes mainly clothing, footwear and headwear for
human beings.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          parts of
clothing, footwear and headwear, for example, cuffs, pockets,
ready-made linings, heels and heelpieces, cap peaks, hat frames
(skeletons);

–          clothing
and footwear for sports, for example, ski gloves, sports singlets,
cyclists’ clothing, judo and karate uniforms, football shoes,
gymnastic shoes, ski boots;

–         
masquerade costumes;

–          paper
clothing, paper hats for use as clothing;

–          bibs,
not of paper;

–          pocket
squares;

–         
footmuffs, not electrically heated.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          small
items of hardware used in shoemaking, for example, shoe pegs and
shoe dowels of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal (Cl. 20),
as well as haberdashery accessories and fastenings for clothing,
footwear and headwear, for example, clasps, buckles, zippers,
ribbons, hatbands, hat and shoe trimmings (Cl. 26);

–          certain
clothing, footwear and headwear for special use, for example,
protective helmets, including for sports (Cl. 9), clothing for
protection against fire (Cl. 9), clothing especially for
operating rooms (Cl. 10), orthopaedic footwear (Cl. 10),
as well as clothing and footwear that are essential for the
practice of certain sports, for example, baseball gloves, boxing
gloves, ice skates, skating boots with skates attached
(Cl. 28);

–         
electrically heated clothing (Cl. 11);

–         
electrically heated footmuffs (Cl. 11), fitted footmuffs for
pushchairs and prams (Cl. 12);

–          bibs of
paper (Cl. 16);

–         
handkerchiefs of paper (Cl. 16) and of textile
(Cl. 24);

–          clothing
for animals (Cl. 18);

–          carnival
masks (Cl. 28);

–          dolls’
clothes (Cl. 28);

–          paper
party hats (Cl. 28).

CLASS 26

Lace, braid and embroidery, and haberdashery ribbons and
bows;

buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles;

artificial flowers;

hair decorations;

false hair.

Explanatory Note

Class 26 includes mainly dressmakers’ articles, natural or
synthetic hair for wear, and hair adornments, as well as small
decorative items intended to adorn a variety of objects, not
included in other classes.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          wigs,
toupees, false beards;

–         
barrettes, hair bands;

–          ribbons
and bows being haberdashery or used as hair decorations, made of
any material;

–          ribbons
and bows for gift wrapping, not of paper;

–          hair
nets;

–          buckles,
zippers;

–          charms,
other than for jewellery, key rings or key chains;

–         
artificial Christmas garlands and wreaths, including those
incorporating lights;

–          certain
articles for curling hair, for example, electric and non-electric
hair curlers, other than hand implements, hair curling pins, hair
curling paper.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          false
eyelashes (Cl. 3);

–          hooks
being small items of metal hardware (Cl. 6) or hardware, not
of metal (Cl. 20), curtain hooks (Cl. 20);

–          certain
special types of needles, for example, tattoo needles (Cl. 8),
needles for surveying compasses (Cl. 9), needles for medical
purposes (Cl. 10), needles for pumps for inflating balls for
games (Cl. 28);

–          hand
implements for curling hair, for example, curling tongs, eyelash
curlers (Cl. 8);

–          hair
prostheses (Cl. 10);

–         
jewellery charms, charms for key rings or key chains
(Cl. 14);

–          certain
ribbons and bows, for example, paper ribbons and bows, other than
haberdashery or hair decorations (Cl. 16), rhythmic gymnastics
ribbons (Cl. 28);

–          yarns
and threads for textile use (Cl. 23);

–         
Christmas trees of synthetic material (Cl. 28).

CLASS 27

Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials
for covering existing floors;

wall hangings, not of textile.

Explanatory Note

Class 27 includes mainly products intended to be added as
coverings to previously constructed floors and walls.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
automobile carpets;

–          mats
being floor coverings, for example, bath mats, door mats, gymnastic
mats, yoga mats;

–         
artificial turf;

–         
wallpaper, including textile wallpaper.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          floors,
floorings and floor tiles of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal
(Cl. 19), wooden floor boards (Cl. 19);

–         
electrically heated carpets (Cl. 11);

–         
geotextiles (Cl. 19);

–          mats for
infant playpens (Cl. 20);

–          wall
hangings of textile (Cl. 24).

CLASS 28

Games, toys and playthings;

video game apparatus;

gymnastic and sporting articles;

decorations for Christmas trees.

Explanatory Note

Class 28 includes mainly toys, apparatus for playing games,
sports equipment, amusement and novelty items, as well as certain
articles for Christmas trees.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
amusement and game apparatus, including controllers therefor;

–          novelty
toys for playing jokes and for parties, for example, carnival
masks, paper party hats, confetti, party poppers and Christmas
crackers;

–          hunting
and fishing tackle, for example, fishing rods, landing nets for
anglers, decoys, hunting game calls;

–         
equipment for various sports and games.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
Christmas tree candles (Cl. 4), electric lights for Christmas
trees (Cl. 11), confectionery and chocolate decorations for
Christmas trees (Cl. 30);

–          diving
equipment (Cl. 9);

–          sex toys
and love dolls (Cl. 10);

–          clothing
for gymnastics and sports (Cl. 25);

–          certain
gymnastic and sporting articles, for example, protective helmets,
goggles and mouthguards for sports (Cl. 9), sporting firearms
(Cl. 13), gymnasium mats (Cl. 27), as well as certain
fishing and hunting equipment, for example, hunting knives,
harpoons (Cl. 8), hunting firearms (Cl. 13), fishing nets
(Cl. 22), that are classified according to other functions or
purposes.

CLASS 29

Meat, fish, poultry and game;

meat extracts;

preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables;

jellies, jams, compotes;

eggs;

milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and other milk products;

oils and fats for food.

Explanatory Note

Class 29 includes mainly foodstuffs of animal origin, as well as
vegetables and other horticultural comestible products which are
prepared or preserved for consumption.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          meat-,
fish-, fruit- or vegetable-based food;

–          edible
insects;

–          milk
beverages with milk predominating;

–          milk
substitutes, for example, almond milk, coconut milk, peanut milk,
rice milk, soya milk;

–         
preserved mushrooms;

–          pulses
and nuts prepared for human consumption;

–          seeds
prepared for human consumption, not being seasonings or
flavourings.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          oils and
fats, other than for food, for example, essential oils
(Cl. 3), industrial oil (Cl. 4), castor oil for medical
purposes (Cl. 5);

–          baby
food (Cl. 5);

–          dietetic
food and substances adapted for medical use (Cl. 5);

–          dietary
supplements (Cl. 5);

–          salad
dressings (Cl. 30);

–         
processed seeds for use as a seasoning (Cl. 30);

–         
chocolate-coated nuts (Cl. 30);

–          fresh
and unprocessed fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds
(Cl. 31);

–         
foodstuffs for animals (Cl. 31);

–          live
animals (Cl. 31);

–          seeds
for planting (Cl. 31).

CLASS 30

Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee;

rice, pasta and noodles;

tapioca and sago;

flour and preparations made from cereals;

bread, pastries and confectionery;

chocolate;

ice cream, sorbets and other edible ices;

sugar, honey, treacle;

yeast, baking-powder;

salt, seasonings, spices, preserved herbs;

vinegar, sauces and other condiments;

ice (frozen water).

Explanatory Note

Class 30 includes mainly foodstuffs of plant origin, except
fruits and vegetables, prepared or preserved for consumption, as
well as auxiliaries intended for the improvement of the flavour of
food.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base;

–          cereals
prepared for human consumption, for example, oat flakes, corn
chips, husked barley, bulgur, muesli;

–          pizza,
pies, sandwiches;

–         
chocolate-coated nuts;

–         
flavourings, other than essential oils, for food or beverages.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          salt for
industrial purposes (Cl. 1);

–          food or
beverage flavourings being essential oils (Cl. 3);

–         
medicinal teas and dietetic food and substances adapted for medical
use (Cl. 5);

–          baby
food (Cl. 5);

–          dietary
supplements (Cl. 5);

–          yeast
for pharmaceutical purposes (Cl. 5), yeast for animal
consumption (Cl. 31);

–          milk
beverages flavoured with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea
(Cl. 29);

–          soups,
bouillon (Cl. 29);

–          raw
cereals (Cl. 31);

–          fresh
herbs (Cl. 31);

–         
foodstuffs for animals (Cl. 31).

CLASS 31

Raw and unprocessed agricultural, aquacultural, horticultural
and forestry products;

raw and unprocessed grains and seeds;

fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs;

natural plants and flowers;

bulbs, seedlings and seeds for planting;

live animals;

foodstuffs and beverages for animals;

malt.

Explanatory Note

Class 31 includes mainly land and sea products not having been
subjected to any form of preparation for consumption, live animals
and plants, as well as foodstuffs for animals.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
unprocessed cereals;

–          fresh
fruits and vegetables, even after washing or waxing;

–          plant
residue;

–         
unprocessed algae;

–          unsawn
timber;

–         
fertilised eggs for hatching;

–          fresh
mushrooms and truffles;

–          litter
for animals, for example, aromatic sand, sanded paper for pets.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          cultures
of micro-organisms and leeches for medical purposes
(Cl. 5);

–          dietary
supplements for animals and medicated animal feed (Cl. 5);

–         
semi-worked woods (Cl. 19);

–         
artificial fishing bait (Cl. 28);

–          rice
(Cl. 30);

–          tobacco
(Cl. 34).

CLASS 32

Beers;

non-alcoholic beverages;

mineral and aerated waters;

fruit beverages and fruit juices;

syrups and other non-alcoholic preparations for making
beverages.

Explanatory Note

Class 32 includes mainly non-alcoholic beverages, as well as
beer.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
de-alcoholised beverages;

–          soft
drinks;

–         
rice-based and soya-based beverages, other than milk
substitutes;

–          energy
drinks, isotonic beverages, protein-enriched sports beverages;

–         
non-alcoholic essences and fruit extracts for making beverages.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
flavourings for beverages being essential oils (Cl. 3) or
other than essential oils (Cl. 30);

–          dietetic
beverages adapted for medical purposes (Cl. 5);

–          milk
beverages with milk predominating, milk shakes (Cl. 29);

–          milk
substitutes, for example, almond milk, coconut milk, peanut milk,
rice milk, soya milk (Cl. 29);

–          lemon
juice for culinary purposes, tomato juice for cooking
(Cl. 29);

–         
beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base
(Cl. 30);

–         
beverages for pets (Cl. 31);

–         
alcoholic beverages, except beer (Cl. 33).

CLASS 33

Alcoholic beverages, except beers;

alcoholic preparations for making beverages.

Explanatory Note

Class 33 includes mainly alcoholic beverages, essences and
extracts.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          wines,
fortified wines;

–         
alcoholic cider, perry;

–          spirits,
liqueurs;

–         
alcoholic essences, alcoholic fruit extracts, bitters.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
medicinal beverages (Cl. 5);

–         
de-alcoholised beverages (Cl. 32);

–          beers
(Cl. 32);

–         
non-alcoholic mixers used to make alcoholic beverages, for example,
soft drinks, soda water (Cl. 32).

CLASS 34

Tobacco and tobacco substitutes;

cigarettes and cigars;

electronic cigarettes and oral vaporizers for smokers;

smokers’ articles;

matches.

Explanatory Note

Class 34 includes mainly tobacco and articles used for smoking,
as well as certain accessories and containers related to their
use.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          tobacco
substitutes, not for medical purposes;

–         
flavourings, other than essential oils, for use in electronic
cigarettes, oral vaporizers for smokers;

–          herbs
for smoking;

–         
snuff;

–          certain
accessories and containers related to the use of tobacco and
articles for smoking, for example, lighters for smokers, ashtrays
for smokers, tobacco jars, snuff boxes, cigar humidors.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
tobacco-free cigarettes for medical purposes (Cl. 5);

–         
batteries and chargers for electronic cigarettes (Cl. 9);

–          ashtrays
for automobiles (Cl. 12).

S E R V I C E S

CLASS 35

Advertising;

business management, organization and administration;

office functions.

Explanatory Note

Class 35 includes mainly services rendered by persons or
organizations principally with the object of:

  1. help in the working or management of a commercial undertaking,
    or
  2. help in the management of the business affairs or commercial
    functions of an industrial or commercial enterprise,

as well as services rendered by advertising establishments
primarily undertaking communications to the public, declarations or
announcements by all means of diffusion and concerning all kinds of
goods or services.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          the
bringing together, for the benefit of others, of a variety of
goods, excluding the transport thereof, enabling customers to
conveniently view and purchase those goods;  such services may
be provided by retail stores, wholesale outlets, through vending
machines, mail order catalogues or by means of electronic media,
for example, through web sites or television shopping
programmes;

–         
advertising, marketing and promotional services, for example,
distribution of samples, development of advertising concepts,
writing and publication of publicity texts;

–          shop
window dressing;

–          public
relations services;

–         
production of teleshopping programmes;

–         
organization of trade fairs and exhibitions for commercial or
advertising purposes;

–          search
engine optimization for sales promotion;

–         
commercial assistance services, for example, personnel recruitment,
negotiation of business contracts for others, cost price analysis,
import-export agency services;

–         
administration services relating to business transactions and
financial records, for example, book-keeping, drawing up of
statements of accounts, business and financial auditing, business
appraisals, tax preparation and filing services;

–         
commercial administration of the licensing of the goods and
services of others;

–          services
consisting of the registration, transcription, composition,
compilation or systematization of written communications and
registrations, and also the compilation of mathematical or
statistical data;

–          office
functions, for example, appointment scheduling and reminder
services, data search in computer files for others, computerized
file management, telephone switchboard services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

 

–         
financial services, for example, financial analysis, financial
management, financial sponsorship (Cl. 36);

–          real
estate management (Cl. 36);

–          stock
brokerage services (Cl. 36);

–         
transportation logistics (Cl. 39);

–          energy
auditing (Cl. 42);

–          graphic
design of promotional materials (Cl. 42);

–          legal
services in relation to the negotiation of contracts for others
(Cl. 45);

–         
licensing of intellectual property, legal administration of
licences, copyright management (Cl. 45);

–         
registration of domain names (Cl. 45).

CLASS 36

Financial, monetary and banking services;

insurance services;

real estate affairs.

Explanatory Note

Class 36 includes mainly services relating to banking and other
financial transactions, financial valuation services, as well as
insurance and real estate activities.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
financial transaction and payment services, for example, exchanging
money, electronic funds transfer, processing of credit card and
debit card payments, issuance of travellers’ cheques;

–         
financial management and research;

–         
financial appraisals, for example, jewellery, art and real estate
appraisal, repair costs evaluation;

–          cheque
verification;

–         
financing and credit services, for example, loans, issuance of
credit cards, hire- or lease-purchase financing;

–         
crowdfunding;

–          safe
deposit services;

–         
financial sponsorship;

–          real
estate agency services, real estate management, rental of
apartments, rent collection;

–         
insurance underwriting, actuarial services;

–         
brokerage services, for example, securities, insurance and real
estate brokerage, brokerage of carbon credits, pawnbrokerage.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
administration services relating to business transactions and
financial records, for example, book-keeping, drawing up of
statements of accounts, business and financial auditing, business
appraisals, tax preparation and filing services (Cl. 35);

–         
sponsorship search, promotion of goods and services through
sponsorship of sports events (Cl. 35);

–          cash
replenishment of automated teller machines (Cl. 39);

–          freight
brokerage, transport brokerage (Cl. 39);

–          quality
evaluation of wool and standing timber (Cl. 42).

CLASS 37

Construction services;

installation and repair services;

mining extraction, oil and gas drilling.

Explanatory Note

Class 37 includes mainly services in the field of construction,
as well as services involving the restoration of objects to their
original condition or their preservation without altering their
physical or chemical properties.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
construction and demolition of buildings, roads, bridges, dams or
transmission lines, as well as services in the field of
construction, for example, interior and exterior painting,
plastering, plumbing, heating equipment installation, and
roofing;

–         
shipbuilding;

–          rental
of construction tools, machines and equipment, for example, rental
of bulldozers, rental of cranes;

–          various
repair services, for example, those in the fields of electricity,
computer hardware, furniture, instruments, tools;

–          various
restoration services, for example, building restoration, furniture
restoration and restoration of works of art;

–         
maintenance services for preserving an object in its original
condition without changing any of its properties;

–          cleaning
of different objects, for example, windows, vehicles, clothing, as
well as the laundering and pressing of clothing.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          physical
storage of goods (Cl. 39);

–         
transformation of an object or substance that involves a process of
change in its essential properties, for example, the cutting,
dyeing, fireproofing of cloth (Cl. 40), the casting, plating,
treating of metal (Cl. 40), custom tailoring, dressmaking,
embroidering (Cl. 40), food and drink preservation (Cl. 40);

–         
installation, maintenance and updating of computer software (Cl.
42), creation and hosting of web sites (Cl. 42);

–         
construction drafting and architectural services (Cl. 42).

CLASS 38

Telecommunications services.

Explanatory Note

Class 38 includes mainly services that allow at least one party
to communicate with another, as well as services for the
broadcasting and transmission of data.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
transmission of digital files and electronic mail;

–         
providing user access to global computer networks;

–          radio
and television broadcasting;

–         
video-on-demand transmission;

–         
providing internet chatrooms and online forums;

–         
telephone and voice mail services;

–         
teleconferencing and videoconferencing services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          radio
advertising (Cl. 35);

–         
telemarketing services (Cl. 35);

–          content
or subject matter that may be contained in the communication
activity, for example, downloadable image files (Cl. 9), providing
business information via a web site (Cl. 35), providing films and
television programmes, not downloadable, via video-on-demand
services (Cl. 41);

–          services
conducted using telecommunication connections, for example, online
retail services for downloadable digital music (Cl. 35), online
banking (Cl. 36);

–         
production of radio and television programmes (Cl. 41);

–         
telecommunications technology consultancy (Cl. 42);

–          online
social networking services (Cl. 45).

CLASS 39

Transport;

packaging and storage of goods;

travel arrangement.

Explanatory Note

Class 39 includes mainly services for the transport of people,
animals or goods from one place to another by rail, road, water,
air or pipeline and services necessarily connected with such
transport, as well as the storing of goods in any kind of storage
facility, warehouses or other types of building for their
preservation or guarding.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
operation of stations, bridges, railways, ferries and other
transport facilities;

–          rental
of vehicles for transportation, as well as chauffeuring and
piloting services;

–          rental
services related to transport, storage and travel, for example,
parking place rental, garage rental, rental of storage
containers;

–         
operation of maritime tugs, unloading, operation of ports and
docks, and salvaging of wrecked ships and their cargoes;

–         
packaging, bottling, wrapping and delivering of goods;

–         
replenishing vending machines and automated teller machines;

–          services
for providing information about journeys or the transport of goods
by brokers and tourist agencies, as well as for providing
information relating to tariffs, timetables and methods of
transport;

–         
inspection of vehicles or goods for the purpose of transport;

–         
distribution of energy and electricity, as well as distribution and
supply of water.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
advertising travel or transport (Cl. 35);

–         
insurance services during the transport of people or goods
(Cl. 36);

–         
maintenance and repair of vehicles or other items connected with
the transport of people or goods (Cl. 37);

–         
conducting guided tours (Cl. 41);

–         
electronic data storage (Cl. 42);

–         
reservation of hotel rooms or other temporary accommodation by
travel agents or brokers (Cl. 43).

CLASS 40

Treatment of materials;

recycling of waste and trash;

air purification and treatment of water;

printing services;

food and drink preservation.

Explanatory Note

Class 40 includes mainly services rendered by the mechanical or
chemical processing, transformation or production of objects or
inorganic or organic substances, including custom manufacturing
services.  For the purposes of classification, the production
or manufacturing of goods is considered a service only in cases
where it is effected for the account of another person to their
order and specification.  If the production or manufacturing
is not being performed to fulfil an order for goods which meet the
customer’s particular needs, requirements, or specifications, then
it is generally ancillary to the maker’s primary commercial
activity or goods in trade.  If the substance or object is
marketed to third parties by the person who processed, transformed
or produced it, then this would generally not be considered a
service.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
transformation of an object or substance and any process involving
a change in its essential properties, for example, dyeing a
garment;  such transformation services are also classified in
Class 40 if they are provided in the framework of repair or
maintenance work, for example, chromium plating of motor vehicle
bumpers;

–          services
of material treatment which may be present during the production of
any substance or object other than a building, for example,
services which involve cutting, shaping, polishing by abrasion or
metal coating;

–          joining
of materials, for example, soldering or welding;

–         
processing and treatment of foodstuffs, for example, fruit
crushing, flour milling, food and drink preservation, food smoking,
freezing of foods;

–          custom
manufacturing of goods to the order and specification of others
(bearing in mind that certain offices require that the goods
produced be indicated), for example, custom manufacturing of
automobiles;

–          services
of a dental technician;

–         
quilting, embroidering, custom tailoring, textile dyeing, applying
finishes to textiles.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          services
that do not entail a change in the essential properties of the
object or substance, for example, furniture maintenance or repair
services (Cl. 37);

–          services
in the field of construction, for example, painting and plastering
(Cl. 37);

–          cleaning
services, for example, laundering, window cleaning, cleaning of
interior and exterior surfaces of buildings (Cl. 37);

–         
rustproofing, for example, anti-rust treatment for vehicles (Cl.
37);

–          certain
customization services, for example, the custom painting of
automobiles (Cl. 37);

–         
decorating of food, food sculpting (Cl. 43).

CLASS 41

Education;

providing of training;

entertainment;

sporting and cultural activities.

Explanatory Note

Class 41 includes mainly services consisting of all forms of
education or training, services having the basic aim of the
entertainment, amusement or recreation of people, as well as the
presentation of works of visual art or literature to the public for
cultural or educational purposes.

This Class includes, in
particular:

 

–         
organization of exhibitions for cultural or educational purposes,
arranging and conducting of conferences, congresses and
symposiums;

–         
translation and language interpretation services;

–         
publication of books and texts, other than publicity texts;

–          news
reporters services, photographic reporting;

–         
photography;

–          film
direction and production services, other than for advertising
films;

–         
cultural, educational or entertainment services provided by
amusement parks, circuses, zoos, art galleries and museums;

–          sports
and fitness training services;

–          training
of animals;

–          online
gaming services;

–          gambling
services, organization of lotteries;

–          ticket
reservation and booking services for entertainment, educational and
sporting events;

–          certain
writing services, for example, screenplay writing, songwriting.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
organization of exhibitions for commercial or advertising purposes
(Cl. 35);

–          writing
and publication of publicity texts (Cl. 35);

–          news
agency services (Cl. 38);

–          radio
and television broadcasting (Cl. 38);

–         
videoconferencing services (Cl. 38);

–         
technical writing (Cl. 42);

–          day
nursery and crèche services (Cl. 43);

–          health
spa services (Cl. 44);

–          planning
and arranging wedding ceremonies (Cl. 45).

CLASS 42

Scientific and technological services and research and design
relating thereto;

industrial analysis, industrial research and industrial design
services;

quality control and authentication services;

design and development of computer hardware and software.

Explanatory Note

Class 42 includes mainly services provided by persons in
relation to the theoretical and practical aspects of complex fields
of activities, for example, scientific laboratory services,
engineering, computer programming, architectural services or
interior design.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          services
of engineers and scientists who undertake evaluations, estimates,
research and reports in the scientific and technological fields,
including technological consultancy;

–          computer
and technology services for securing computer data and personal and
financial information and for the detection of unauthorized access
to data and information, for example, computer virus protection
services, data encryption services, electronic monitoring of
personally identifying information to detect identity theft via the
internet;

–          software
as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS);

–         
scientific research services for medical purposes;

–         
architectural and urban planning services;

–          certain
design services, for example, industrial design, design of computer
software and systems, interior design, packaging design, graphic
arts design, dress designing;

–         
surveying;

–          oil, gas
and mining exploration services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          certain
research services, for example, business research (Cl. 35),
marketing research (Cl. 35), financial research (Cl. 36),
genealogical research (Cl. 45), legal research (Cl. 45);

–          business
auditing (Cl. 35);

–          computer
file management services (Cl. 35);

–         
financial evaluation services (Cl. 36);

–          mining
extraction, oil and gas drilling (Cl. 37);

–         
installation, maintenance and repair of computer hardware
(Cl. 37);

–          sound
engineering services (Cl. 41);

–          certain
design services, for example, landscape design (Cl. 44);

–          medical
and veterinary services (Cl. 44);

–          legal
services (Cl. 45).

CLASS 43

Services for providing food and drink;

temporary accommodation.

Explanatory Note

Class 43 includes mainly services provided in relation to the
preparation of food and drink for consumption, as well as services
for providing temporary accommodation.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
temporary accommodation reservations, for example, hotel
reservations;

–          boarding
for animals;

–          rental
of meeting rooms, tents and transportable buildings;

–         
retirement home services;

–         
day-nursery and crèche services;

–         
decorating of food, food sculpting;

–          rental
of cooking apparatus;

–          rental
of chairs, tables, table linen, glassware;

–          hookah
lounge services;

–          personal
chef services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          rental
services for real estate such as houses, flats, etc., for permanent
use (Cl. 36);

–         
arranging travel by tourist agencies (Cl. 39);

–         
preservation services for food and drink (Cl. 40);

–         
discotheque services (Cl. 41);

–          boarding
schools (Cl. 41);

–          rest and
convalescent homes (Cl. 44).

CLASS 44

Medical services;

veterinary services;

hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals;

agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry
services.

Explanatory Note

Class 44 includes mainly medical care, including alternative
medicine, hygienic and beauty care given by persons or
establishments to human beings and animals, as well as services
relating to the fields of agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture
and forestry.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          hospital
services;

–         
telemedicine services;

–         
dentistry, optometry and mental health services;

–          medical
clinic services and medical analysis services for diagnostic and
treatment purposes provided by medical laboratories, such as x-ray
examinations and taking of blood samples;

–          therapy
services, for example, physiotherapy and speech therapy;

–          pharmacy
advice and preparation of prescriptions by pharmacists;

–          blood
bank and human tissue bank services;

–         
convalescent home and rest home services;

–          dietary
and nutritional advice;

–          health
spa services;

–         
artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization services;

–          animal
breeding;

–          animal
grooming;

–          body
piercing and tattooing;

–          services
relating to gardening, for example, plant nursery services,
landscape design, landscape gardening, lawn care;

–          services
relating to floral art, for example, flower arranging, wreath
making;

–          weed
killing, vermin and pest control for agriculture, aquaculture,
horticulture and forestry.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          vermin
and pest control, other than for agriculture, aquaculture,
horticulture and forestry (Cl. 37);

–         
installation and repair services for irrigation devices
(Cl. 37);

–         
ambulance transport (Cl. 39);

–         
slaughtering of animals and taxidermy (Cl. 40);

–          timber
felling and processing (Cl. 40);

–          animal
training services (Cl. 41);

–          health
clubs for physical exercise (Cl. 41);

–         
scientific research services for medical purposes
(Cl. 42);

–          boarding
for animals (Cl. 43);

–         
retirement homes (Cl. 43);

–          funerary
undertaking (Cl. 45).

CLASS 45

Legal services;

security services for the physical protection of tangible
property and individuals;

personal and social services rendered by others to meet the
needs of individuals.

Explanatory Note

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          services
rendered by lawyers, legal assistants, and personal advocates, to
individuals, groups of individuals, organizations and
enterprises;

–         
investigation and surveillance services relating to the physical
safety of persons and security of tangible property;

–          services
provided to individuals in relation with social events, such as
social escort services, matrimonial agencies, funeral services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
professional services giving direct aid in the operations or
functions of a commercial undertaking (Cl. 35);

–          services
relating to financial or monetary affairs and services dealing with
insurance (Cl. 36);

–         
escorting of travellers (Cl. 39);

–          security
transport (Cl. 39);

–          services
consisting of all forms of education of persons (Cl. 41);

–         
performances of singers or dancers (Cl. 41);

–          computer
programming services for the protection of software
(Cl. 42);

–          computer
and internet security consultancy and data encryption services
(Cl. 42);

–          services
provided by others to give medical, hygienic or beauty care for
human beings or animals (Cl. 44);

–          certain
rental services (consult the Alphabetical List of Services and
General Remark (b) relating to the classification of services).

Conclusion:

Trade marks are good assets for individuals, groups and
businesses. A trade mark can be registered under any of the 45
available classes for trade marks. Registering a trade mark under
the correct classes gives a better protection and value. It is wise
to always engage the services of a lawyer in order to be advised on
the correct classes and the registerability of a mark.

My authorities, are:

  1. Sections 1, 2, 3, 16, 318 and 319 of the Constitution of
    Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999.
  2. Sections 1, 2, 5, 6 and 24 of Copyright Act, 1988.
  3. Section 1, 2, 3, 22 and 23 of the Trademark Act, 1967
  4. Section 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 20 of the Patent and
    Designs Act, 1971.
  5. WIPO, “Nice Classification” <https://www.wipo.int/classifications/nice/en/[1]>
  6. Sean Stonefield, “The 10 Most Valuable Trademarks” (Forbes, 15
    June 2011) <https://www.forbes.com/sites/seanstonefield/2011/06/15/the-10-most-valuable-trademarks/?sh=501cf59436b8[2]> accessed 9 March
    2021
  7. Onyekachi Umah, “Duration of Intellectual Properties In
    Nigeria” (com[3], 16 November 2020)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/duration-of-intellectual-properties-in-nigeria/[4]> accessed 9 March
    2021.
  8. Onyekachi Umah, “Registration of Trademarks In Nigeria”
    (com[5], 11 March 2016)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/registration-of-trade-marks/[6]> accessed 16 November
    2020.
  9. Onyekachi Umah, “Nigerian Businesses and the Need for
    Corporate, Copyrights, Trade Marks, Industrial Designs and Patents
    Registrations” (com[7], 19 July 2018)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Nigerian_Businesses_and_the_Need_for_Corporate_Copyrights_Trade_Marks_Industrial_Designs_and_Patents.pdf[8]
    > accessed 16 November 2020.
  10. Onyekachi Umah, “Copyright, Trademark, Industrial Designs &
    Patent Registration; Prospects For Lawyers In Nigeria” (com[9], 30 July 2018)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/copyright-trademark-industrial-designs-patent-registration-prospects-for-lawyers-in-nigeria-pdf/[10] > accessed 16
    November 2020
  11. Onyekachi Umah, “Duration of Copyrights In Nigeria” (com[11], 4 October 2018)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/daily-law-tips-by-onyekachi-umah-esq-tip-198-duration-of-copyrights-in-nigeria/[12] > accessed 16
    November 2020.
  12. Onyekachi Umah, “Every Work That Is Eligible For Copyright In
    Nigeria Is Conferred Copyright Even Without A Registration”
    (com[13], 6 September 2018)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/daily-law-tips-by-onyekachi-umah-esq-tip-178-every-work-that-is-eligible-for-copyright-in-nigeria-is-conferred-copyright-even-without-a-registration/[14] > accessed 16
    November 2020

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Daily Law Tips (Tip 753) by Onyekachi Umah, Esq., LL.M,
ACIArb(UK)

image

Introduction:  

image

According to Forbes, ten most expensive trademarks, include;
Google valued at $44.3 billion, Microsoft valued at $42.8 billion,
Walmart valued at $36.2 billion, IBM valued at $36.2 billion,
Vodafone valued at $30.7 billion, Apple valued at $29.5 billion.
While most Nigerians focus on landed property, money in the bank
and jewelries, there is a huge asset in intellectual property, that
need little or no management/running cost. For example, aside
running a successful legal awareness platform; “Sabi Law”, the
owners of the brand can lease the name to any person for a fee. So,
a name/mark, can be a cash cow for some businesses/individuals. It
is part of franchise that can be sold or leased. This is seen in
all sectors; hotel, entertainments, real estate, chains of
supermarkets, consultancy firms and medicals.

When a trade mark is registered, no other person can use the
mark in the concerned class, without a written permission of the
owner and such permission comes only after payment of fees to the
owner. Any attempt to use a registered mark without permission or
to use a similar name is a civil wrong and a criminal offence. This
is the simple explanation of the intellectual property system that
fetches trillions of dollars for people around the world. It is
soft work and covers copyright, trade mark, patent and designs.

2021 Nice Agreement Classification of Goods and Services:

Trade Mark is a distinctive sign, mark, symbol or indicator
which distinguishes goods and services of an enterprise
(individual, company) or any legal entity from those of others in a
given class. It could be in the form of words, letters, numbers,
drawings, shapes, labels, colours, pictures or combination of all
or some of the above elements.

To ensure international uniformity in the classification of
trade marks across the world, there is an international
classification of goods and services for the registration of marks.
The Nice Agreement, concluded at Nice in 1957, revised at
Stockholm in 1967 and at Geneva in 1977, and amended
in 1979, establishes a classification of goods and services
for the purposes of registering trademarks and service marks (the
Nice Classification). The Nice Classification groups similar goods
and services into same class and there are 45 different classes.
Goods are listed in classes 1 to 34 and Services are listed in
classes 35 to 45.

The trademark offices of Contracting States are to indicate, in
official documents and publications in connection with each
registration, the numbers of the classes of the Classification to
which the goods or services for which the mark is registered
belong. Nigeria is a Contracting State under the Nice Agreement
Concerning the International Classification of Goods and
Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks
(1957).
A new edition of Nice Classification is published
every five years and, since 2013, a new version of each edition is
published annually. The most recent edition and version are
the 11th Edition, Version 2021 and its details are below;

CLASS HEADINGS

GOODS

Class  1 Chemicals for use in industry, science
and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and
forestry;  unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed
plastics;  fire extinguishing and fire prevention
compositions;  tempering and soldering preparations; 
substances for tanning animal skins and hides;  adhesives for
use in industry;  putties and other paste fillers; 
compost, manures, fertilizers;  biological preparations for
use in industry and science

Class  2 Paints, varnishes, lacquers;
 preservatives against rust and against deterioration of
wood;  colorants, dyes;  inks for printing, marking and
engraving;  raw natural resins;  metals in foil and
powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art

Class  3 Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry
preparations;  non-medicated dentifrices;  perfumery,
essential oils;  bleaching preparations and other substances
for laundry use;  cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive
preparations

Class  4 Industrial oils and greases, wax; 
lubricants;  dust absorbing, wetting and binding
compositions;  fuels and illuminants;  candles and wicks
for lighting

Class  5 Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary
preparations;  sanitary preparations for medical
purposes;  dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or
veterinary use, food for babies;  dietary supplements for
human beings and animals;  plasters, materials for
dressings;  material for stopping teeth, dental wax; 
disinfectants;  preparations for destroying vermin; 
fungicides, herbicides

Class  6 Common metals and their alloys,
ores;  metal materials for building and construction; 
transportable buildings of metal;  non-electric cables and
wires of common metal;  small items of metal hardware; 
metal containers for storage or transport;  safes

Class  7 Machines, machine tools, power-operated
tools;  motors and engines, except for land vehicles; 
machine coupling and transmission components, except for land
vehicles;  agricultural implements, other than hand-operated
hand tools;  incubators for eggs;  automatic vending
machines

Class  8 Hand tools and implements,
hand-operated;  cutlery;  side arms, except
firearms;  razors

Class  9 Scientific, research, navigation,
surveying, photographic, cinematographic, audiovisual, optical,
weighing, measuring, signalling, detecting, testing, inspecting,
life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments;  apparatus
and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming,
accumulating, regulating or controlling the distribution or use of
electricity;  apparatus and instruments for recording,
transmitting, reproducing or processing sound, images or
data;  recorded and downloadable media, computer software,
blank digital or analogue recording and storage media; 
mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus;  cash registers,
calculating devices;  computers and computer peripheral
devices;  diving suits, divers’ masks, ear plugs for divers,
nose clips for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing
apparatus for underwater swimming;  fire-extinguishing
apparatus

Class
10
          
Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and
instruments;  artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; 
orthopaedic articles;  suture materials;  therapeutic and
assistive devices adapted for persons with disabilities; 
massage apparatus;  apparatus, devices and articles for
nursing infants;  sexual activity apparatus, devices and
articles

Class
11
          
Apparatus and installations for lighting, heating, cooling, steam
generating, cooking, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary
purposes

Class
12
          
Vehicles;  apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water

Class
13
          
Firearms;  ammunition and projectiles;  explosives; 
fireworks

Class
14
          
Precious metals and their alloys;  jewellery, precious and
semi-precious stones;  horological and chronometric
instruments

Class
15
          
Musical instruments;  music stands and stands for musical
instruments;  conductors’ batons

Class
16
          
Paper and cardboard;  printed matter;  bookbinding
material;  photographs;  stationery and office
requisites, except furniture;  adhesives for stationery or
household purposes;  drawing materials and materials for
artists;  paintbrushes;  instructional and teaching
materials;  plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and
packaging;  printers’ type, printing blocks

Class
17
          
Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos,
mica and substitutes for all these materials;  plastics and
resins in extruded form for use in manufacture;  packing,
stopping and insulating materials;  flexible pipes, tubes and
hoses, not of metal

Class
18
          
Leather and imitations of leather;  animal skins and
hides;  luggage and carrying bags;  umbrellas and
parasols;  walking sticks;  whips, harness and
saddlery;  collars, leashes and clothing for animals

Class
19
          
Materials, not of metal, for building and construction;  rigid
pipes, not of metal, for building;  asphalt, pitch, tar and
bitumen;  transportable buildings, not of metal; 
monuments, not of metal

Class
20
          
Furniture, mirrors, picture frames;  containers, not of metal,
for storage or transport;  unworked or semi-worked bone, horn,
whalebone or mother-of-pearl;  shells;  meerschaum; 
yellow amber

Class
21
          
Household or kitchen utensils and containers;  cookware and
tableware, except forks, knives and spoons;  combs and
sponges;  brushes, except paintbrushes;  brush-making
materials;  articles for cleaning purposes;  unworked or
semi-worked glass, except building glass;  glassware,
porcelain and earthenware

Class
22
          
Ropes and string;  nets;  tents and tarpaulins; 
awnings of textile or synthetic materials;  sails;  sacks
for the transport and storage of materials in bulk;  padding,
cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper, cardboard,
rubber or plastics;  raw fibrous textile materials and
substitutes therefor

Class
23
          
Yarns and threads for textile use

Class
24
          
Textiles and substitutes for textiles;  household linen; 
curtains of textile or plastic

Class
25
          
Clothing, footwear, headwear

Class
26
          
Lace, braid and embroidery, and haberdashery ribbons and
bows;  buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; 
artificial flowers;  hair decorations;  false hair

Class
27
          
Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for
covering existing floors;  wall hangings, not of textile

Class
28
          
Games, toys and playthings;  video game apparatus; 
gymnastic and sporting articles;  decorations for Christmas
trees

Class
29
          
Meat, fish, poultry and game;  meat extracts;  preserved,
frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables;  jellies,
jams, compotes;  eggs;  milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and
other milk products;  oils and fats for food

Class
30
          
Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee;  rice, pasta and
noodles;  tapioca and sago;  flour and preparations made
from cereals;  bread, pastries and confectionery; 
chocolate;  ice cream, sorbets and other edible ices; 
sugar, honey, treacle;  yeast, baking-powder;  salt,
seasonings, spices, preserved herbs;  vinegar, sauces and
other condiments;  ice (frozen water)

Class
31
          
Raw and unprocessed agricultural, aquacultural, horticultural and
forestry products;  raw and unprocessed grains and
seeds;  fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs; 
natural plants and flowers;  bulbs, seedlings and seeds for
planting;  live animals;  foodstuffs and beverages for
animals;  malt

Class
32
          
Beers;  non-alcoholic beverages;  mineral and aerated
waters;  fruit beverages and fruit juices;  syrups and
other non-alcoholic preparations for making beverages

Class
33
          
Alcoholic beverages, except beers;  alcoholic preparations for
making beverages

Class
34
          
Tobacco and tobacco substitutes;  cigarettes and cigars; 
electronic cigarettes and oral vaporizers for smokers; 
smokers’ articles;  matches

SERVICES

Class
35
          
Advertising;  business management, organization and
administration;  office functions

Class
36
          
Financial, monetary and banking services;  insurance
services;  real estate affairs

Class
37
          
Construction services;  installation and repair
services;  mining extraction, oil and gas drilling

Class
38
          
Telecommunications services

Class
39
          
Transport;  packaging and storage of goods;  travel
arrangement

Class
40
          
Treatment of materials;  recycling of waste and trash; 
air purification and treatment of water;  printing
services;  food and drink preservation

Class
41
          
Education;  providing of training;  entertainment; 
sporting and cultural activities

Class
42
          
Scientific and technological services and research and design
relating thereto;  industrial analysis, industrial research
and industrial design services;  quality control and
authentication services;  design and development of computer
hardware and software

Class
43
          
Services for providing food and drink;  temporary
accommodation

Class
44
          
Medical services;  veterinary services;  hygienic and
beauty care for human beings or animals;  agriculture,
aquaculture, horticulture and forestry services

Class
45          

Legal services;  security services for the physical protection
of tangible property and individuals;  personal and social
services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals

LIST OF CLASSES, WITH EXPLANATORY
NOTES

G O O D S

CLASS 1

Chemicals for use in industry, science and photography, as well
as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry;

unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics;

fire extinguishing and fire prevention compositions;

tempering and soldering preparations;

substances for tanning animal skins and hides;

adhesives for use in industry;

putties and other paste fillers;

compost, manures, fertilizers;

biological preparations for use in industry and science.

Explanatory Note

Class 1 includes mainly chemical products for use in industry,
science and agriculture, including those which go to the making of
products belonging to other classes.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
sensitized paper;

–          tyre
repairing compositions;

–          salt for
preserving, other than for foodstuffs;

–          certain
additives for use in the food industry, for example, pectin,
lecithin, enzymes and chemical preservatives;

–          certain
ingredients for use in the manufacture of cosmetics and
pharmaceuticals, for example, vitamins, preservatives and
antioxidants;

–          certain
filtering materials, for example, mineral substances, vegetable
substances and ceramic materials in particulate form.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          raw
natural resins (Cl. 2), semi-processed resins
(Cl. 17);

–          chemical
preparations for medical or veterinary purposes (Cl. 5);

–         
fungicides, herbicides and preparations for destroying vermin
(Cl. 5);

–         
adhesives for stationery or household purposes (Cl. 16);

–          salt for
preserving foodstuffs (Cl. 30);

–          straw
mulch (Cl. 31).

CLASS 2

Paints, varnishes, lacquers;

preservatives against rust and against deterioration of
wood;

colorants, dyes;

inks for printing, marking and engraving;

raw natural resins;

metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating,
printing and art.

Explanatory Note

Class 2 includes mainly paints, colorants and preparations used
for protection against corrosion.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          paints,
varnishes and lacquers for industry, handicrafts and arts;

–         
thinners, thickeners, fixatives and siccatives for paints,
varnishes and lacquers;

–          mordants
for wood and leather;

–         
anti-rust oils and oils for the preservation of wood;

–         
dyestuffs for clothing;

–         
colorants for foodstuffs and beverages.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
unprocessed artificial resins (Cl. 1), semi-processed resins
(Cl. 17);

–          mordants
for metals (Cl. 1);

–          laundry
blueing (Cl. 3);

–          cosmetic
dyes (Cl. 3);

–          paint
boxes (articles for use in school) (Cl. 16);

–          inks for
stationery purposes (Cl. 16);

–         
insulating paints and varnishes (Cl. 17).

CLASS 3

Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry preparations;

non-medicated dentifrices;

perfumery, essential oils;

bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use;

cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations.

Explanatory Note

Class 3 includes mainly non-medicated toiletry preparations, as
well as cleaning preparations for use in the home and other
environments.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          sanitary
preparations being toiletries;

–          tissues
impregnated with cosmetic lotions;

–         
deodorants for human beings or for animals;

–          room
fragrancing preparations;

–          nail art
stickers;

–         
polishing wax;

–         
sandpaper.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
ingredients for use in the manufacture of cosmetics, for example,
vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants (Cl. 1);

–         
degreasing preparations for use in manufacturing processes
(Cl. 1);

–          chemical
chimney cleaners (Cl. 1);

–         
deodorants, other than for human beings or for animals
(Cl. 5);

–         
medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices
(Cl. 5);

–          emery
boards, emery files, sharpening stones and grindstones (hand tools)
(Cl. 8);

–          cosmetic
and cleaning instruments, for example, make-up brushes
(Cl. 21), cloths, pads and rags for cleaning
(Cl. 21).

CLASS 4

Industrial oils and greases, wax;

lubricants;

dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions;

fuels and illuminants;

candles and wicks for lighting.

Explanatory Note

Class 4 includes mainly industrial oils and greases, fuels and
illuminants.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          oils for
the preservation of masonry or of leather;

–          raw wax,
industrial wax;

–         
electrical energy;

–          motor
fuels, biofuels;

–         
non-chemical additives for fuels;

–          wood for
use as fuel.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          certain
special industrial oils and greases, for example, oils for tanning
leather (Cl. 1), oils for the preservation of wood, anti-rust
oils and greases (Cl. 2), essential oils (Cl. 3);

–          massage
candles for cosmetic purposes (Cl. 3) and medicated massage
candles (Cl. 5);

–          certain
special waxes, for example, grafting wax for trees (Cl. 1),
tailors’ wax, polishing wax, depilatory wax (Cl. 3), dental
wax (Cl. 5), sealing wax (Cl. 16);

–          wicks
adapted for oil stoves (Cl. 11) and for cigarette lighters
(Cl. 34).

CLASS 5

Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations;

sanitary preparations for medical purposes;

dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary
use, food for babies;

dietary supplements for human beings and animals;

plasters, materials for dressings;

material for stopping teeth, dental wax;

disinfectants;

preparations for destroying vermin;

fungicides, herbicides.

Explanatory Note

Class 5 includes mainly pharmaceuticals and other preparations
for medical or veterinary purposes.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          sanitary
preparations for personal hygiene, other than toiletries;

–          diapers
for babies and for incontinence;

–         
deodorants, other than for human beings or for animals;

–         
medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices;

–          dietary
supplements intended to supplement a normal diet or to have health
benefits;

–          meal
replacements and dietetic food and beverages adapted for medical or
veterinary use.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
ingredients for use in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, for
example, vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants (Cl. 1);

–          sanitary
preparations being non-medicated toiletries (Cl. 3);

–         
deodorants for human beings or for animals (Cl. 3);

–          support
bandages, orthopaedic bandages (Cl. 10);

–          meal
replacements and dietetic food and beverages not specified as being
for medical or veterinary use, which should be classified in the
appropriate food or beverage classes, for example, low-fat potato
crisps (Cl. 29), high-protein cereal bars (Cl. 30),
isotonic beverages (Cl. 32).

CLASS 6

Common metals and their alloys, ores;

metal materials for building and construction;

transportable buildings of metal;

non-electric cables and wires of common metal;

small items of metal hardware;

metal containers for storage or transport;

safes.

Explanatory Note

Class 6 includes mainly unwrought and partly wrought common
metals, including ores, as well as certain goods made of common
metals.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          metals
in foil or powder form for further processing, for example, for 3D
printers;

–          metal
building materials, for example, materials of metal for railway
tracks, pipes and tubes of metal;

–          small
items of metal hardware, for example, bolts, screws, nails,
furniture casters, window fasteners;

–         
transportable buildings or structures of metal, for example,
prefabricated houses, swimming pools, cages for wild animals,
skating rinks;

–          certain
goods made of common metals not otherwise classified by function or
purpose, for example, all-purpose boxes of common metal, statues,
busts and works of art of common metal.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          metals
and ores used as chemicals in industry or scientific research for
their chemical properties, for example, bauxite, mercury, antimony,
alkaline and alkaline-earth metals (Cl. 1);

–          metals
in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing
and art (Cl. 2);

–          electric
cables (Cl. 9) and non-electric cables and ropes, not of metal
(Cl. 22);

–          pipes
being parts of sanitary installations (Cl. 11), flexible
pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal (Cl. 17) and rigid pipes,
not of metal (Cl. 19);

–          cages
for household pets (Cl. 21);

–          certain
goods made of common metals that are classified according to their
function or purpose, for example, hand tools, hand-operated
(Cl. 8), paper clips (Cl. 16), furniture (Cl. 20),
kitchen utensils (Cl. 21), household containers
(Cl. 21).

CLASS 7

Machines, machine tools, power-operated tools;

motors and engines, except for land vehicles;

machine coupling and transmission components, except for land
vehicles;

agricultural implements, other than hand-operated hand
tools;

incubators for eggs;

automatic vending machines.

Explanatory Note

Class 7 includes mainly machines and machine tools, motors and
engines.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          parts of
motors and engines of all kinds, for example, starters, mufflers
and cylinders for motors and engines of any type;

–          electric
cleaning and polishing apparatus, for example, electric shoe
polishers, electric machines and apparatus for carpet shampooing
and vacuum cleaners;

–          3D
printers;

–         
industrial robots;

–          certain
special vehicles not for transportation purposes, for example, road
sweeping machines, road making machines, bulldozers, snow ploughs,
as well as rubber tracks as parts of those vehicles’ crawlers.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          hand
tools and implements, hand-operated (Cl. 8);

–          humanoid
robots with artificial intelligence, laboratory robots, teaching
robots, security surveillance robots (Cl. 9), surgical robots
(Cl. 10), robotic cars (Cl. 12), robotic drums
(Cl. 15), toy robots (Cl. 28);

–          motors
and engines for land vehicles (Cl. 12);

–          treads
for vehicles and tractors (Cl. 12);

–          certain
special machines, for example, automated teller machines
(Cl. 9), respirators for artificial respiration (Cl. 10),
refrigerating apparatus and machines (Cl. 11).

CLASS 8

Hand tools and implements, hand-operated;

cutlery;

side arms, except firearms;

razors.

Explanatory Note

Class 8 includes mainly hand-operated tools and implements for
performing tasks, such as drilling, shaping, cutting and
piercing.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
hand-operated agricultural, gardening and landscaping tools;

–         
hand-operated tools for carpenters, artists and other
craftspersons, for example, hammers, chisels and gravers;

–          handles
for hand-operated hand tools, such as knives and scythes;

–          electric
and non-electric hand implements for personal grooming and body
art, for example, razors, implements for hair curling, tattooing,
and for manicure and pedicure;

–         
hand-operated pumps;

–          table
cutlery, such as knives, forks and spoons, including those made of
precious metals.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          machine
tools and implements driven by a motor (Cl. 7);

–          surgical
cutlery (Cl. 10);

–          pumps
for bicycle tyres (Cl. 12), pumps specially adapted for use
with balls for games (Cl. 28);

–          side
arms being firearms (Cl. 13);

–          paper
knives and paper shredders for office use (Cl. 16);

–          handles
for objects that are classified in various classes according to
their function or purpose, for example, walking stick handles,
umbrella handles (Cl. 18), broom handles (Cl. 21);

–          serving
utensils, for example, sugar tongs, ice tongs, pie servers and
serving ladles, and kitchen utensils, for example, mixing spoons,
pestles and mortars, nutcrackers and spatulas (Cl. 21);

–          fencing
weapons (Cl. 28).

CLASS 9

Scientific, research, navigation, surveying, photographic,
cinematographic, audiovisual, optical, weighing, measuring,
signalling, detecting, testing, inspecting, life-saving and
teaching apparatus and instruments;

apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching,
transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling the
distribution or use of electricity;

apparatus and instruments for recording, transmitting,
reproducing or processing sound, images or data;

recorded and downloadable media, computer software, blank
digital or analogue recording and storage media;

mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus;

cash registers, calculating devices;

computers and computer peripheral devices;

diving suits, divers’ masks, ear plugs for divers, nose clips
for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing apparatus for
underwater swimming;

fire-extinguishing apparatus.

Explanatory Note

Class 9 includes mainly apparatus and instruments for scientific
or research purposes, audiovisual and information technology
equipment, as well as safety and life-saving equipment.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
apparatus and instruments for scientific research in
laboratories;

–          training
apparatus and simulators, for example, resuscitation mannequins,
simulators for the steering and control of vehicles;

–         
apparatus and instruments for controlling and monitoring aircraft,
watercraft and unmanned vehicles, for example, navigational
instruments, transmitters, compasses for measuring, GPS apparatus,
automatic steering apparatus for vehicles;

–          safety
and security apparatus and instruments, for example, safety nets,
signalling lights, traffic-light apparatus, fire engines, sound
alarms, security tokens being encryption devices;

–          clothing
that protects against serious or life-threatening injuries, for
example, clothing for protection against accidents, irradiation and
fire, bullet-proof clothing, protective helmets, head guards for
sports, mouth guards for sports, protective suits for aviators,
knee-pads for workers;

–          optical
apparatus and instruments, for example, eyeglasses, contact lenses,
magnifying glasses, mirrors for inspecting work, peepholes;

–         
magnets;

–         
smartwatches, wearable activity trackers;

–         
joysticks for use with computers, other than for video games,
virtual reality headsets, smartglasses;

–          eyeglass
cases, cases for smartphones, cases especially made for
photographic apparatus and instruments;

–         
automated teller machines, invoicing machines, material testing
instruments and machines;

–         
batteries and chargers for electronic cigarettes;

–          electric
and electronic effects units for musical instruments;

–         
laboratory robots, teaching robots, security surveillance robots,
humanoid robots with artificial intelligence.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
joysticks being parts of machines, other than for game machines
(Cl. 7), vehicle joysticks (Cl. 12), joysticks for video
games, controllers for toys and game consoles (Cl. 28);

–         
coin-operated apparatus that are classified in various classes
according to their function or purpose, for example, coin-operated
washing machines (Cl. 7), coin‑operated billiard tables
(Cl. 28);

–         
industrial robots (Cl. 7), surgical robots (Cl. 10), toy
robots (Cl. 28);

–          pulse
meters, heart rate monitoring apparatus, body composition monitors
(Cl. 10);

–         
laboratory lamps, laboratory burners (Cl. 11);

–          diving
lights (Cl. 11);

–         
explosive fog signals, signal rocket flares (Cl. 13);

–         
histological sections for teaching purposes, biological samples for
use in microscopy as teaching materials (Cl. 16);

–          clothing
and equipment worn for the practice of certain sports, for example,
protective paddings being parts of sports suits, fencing masks,
boxing gloves (Cl. 28).

CLASS 10

Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and
instruments;

artificial limbs, eyes and teeth;

orthopaedic articles;

suture materials;

therapeutic and assistive devices adapted for persons with
disabilities;

massage apparatus;

apparatus, devices and articles for nursing infants;

sexual activity apparatus, devices and articles.

Explanatory Note

Class 10 includes mainly surgical, medical, dental and
veterinary apparatus, instruments and articles generally used for
the diagnosis, treatment or improvement of function or condition of
persons and animals.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          support
bandages, orthopaedic bandages;

–          special
clothing for medical purposes, for example, compression garments,
stockings for varices, strait jackets, orthopaedic footwear;

–         
articles, instruments and devices for menstruation, contraception
and childbirth, for example, menstrual cups, pessaries, condoms,
childbirth mattresses, forceps;

–         
therapeutic and prosthetic articles and devices for implantation
made of artificial or synthetic materials, for example, surgical
implants comprised of artificial materials, artificial breasts,
brain pacemakers, biodegradable bone fixation implants;

–         
furniture especially made for medical purposes, for example,
armchairs for medical or dental purposes, air mattresses for
medical purposes, operating tables.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          medical
dressings and absorbent sanitary articles, for example, plasters,
bandages and gauze for dressings, breast-nursing pads, diapers for
babies and for incontinence, tampons (Cl. 5);

–          surgical
implants comprised of living tissue (Cl. 5);

–         
tobacco-free cigarettes for medical purposes (Cl. 5) and
electronic cigarettes (Cl. 34);

–         
wheelchairs and mobility scooters (Cl. 12);

–          massage
tables and hospital beds (Cl. 20).

CLASS 11

Apparatus and installations for lighting, heating, cooling,
steam generating, cooking, drying, ventilating, water supply and
sanitary purposes.

Explanatory Note

Class 11 includes mainly environmental control apparatus and
installations, in particular, for the purposes of lighting,
cooking, cooling and sanitizing.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
air-conditioning apparatus and installations;

–          ovens,
other than for laboratory use, for example, dental ovens, microwave
ovens, bakers’ ovens;

–          stoves
being heating apparatus;

–          solar
thermal collectors;

–          chimney
flues, chimney blowers, hearths, domestic fireplaces;

–         
sterilizers, incinerators;

–          lighting
apparatus and installations, for example, luminous tubes for
lighting, searchlights, luminous house numbers, vehicle reflectors,
lights for vehicles;

–          lamps,
for example, electric lamps, gas lamps, laboratory lamps, oil
lamps, street lamps, safety lamps;

–          tanning
apparatus being sun beds;

–          bath
installations, bath fittings, bath plumbing fixtures;

–          toilets,
urinals;

–         
fountains, chocolate fountains;

–         
electrically heated pads, cushions and blankets, not for medical
purposes;

–          hot
water bottles;

–         
electrically heated clothing;

–          electric
appliances for making yogurt, bread-making machines, coffee
machines, ice-cream making machines;

–          ice
machines and apparatus.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          steam
producing apparatus being parts of machines (Cl. 7);

–          air
condensers (Cl. 7);

–          current
generators, generators of electricity (Cl. 7);

–         
soldering lamps (Cl. 7), optical lamps, darkroom lamps
(Cl. 9), lamps for medical purposes (Cl. 10);

–          ovens
for laboratory use (Cl. 9);

–         
photovoltaic cells (Cl. 9);

–         
signalling lights (Cl. 9);

–         
electrically heated pads, cushions and blankets, for medical
purposes (Cl. 10);

–          portable
baby baths (Cl. 21);

–         
non-electric portable coolers (Cl. 21);

–          cooking
utensils that do not have an integrated heat source, for example,
non-electric griddles and grills, non-electric waffle irons,
non-electric pressure cookers (Cl. 21);

–         
footmuffs, not electrically heated (Cl. 25).

CLASS 12

Vehicles;

apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.

Explanatory Note

Class 12 includes mainly vehicles and apparatus for the
transport of people or goods by land, air or water.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          motors
and engines for land vehicles;

–         
couplings and transmission components for land vehicles;

–          air
cushion vehicles;

–          remote
control vehicles, other than toys;

–          parts of
vehicles, for example, bumpers, windscreens, steering wheels, tyres
for vehicle wheels, as well as treads for vehicles.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          railway
material of metal (Cl. 6);

–          motors,
engines, couplings and transmission components, other than for land
vehicles (Cl. 7);

–          parts of
all kinds of motors and engines, for example, starters, mufflers
and cylinders for motors and engines (Cl. 7);

–          rubber
tracks being parts of crawlers on construction, mining,
agricultural and other heavy-duty machines (Cl. 7);

–         
tricycles for infants and scooters, being toys (Cl. 28);

–          certain
special vehicles or wheeled apparatus not for transportation
purposes, for example, self-propelled road sweeping machines
(Cl. 7), fire engines (Cl. 9), tea carts
(Cl. 20);

–          certain
parts of vehicles, for example, electric batteries, mileage
recorders and radios for vehicles (Cl. 9), lights for
automobiles and bicycles (Cl. 11), automobile carpets
(Cl. 27).

CLASS 13

Firearms;

ammunition and projectiles;

explosives;

fireworks.

Explanatory Note

Class 13 includes mainly firearms and pyrotechnic products.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          rescue
flares, explosive or pyrotechnic;

–          flare
pistols;

–          sprays
for personal defence purposes;

–         
explosive fog signals, signal rocket flares;

–          air
pistols being weapons;

–         
bandoliers for weapons;

–          sporting
firearms, hunting firearms.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          grease
for weapons (Cl. 4);

–          blades
being weapons (Cl. 8);

–          side
arms, other than firearms (Cl. 8);

–         
non-explosive fog signals, rescue laser signalling flares
(Cl. 9);

–         
telescopic sights for firearms (Cl. 9);

–          flaming
torches (Cl. 11);

–         
Christmas crackers (Cl. 28);

–         
percussion caps being toys (Cl. 28);

–          toy air
pistols (Cl. 28);

–          matches
(Cl. 34).

CLASS 14

Precious metals and their alloys;

jewellery, precious and semi-precious stones;

horological and chronometric instruments.

Explanatory Note

Class 14 includes mainly precious metals and certain goods made
of precious metals or coated therewith, as well as jewellery,
clocks and watches, and component parts therefor.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
jewellery, including imitation jewellery, for example, paste
jewellery;

–          cuff
links, tie pins, tie clips;

–          key
rings, key chains and charms therefor;

–         
jewellery charms;

–         
jewellery boxes;

–         
component parts for jewellery, clocks and watches, for example,
clasps and beads for jewellery, movements for clocks and watches,
clock hands, watch springs, watch crystals.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
smartwatches (Cl. 9);

–          charms,
other than for jewellery, key rings or key chains
(Cl. 26);

–          objects
of art not made of precious metals or coated therewith that are
classified according to the material of which they are made, for
example, works of art of metal (Cl. 6), of stone, concrete or
marble (Cl. 19), of wood, wax, plaster or plastic
(Cl. 20), of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or
glass (Cl. 21);

–          certain
goods made of precious metals or coated therewith that are
classified according to their function or purpose, for example,
metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating,
printing and art (Cl. 2), dental amalgams of gold
(Cl. 5), cutlery (Cl. 8), electric contacts (Cl. 9),
pen nibs of gold (Cl. 16), teapots (Cl. 21), gold
and silver embroidery (Cl. 26), cigar boxes (Cl. 34).

CLASS 15

Musical instruments;

music stands and stands for musical instruments;

conductors’ batons.

Explanatory Note

Class 15 includes mainly musical instruments, their parts and
their accessories.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
mechanical musical instruments and their accessories, for example,
barrel organs, mechanical pianos, intensity regulators for
mechanical pianos, robotic drums;

–          musical
boxes;

–         
electrical and electronic musical instruments;

–          strings,
reeds, pegs and pedals for musical instruments;

–          tuning
forks, tuning hammers;

–         
colophony (rosin) for stringed musical instruments.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
apparatus for the recording, transmission, amplification and
reproduction of sound, for example, electric and electronic effects
units for musical instruments, wah-wah pedals, audio interfaces,
audio mixers, equalisers being audio apparatus, subwoofers
(Cl. 9);

–         
downloadable music files (Cl. 9);

–         
downloadable electronic sheet music (Cl. 9), printed sheet
music (Cl. 16);

–          juke
boxes, musical (Cl. 9);

–         
metronomes (Cl. 9);

–          musical
greeting cards (Cl. 16).

CLASS 16

Paper and cardboard;

printed matter;

bookbinding material;

photographs;

stationery and office requisites, except furniture;

adhesives for stationery or household purposes;

drawing materials and materials for artists;

paintbrushes;

instructional and teaching materials;

plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and packaging;

printers’ type, printing blocks.

Explanatory Note

Class 16 includes mainly paper, cardboard and certain goods made
of those materials, as well as office requisites.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          paper
knives and paper cutters;

–          cases,
covers and devices for holding or securing paper, for example,
document files, money clips, holders for cheque books, paper-clips,
passport holders, scrapbooks;

–          certain
office machines, for example, typewriters, duplicators, franking
machines for office use, pencil sharpeners;

–          painting
articles for use by artists and interior and exterior painters, for
example, artists’ watercolour saucers, painters’ easels and
palettes, paint rollers and trays;

–          certain
disposable paper products, for example, bibs, handkerchiefs and
table linen of paper;

–          certain
goods made of paper or cardboard not otherwise classified by
function or purpose, for example, paper bags, envelopes and
containers for packaging, statues, figurines and works of art of
paper or cardboard, such as figurines of papier mâché, framed or
unframed lithographs, paintings and watercolours.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          paints
(Cl. 2);

–          hand
tools for artists, for example, spatulas, sculptors’ chisels
(Cl. 8);

–          teaching
apparatus, for example, audiovisual teaching apparatus,
resuscitation mannequins (Cl. 9), and toy models
(Cl. 28);

–          certain
goods made of paper or cardboard that are classified according to
their function or purpose, for example, photographic paper
(Cl. 1), abrasive paper (Cl. 3), paper blinds
(Cl. 20), table cups and plates of paper (Cl. 21), bed
linen of paper (Cl. 24), paper clothing (Cl. 25),
cigarette paper (Cl. 34).

CLASS 17

Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum,
asbestos, mica and substitutes for all these materials;

plastics and resins in extruded form for use in manufacture;

packing, stopping and insulating materials;

flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal.

Explanatory Note

Class 17 includes mainly electrical, thermal and acoustic
insulating materials and plastics for use in manufacture in the
form of sheets, blocks and rods, as well as certain goods made of
rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica or substitutes
therefor.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          rubber
material for recapping tyres;

–          floating
anti-pollution barriers;

–          adhesive
tapes, other than stationery and not for medical or household
purposes;

–          plastic
films, other than for wrapping and packaging, for example,
anti-dazzle films for windows;

–          elastic
threads and threads of rubber or plastic, not for textile use;

–          certain
goods made of the materials in this class not otherwise classified
by function or purpose, for example, foam supports for flower
arrangements, padding and stuffing materials of rubber or plastics,
rubber stoppers, shock-absorbing buffers of rubber, rubber bags or
envelopes for packaging.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          fire
hose (Cl. 9);

–          pipes
being parts of sanitary installations (Cl. 11) and rigid pipes
of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal (Cl. 19);

–         
insulating glass for building (Cl. 19);

–          certain
goods made of the materials in this class that are classified
according to their function or purpose, for example, gum resins
(Cl. 2), rubber for dental purposes (Cl. 5), asbestos
screens for firemen (Cl. 9), adhesive rubber patches for
repairing inner tubes (Cl. 12), rubber erasers
(Cl. 16).

CLASS 18

Leather and imitations of leather;

animal skins and hides;

luggage and carrying bags;

umbrellas and parasols;

walking sticks;

whips, harness and saddlery;

collars, leashes and clothing for animals.

Explanatory Note

Class 18 includes mainly leather, imitations of leather and
certain goods made of those materials.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          luggage
and carrying bags, for example, suitcases, trunks, travelling bags,
sling bags for carrying infants, school bags;

–          luggage
or baggage tags;

–          business
card cases and pocket wallets;

–          boxes
and cases of leather or leatherboard.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          walking
sticks or canes for medical purposes (Cl. 10);

–         
clothing, footwear and headwear of leather for human beings
(Cl. 25);

–          bags and
cases adapted to the product they are intended to contain, for
example, bags adapted for laptops (Cl. 9), bags and cases for
cameras and photographic equipment (Cl. 9), cases for musical
instruments (Cl. 15), golf bags with or without wheels, bags
especially designed for skis and surfboards (Cl. 28);

–          certain
goods made of leather, imitations of leather, animal skins and
hides that are classified according to their function or purpose,
for example, leather strops (Cl. 8), polishing leather
(Cl. 21), chamois leather for cleaning (Cl. 21), leather
belts for clothing (Cl. 25).

CLASS 19

Materials, not of metal, for building and construction;

rigid pipes, not of metal, for building;

asphalt, pitch, tar and bitumen;

transportable buildings, not of metal;

monuments, not of metal.

Explanatory Note

Class 19 includes mainly materials, not of metal, for building
and construction.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
semi-worked woods for use in building, for example, beams, planks,
panels;

–          wood
veneers;

–          building
glass, for example, glass tiles, insulating glass for building,
safety glass;

–          glass
granules for marking out roads;

–          granite,
marble, gravel;

–         
terra-cotta for use as a building material;

–          roofing,
not of metal, incorporating photovoltaic cells;

–         
gravestones and tombs, not of metal;

–          statues,
busts and works of art of stone, concrete or marble;

–          letter
boxes of masonry;

–         
geotextiles;

–          coatings
being building materials;

–         
scaffolding, not of metal;

–         
transportable buildings or structures, not of metal, for example,
aquaria, aviaries, flagpoles, porches, swimming pools.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          cement
preservatives, cement-waterproofing preparations (Cl. 1);

–         
fireproofing preparations (Cl. 1);

–          wood
preservatives (Cl. 2);

–          oils for
releasing form work for building (Cl. 4);

–          letter
boxes of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal or masonry
(Cl. 20);

–          statues,
busts and works of art of common metal (Cl. 6), of precious
metal (Cl. 14), of wood, wax, plaster or plastic
(Cl. 20), of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or
glass (Cl. 21);

–          certain
pipes, not of metal, not for building, for example, pipes being
parts of sanitary installations (Cl. 11), flexible pipes,
tubes and hoses, not of metal (Cl. 17);

–         
substances for insulating buildings against moisture
(Cl. 17);

–          glass
for vehicle windows (semi-finished product) (Cl. 21);

–         
birdcages (Cl. 21);

–          mats and
matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors
(Cl. 27);

–          unsawn
or undressed timber (Cl. 31).

CLASS 20

Furniture, mirrors, picture frames;

containers, not of metal, for storage or transport;

unworked or semi-worked bone, horn, whalebone or
mother-of-pearl;

shells;

meerschaum;

yellow amber.

Explanatory Note

Class 20 includes mainly furniture and parts therefor, as well
as certain goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn,
bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum
and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          metal
furniture, furniture for camping, gun racks, newspaper display
stands;

–          indoor
window blinds and shades;

–          bedding,
for example, mattresses, bed bases, pillows;

–          looking
glasses, furniture and toilet mirrors;

–         
registration plates, not of metal;

–          small
items of hardware, not of metal, for example, bolts, screws,
dowels, furniture casters, collars for fastening pipes;

–          letter
boxes, not of metal or masonry.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          special
furniture for laboratories (Cl. 9) or for medical use
(Cl. 10);

–          outdoor
blinds of metal (Cl. 6), not of metal and not of textile
(Cl. 19), of textile (Cl. 22);

–          bed
linen, eiderdowns and sleeping bags (Cl. 24);

–          certain
mirrors for specific uses, for example, mirrors used in optical
goods (Cl. 9), mirrors used in surgery or dentistry
(Cl. 10), rearview mirrors (Cl. 12), sighting mirrors for
guns (Cl. 13);

–          certain
goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory,
whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and
substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic, that are
classified according to their function or purpose, for example,
beads for making jewellery (Cl. 14), wooden floor boards
(Cl. 19), baskets for domestic use (Cl. 21), plastic cups
(Cl. 21), reed mats (Cl. 27).

CLASS 21

Household or kitchen utensils and containers;

cookware and tableware, except forks, knives and spoons;

combs and sponges;

brushes, except paintbrushes;

brush-making materials;

articles for cleaning purposes;

unworked or semi-worked glass, except building glass;

glassware, porcelain and earthenware.

Explanatory Note

Class 21 includes mainly small, hand-operated utensils and
apparatus for household and kitchen use, as well as cosmetic and
toilet utensils, glassware and certain goods made of porcelain,
ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or glass.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
household and kitchen utensils, for example, fly swatters,
clothes-pegs, mixing spoons, basting spoons and corkscrews, as well
as serving utensils, for example, sugar tongs, ice tongs, pie
servers and serving ladles;

–         
household, kitchen and cooking containers, for example, vases,
bottles, piggy banks, pails, cocktail shakers, cooking pots and
pans, and non-electric kettles and pressure cookers;

–          small
hand-operated kitchen apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or
crushing, for example, garlic presses, nutcrackers, pestles and
mortars;

–          dish
stands and decanter stands;

–          cosmetic
and toilet utensils, for example, electric and non-electric combs
and toothbrushes, dental floss, foam toe separators for use in
pedicures, powder puffs, fitted vanity cases;

–         
gardening articles, for example, gardening gloves, window-boxes,
watering cans and nozzles for watering hose;

–          indoor
aquaria, terrariums and vivariums.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          cleaning
preparations (Cl. 3);

–         
containers for storage and transport of goods, of metal
(Cl. 6), not of metal (Cl. 20);

–          small
apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or crushing, which are
driven by electricity (Cl. 7);

–          razors
and shaving apparatus, hair and nail clippers, electric and
non-electric implements for manicure and pedicure, for example,
manicure sets, emery boards, cuticle nippers (Cl. 8);

–          table
cutlery (Cl. 8) and hand-operated cutting tools for kitchen
use, for example, vegetable shredders, pizza cutters, cheese
slicers (Cl. 8);

–          lice
combs, tongue scrapers (Cl. 10);

–          cooking
utensils, electric (Cl. 11);

–          toilet
mirrors (Cl. 20);

–          certain
goods made of glass, porcelain and earthenware that are classified
according to their function or purpose, for example, porcelain for
dental prostheses (Cl. 5), spectacle lenses (Cl. 9),
glass wool for insulation (Cl. 17), earthenware tiles
(Cl. 19), building glass (Cl. 19), glass fibres for
textile use (Cl. 22).

CLASS 22

Ropes and string;

nets;

tents and tarpaulins;

awnings of textile or synthetic materials;

sails;

sacks for the transport and storage of materials in bulk;

padding, cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper,
cardboard, rubber or plastics;

raw fibrous textile materials and substitutes therefor.

Explanatory Note

Class 22 includes mainly canvas and other materials for making
sails, rope, padding, cushioning and stuffing materials and raw
fibrous textile materials.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          cords
and twines made of natural or artificial textile fibres, paper or
plastics;

–          fishing
nets, hammocks, rope ladders;

–          vehicle
covers, not fitted;

–          certain
sacks and bags not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for
example, mesh bags for washing laundry, body bags, mail bags;

–         
packaging bags of textile;

–          animal
fibres and raw textile fibres, for example, animal hair, cocoons,
jute, raw or treated wool, raw silk.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          metal
ropes (Cl. 6);

–          strings
for musical instruments (Cl. 15) and for sports rackets
(Cl. 28);

–          padding
and stuffing materials of paper or cardboard (Cl. 16), rubber
or plastics (Cl. 17);

–          certain
nets and bags that are classified according to their function or
purpose, for example, safety nets (Cl. 9), luggage nets for
vehicles (Cl. 12), garment bags for travel (Cl. 18), hair
nets (Cl. 26), golf bags (Cl. 28), nets for sports
(Cl. 28);

–         
packaging bags, not of textile, which are classified according to
the material of which they are made, for example, packaging bags of
paper or plastics (Cl. 16), of rubber (Cl. 17), of
leather (Cl. 18).

CLASS 23

Yarns and threads for textile use.

Explanatory Note

Class 23 includes mainly natural or synthetic yarns and threads
for textile use.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
fibreglass, elastic, rubber and plastic threads for textile
use;

–          threads
for embroidery, darning and sewing, including those of metal;

–          spun
silk, spun cotton, spun wool.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          certain
threads for specific uses, for example, identification threads for
electric wires (Cl. 9), surgical thread (Cl. 10), threads
of precious metal being jewellery (Cl. 14);

–          threads,
other than for textile use, that are classified according to the
material of which they are made, for example, threads for binding
of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal (Cl. 22), elastic
threads, threads of rubber or plastic (Cl. 17), fibreglass
threads (Cl. 21).

CLASS 24

Textiles and substitutes for textiles;

household linen;

curtains of textile or plastic.

Explanatory Note

Class 24 includes mainly fabrics and fabric covers for household
use.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
household linen, for example, bedspreads, pillow shams, towels of
textile;

–          bed
linen of paper;

–          sleeping
bags, sleeping bag liners;

–          mosquito
nets.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
electrically heated blankets, for medical purposes (Cl. 10)
and not for medical purposes (Cl. 11);

–          table
linen of paper (Cl. 16);

–          asbestos
safety curtains (Cl. 17), bamboo curtains and bead curtains
for decoration (Cl. 20);

–          horse
blankets (Cl. 18);

–          certain
textiles and fabrics for specific uses, for example, fabrics for
bookbinding (Cl. 16), insulating fabrics (Cl. 17),
geotextiles (Cl. 19).

CLASS 25

Clothing, footwear, headwear.

Explanatory Note

Class 25 includes mainly clothing, footwear and headwear for
human beings.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          parts of
clothing, footwear and headwear, for example, cuffs, pockets,
ready-made linings, heels and heelpieces, cap peaks, hat frames
(skeletons);

–          clothing
and footwear for sports, for example, ski gloves, sports singlets,
cyclists’ clothing, judo and karate uniforms, football shoes,
gymnastic shoes, ski boots;

–         
masquerade costumes;

–          paper
clothing, paper hats for use as clothing;

–          bibs,
not of paper;

–          pocket
squares;

–         
footmuffs, not electrically heated.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          small
items of hardware used in shoemaking, for example, shoe pegs and
shoe dowels of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal (Cl. 20),
as well as haberdashery accessories and fastenings for clothing,
footwear and headwear, for example, clasps, buckles, zippers,
ribbons, hatbands, hat and shoe trimmings (Cl. 26);

–          certain
clothing, footwear and headwear for special use, for example,
protective helmets, including for sports (Cl. 9), clothing for
protection against fire (Cl. 9), clothing especially for
operating rooms (Cl. 10), orthopaedic footwear (Cl. 10),
as well as clothing and footwear that are essential for the
practice of certain sports, for example, baseball gloves, boxing
gloves, ice skates, skating boots with skates attached
(Cl. 28);

–         
electrically heated clothing (Cl. 11);

–         
electrically heated footmuffs (Cl. 11), fitted footmuffs for
pushchairs and prams (Cl. 12);

–          bibs of
paper (Cl. 16);

–         
handkerchiefs of paper (Cl. 16) and of textile
(Cl. 24);

–          clothing
for animals (Cl. 18);

–          carnival
masks (Cl. 28);

–          dolls’
clothes (Cl. 28);

–          paper
party hats (Cl. 28).

CLASS 26

Lace, braid and embroidery, and haberdashery ribbons and
bows;

buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles;

artificial flowers;

hair decorations;

false hair.

Explanatory Note

Class 26 includes mainly dressmakers’ articles, natural or
synthetic hair for wear, and hair adornments, as well as small
decorative items intended to adorn a variety of objects, not
included in other classes.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          wigs,
toupees, false beards;

–         
barrettes, hair bands;

–          ribbons
and bows being haberdashery or used as hair decorations, made of
any material;

–          ribbons
and bows for gift wrapping, not of paper;

–          hair
nets;

–          buckles,
zippers;

–          charms,
other than for jewellery, key rings or key chains;

–         
artificial Christmas garlands and wreaths, including those
incorporating lights;

–          certain
articles for curling hair, for example, electric and non-electric
hair curlers, other than hand implements, hair curling pins, hair
curling paper.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          false
eyelashes (Cl. 3);

–          hooks
being small items of metal hardware (Cl. 6) or hardware, not
of metal (Cl. 20), curtain hooks (Cl. 20);

–          certain
special types of needles, for example, tattoo needles (Cl. 8),
needles for surveying compasses (Cl. 9), needles for medical
purposes (Cl. 10), needles for pumps for inflating balls for
games (Cl. 28);

–          hand
implements for curling hair, for example, curling tongs, eyelash
curlers (Cl. 8);

–          hair
prostheses (Cl. 10);

–         
jewellery charms, charms for key rings or key chains
(Cl. 14);

–          certain
ribbons and bows, for example, paper ribbons and bows, other than
haberdashery or hair decorations (Cl. 16), rhythmic gymnastics
ribbons (Cl. 28);

–          yarns
and threads for textile use (Cl. 23);

–         
Christmas trees of synthetic material (Cl. 28).

CLASS 27

Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials
for covering existing floors;

wall hangings, not of textile.

Explanatory Note

Class 27 includes mainly products intended to be added as
coverings to previously constructed floors and walls.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
automobile carpets;

–          mats
being floor coverings, for example, bath mats, door mats, gymnastic
mats, yoga mats;

–         
artificial turf;

–         
wallpaper, including textile wallpaper.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          floors,
floorings and floor tiles of metal (Cl. 6) and not of metal
(Cl. 19), wooden floor boards (Cl. 19);

–         
electrically heated carpets (Cl. 11);

–         
geotextiles (Cl. 19);

–          mats for
infant playpens (Cl. 20);

–          wall
hangings of textile (Cl. 24).

CLASS 28

Games, toys and playthings;

video game apparatus;

gymnastic and sporting articles;

decorations for Christmas trees.

Explanatory Note

Class 28 includes mainly toys, apparatus for playing games,
sports equipment, amusement and novelty items, as well as certain
articles for Christmas trees.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
amusement and game apparatus, including controllers therefor;

–          novelty
toys for playing jokes and for parties, for example, carnival
masks, paper party hats, confetti, party poppers and Christmas
crackers;

–          hunting
and fishing tackle, for example, fishing rods, landing nets for
anglers, decoys, hunting game calls;

–         
equipment for various sports and games.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
Christmas tree candles (Cl. 4), electric lights for Christmas
trees (Cl. 11), confectionery and chocolate decorations for
Christmas trees (Cl. 30);

–          diving
equipment (Cl. 9);

–          sex toys
and love dolls (Cl. 10);

–          clothing
for gymnastics and sports (Cl. 25);

–          certain
gymnastic and sporting articles, for example, protective helmets,
goggles and mouthguards for sports (Cl. 9), sporting firearms
(Cl. 13), gymnasium mats (Cl. 27), as well as certain
fishing and hunting equipment, for example, hunting knives,
harpoons (Cl. 8), hunting firearms (Cl. 13), fishing nets
(Cl. 22), that are classified according to other functions or
purposes.

CLASS 29

Meat, fish, poultry and game;

meat extracts;

preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables;

jellies, jams, compotes;

eggs;

milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and other milk products;

oils and fats for food.

Explanatory Note

Class 29 includes mainly foodstuffs of animal origin, as well as
vegetables and other horticultural comestible products which are
prepared or preserved for consumption.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          meat-,
fish-, fruit- or vegetable-based food;

–          edible
insects;

–          milk
beverages with milk predominating;

–          milk
substitutes, for example, almond milk, coconut milk, peanut milk,
rice milk, soya milk;

–         
preserved mushrooms;

–          pulses
and nuts prepared for human consumption;

–          seeds
prepared for human consumption, not being seasonings or
flavourings.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          oils and
fats, other than for food, for example, essential oils
(Cl. 3), industrial oil (Cl. 4), castor oil for medical
purposes (Cl. 5);

–          baby
food (Cl. 5);

–          dietetic
food and substances adapted for medical use (Cl. 5);

–          dietary
supplements (Cl. 5);

–          salad
dressings (Cl. 30);

–         
processed seeds for use as a seasoning (Cl. 30);

–         
chocolate-coated nuts (Cl. 30);

–          fresh
and unprocessed fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds
(Cl. 31);

–         
foodstuffs for animals (Cl. 31);

–          live
animals (Cl. 31);

–          seeds
for planting (Cl. 31).

CLASS 30

Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee;

rice, pasta and noodles;

tapioca and sago;

flour and preparations made from cereals;

bread, pastries and confectionery;

chocolate;

ice cream, sorbets and other edible ices;

sugar, honey, treacle;

yeast, baking-powder;

salt, seasonings, spices, preserved herbs;

vinegar, sauces and other condiments;

ice (frozen water).

Explanatory Note

Class 30 includes mainly foodstuffs of plant origin, except
fruits and vegetables, prepared or preserved for consumption, as
well as auxiliaries intended for the improvement of the flavour of
food.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base;

–          cereals
prepared for human consumption, for example, oat flakes, corn
chips, husked barley, bulgur, muesli;

–          pizza,
pies, sandwiches;

–         
chocolate-coated nuts;

–         
flavourings, other than essential oils, for food or beverages.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          salt for
industrial purposes (Cl. 1);

–          food or
beverage flavourings being essential oils (Cl. 3);

–         
medicinal teas and dietetic food and substances adapted for medical
use (Cl. 5);

–          baby
food (Cl. 5);

–          dietary
supplements (Cl. 5);

–          yeast
for pharmaceutical purposes (Cl. 5), yeast for animal
consumption (Cl. 31);

–          milk
beverages flavoured with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea
(Cl. 29);

–          soups,
bouillon (Cl. 29);

–          raw
cereals (Cl. 31);

–          fresh
herbs (Cl. 31);

–         
foodstuffs for animals (Cl. 31).

CLASS 31

Raw and unprocessed agricultural, aquacultural, horticultural
and forestry products;

raw and unprocessed grains and seeds;

fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs;

natural plants and flowers;

bulbs, seedlings and seeds for planting;

live animals;

foodstuffs and beverages for animals;

malt.

Explanatory Note

Class 31 includes mainly land and sea products not having been
subjected to any form of preparation for consumption, live animals
and plants, as well as foodstuffs for animals.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
unprocessed cereals;

–          fresh
fruits and vegetables, even after washing or waxing;

–          plant
residue;

–         
unprocessed algae;

–          unsawn
timber;

–         
fertilised eggs for hatching;

–          fresh
mushrooms and truffles;

–          litter
for animals, for example, aromatic sand, sanded paper for pets.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          cultures
of micro-organisms and leeches for medical purposes
(Cl. 5);

–          dietary
supplements for animals and medicated animal feed (Cl. 5);

–         
semi-worked woods (Cl. 19);

–         
artificial fishing bait (Cl. 28);

–          rice
(Cl. 30);

–          tobacco
(Cl. 34).

CLASS 32

Beers;

non-alcoholic beverages;

mineral and aerated waters;

fruit beverages and fruit juices;

syrups and other non-alcoholic preparations for making
beverages.

Explanatory Note

Class 32 includes mainly non-alcoholic beverages, as well as
beer.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
de-alcoholised beverages;

–          soft
drinks;

–         
rice-based and soya-based beverages, other than milk
substitutes;

–          energy
drinks, isotonic beverages, protein-enriched sports beverages;

–         
non-alcoholic essences and fruit extracts for making beverages.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
flavourings for beverages being essential oils (Cl. 3) or
other than essential oils (Cl. 30);

–          dietetic
beverages adapted for medical purposes (Cl. 5);

–          milk
beverages with milk predominating, milk shakes (Cl. 29);

–          milk
substitutes, for example, almond milk, coconut milk, peanut milk,
rice milk, soya milk (Cl. 29);

–          lemon
juice for culinary purposes, tomato juice for cooking
(Cl. 29);

–         
beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base
(Cl. 30);

–         
beverages for pets (Cl. 31);

–         
alcoholic beverages, except beer (Cl. 33).

CLASS 33

Alcoholic beverages, except beers;

alcoholic preparations for making beverages.

Explanatory Note

Class 33 includes mainly alcoholic beverages, essences and
extracts.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          wines,
fortified wines;

–         
alcoholic cider, perry;

–          spirits,
liqueurs;

–         
alcoholic essences, alcoholic fruit extracts, bitters.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
medicinal beverages (Cl. 5);

–         
de-alcoholised beverages (Cl. 32);

–          beers
(Cl. 32);

–         
non-alcoholic mixers used to make alcoholic beverages, for example,
soft drinks, soda water (Cl. 32).

CLASS 34

Tobacco and tobacco substitutes;

cigarettes and cigars;

electronic cigarettes and oral vaporizers for smokers;

smokers’ articles;

matches.

Explanatory Note

Class 34 includes mainly tobacco and articles used for smoking,
as well as certain accessories and containers related to their
use.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          tobacco
substitutes, not for medical purposes;

–         
flavourings, other than essential oils, for use in electronic
cigarettes, oral vaporizers for smokers;

–          herbs
for smoking;

–         
snuff;

–          certain
accessories and containers related to the use of tobacco and
articles for smoking, for example, lighters for smokers, ashtrays
for smokers, tobacco jars, snuff boxes, cigar humidors.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
tobacco-free cigarettes for medical purposes (Cl. 5);

–         
batteries and chargers for electronic cigarettes (Cl. 9);

–          ashtrays
for automobiles (Cl. 12).

S E R V I C E S

CLASS 35

Advertising;

business management, organization and administration;

office functions.

Explanatory Note

Class 35 includes mainly services rendered by persons or
organizations principally with the object of:

  1. help in the working or management of a commercial undertaking,
    or
  2. help in the management of the business affairs or commercial
    functions of an industrial or commercial enterprise,

as well as services rendered by advertising establishments
primarily undertaking communications to the public, declarations or
announcements by all means of diffusion and concerning all kinds of
goods or services.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          the
bringing together, for the benefit of others, of a variety of
goods, excluding the transport thereof, enabling customers to
conveniently view and purchase those goods;  such services may
be provided by retail stores, wholesale outlets, through vending
machines, mail order catalogues or by means of electronic media,
for example, through web sites or television shopping
programmes;

–         
advertising, marketing and promotional services, for example,
distribution of samples, development of advertising concepts,
writing and publication of publicity texts;

–          shop
window dressing;

–          public
relations services;

–         
production of teleshopping programmes;

–         
organization of trade fairs and exhibitions for commercial or
advertising purposes;

–          search
engine optimization for sales promotion;

–         
commercial assistance services, for example, personnel recruitment,
negotiation of business contracts for others, cost price analysis,
import-export agency services;

–         
administration services relating to business transactions and
financial records, for example, book-keeping, drawing up of
statements of accounts, business and financial auditing, business
appraisals, tax preparation and filing services;

–         
commercial administration of the licensing of the goods and
services of others;

–          services
consisting of the registration, transcription, composition,
compilation or systematization of written communications and
registrations, and also the compilation of mathematical or
statistical data;

–          office
functions, for example, appointment scheduling and reminder
services, data search in computer files for others, computerized
file management, telephone switchboard services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

 

–         
financial services, for example, financial analysis, financial
management, financial sponsorship (Cl. 36);

–          real
estate management (Cl. 36);

–          stock
brokerage services (Cl. 36);

–         
transportation logistics (Cl. 39);

–          energy
auditing (Cl. 42);

–          graphic
design of promotional materials (Cl. 42);

–          legal
services in relation to the negotiation of contracts for others
(Cl. 45);

–         
licensing of intellectual property, legal administration of
licences, copyright management (Cl. 45);

–         
registration of domain names (Cl. 45).

CLASS 36

Financial, monetary and banking services;

insurance services;

real estate affairs.

Explanatory Note

Class 36 includes mainly services relating to banking and other
financial transactions, financial valuation services, as well as
insurance and real estate activities.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
financial transaction and payment services, for example, exchanging
money, electronic funds transfer, processing of credit card and
debit card payments, issuance of travellers’ cheques;

–         
financial management and research;

–         
financial appraisals, for example, jewellery, art and real estate
appraisal, repair costs evaluation;

–          cheque
verification;

–         
financing and credit services, for example, loans, issuance of
credit cards, hire- or lease-purchase financing;

–         
crowdfunding;

–          safe
deposit services;

–         
financial sponsorship;

–          real
estate agency services, real estate management, rental of
apartments, rent collection;

–         
insurance underwriting, actuarial services;

–         
brokerage services, for example, securities, insurance and real
estate brokerage, brokerage of carbon credits, pawnbrokerage.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
administration services relating to business transactions and
financial records, for example, book-keeping, drawing up of
statements of accounts, business and financial auditing, business
appraisals, tax preparation and filing services (Cl. 35);

–         
sponsorship search, promotion of goods and services through
sponsorship of sports events (Cl. 35);

–          cash
replenishment of automated teller machines (Cl. 39);

–          freight
brokerage, transport brokerage (Cl. 39);

–          quality
evaluation of wool and standing timber (Cl. 42).

CLASS 37

Construction services;

installation and repair services;

mining extraction, oil and gas drilling.

Explanatory Note

Class 37 includes mainly services in the field of construction,
as well as services involving the restoration of objects to their
original condition or their preservation without altering their
physical or chemical properties.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
construction and demolition of buildings, roads, bridges, dams or
transmission lines, as well as services in the field of
construction, for example, interior and exterior painting,
plastering, plumbing, heating equipment installation, and
roofing;

–         
shipbuilding;

–          rental
of construction tools, machines and equipment, for example, rental
of bulldozers, rental of cranes;

–          various
repair services, for example, those in the fields of electricity,
computer hardware, furniture, instruments, tools;

–          various
restoration services, for example, building restoration, furniture
restoration and restoration of works of art;

–         
maintenance services for preserving an object in its original
condition without changing any of its properties;

–          cleaning
of different objects, for example, windows, vehicles, clothing, as
well as the laundering and pressing of clothing.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          physical
storage of goods (Cl. 39);

–         
transformation of an object or substance that involves a process of
change in its essential properties, for example, the cutting,
dyeing, fireproofing of cloth (Cl. 40), the casting, plating,
treating of metal (Cl. 40), custom tailoring, dressmaking,
embroidering (Cl. 40), food and drink preservation (Cl. 40);

–         
installation, maintenance and updating of computer software (Cl.
42), creation and hosting of web sites (Cl. 42);

–         
construction drafting and architectural services (Cl. 42).

CLASS 38

Telecommunications services.

Explanatory Note

Class 38 includes mainly services that allow at least one party
to communicate with another, as well as services for the
broadcasting and transmission of data.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
transmission of digital files and electronic mail;

–         
providing user access to global computer networks;

–          radio
and television broadcasting;

–         
video-on-demand transmission;

–         
providing internet chatrooms and online forums;

–         
telephone and voice mail services;

–         
teleconferencing and videoconferencing services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          radio
advertising (Cl. 35);

–         
telemarketing services (Cl. 35);

–          content
or subject matter that may be contained in the communication
activity, for example, downloadable image files (Cl. 9), providing
business information via a web site (Cl. 35), providing films and
television programmes, not downloadable, via video-on-demand
services (Cl. 41);

–          services
conducted using telecommunication connections, for example, online
retail services for downloadable digital music (Cl. 35), online
banking (Cl. 36);

–         
production of radio and television programmes (Cl. 41);

–         
telecommunications technology consultancy (Cl. 42);

–          online
social networking services (Cl. 45).

CLASS 39

Transport;

packaging and storage of goods;

travel arrangement.

Explanatory Note

Class 39 includes mainly services for the transport of people,
animals or goods from one place to another by rail, road, water,
air or pipeline and services necessarily connected with such
transport, as well as the storing of goods in any kind of storage
facility, warehouses or other types of building for their
preservation or guarding.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
operation of stations, bridges, railways, ferries and other
transport facilities;

–          rental
of vehicles for transportation, as well as chauffeuring and
piloting services;

–          rental
services related to transport, storage and travel, for example,
parking place rental, garage rental, rental of storage
containers;

–         
operation of maritime tugs, unloading, operation of ports and
docks, and salvaging of wrecked ships and their cargoes;

–         
packaging, bottling, wrapping and delivering of goods;

–         
replenishing vending machines and automated teller machines;

–          services
for providing information about journeys or the transport of goods
by brokers and tourist agencies, as well as for providing
information relating to tariffs, timetables and methods of
transport;

–         
inspection of vehicles or goods for the purpose of transport;

–         
distribution of energy and electricity, as well as distribution and
supply of water.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
advertising travel or transport (Cl. 35);

–         
insurance services during the transport of people or goods
(Cl. 36);

–         
maintenance and repair of vehicles or other items connected with
the transport of people or goods (Cl. 37);

–         
conducting guided tours (Cl. 41);

–         
electronic data storage (Cl. 42);

–         
reservation of hotel rooms or other temporary accommodation by
travel agents or brokers (Cl. 43).

CLASS 40

Treatment of materials;

recycling of waste and trash;

air purification and treatment of water;

printing services;

food and drink preservation.

Explanatory Note

Class 40 includes mainly services rendered by the mechanical or
chemical processing, transformation or production of objects or
inorganic or organic substances, including custom manufacturing
services.  For the purposes of classification, the production
or manufacturing of goods is considered a service only in cases
where it is effected for the account of another person to their
order and specification.  If the production or manufacturing
is not being performed to fulfil an order for goods which meet the
customer’s particular needs, requirements, or specifications, then
it is generally ancillary to the maker’s primary commercial
activity or goods in trade.  If the substance or object is
marketed to third parties by the person who processed, transformed
or produced it, then this would generally not be considered a
service.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
transformation of an object or substance and any process involving
a change in its essential properties, for example, dyeing a
garment;  such transformation services are also classified in
Class 40 if they are provided in the framework of repair or
maintenance work, for example, chromium plating of motor vehicle
bumpers;

–          services
of material treatment which may be present during the production of
any substance or object other than a building, for example,
services which involve cutting, shaping, polishing by abrasion or
metal coating;

–          joining
of materials, for example, soldering or welding;

–         
processing and treatment of foodstuffs, for example, fruit
crushing, flour milling, food and drink preservation, food smoking,
freezing of foods;

–          custom
manufacturing of goods to the order and specification of others
(bearing in mind that certain offices require that the goods
produced be indicated), for example, custom manufacturing of
automobiles;

–          services
of a dental technician;

–         
quilting, embroidering, custom tailoring, textile dyeing, applying
finishes to textiles.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          services
that do not entail a change in the essential properties of the
object or substance, for example, furniture maintenance or repair
services (Cl. 37);

–          services
in the field of construction, for example, painting and plastering
(Cl. 37);

–          cleaning
services, for example, laundering, window cleaning, cleaning of
interior and exterior surfaces of buildings (Cl. 37);

–         
rustproofing, for example, anti-rust treatment for vehicles (Cl.
37);

–          certain
customization services, for example, the custom painting of
automobiles (Cl. 37);

–         
decorating of food, food sculpting (Cl. 43).

CLASS 41

Education;

providing of training;

entertainment;

sporting and cultural activities.

Explanatory Note

Class 41 includes mainly services consisting of all forms of
education or training, services having the basic aim of the
entertainment, amusement or recreation of people, as well as the
presentation of works of visual art or literature to the public for
cultural or educational purposes.

This Class includes, in
particular:

 

–         
organization of exhibitions for cultural or educational purposes,
arranging and conducting of conferences, congresses and
symposiums;

–         
translation and language interpretation services;

–         
publication of books and texts, other than publicity texts;

–          news
reporters services, photographic reporting;

–         
photography;

–          film
direction and production services, other than for advertising
films;

–         
cultural, educational or entertainment services provided by
amusement parks, circuses, zoos, art galleries and museums;

–          sports
and fitness training services;

–          training
of animals;

–          online
gaming services;

–          gambling
services, organization of lotteries;

–          ticket
reservation and booking services for entertainment, educational and
sporting events;

–          certain
writing services, for example, screenplay writing, songwriting.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
organization of exhibitions for commercial or advertising purposes
(Cl. 35);

–          writing
and publication of publicity texts (Cl. 35);

–          news
agency services (Cl. 38);

–          radio
and television broadcasting (Cl. 38);

–         
videoconferencing services (Cl. 38);

–         
technical writing (Cl. 42);

–          day
nursery and crèche services (Cl. 43);

–          health
spa services (Cl. 44);

–          planning
and arranging wedding ceremonies (Cl. 45).

CLASS 42

Scientific and technological services and research and design
relating thereto;

industrial analysis, industrial research and industrial design
services;

quality control and authentication services;

design and development of computer hardware and software.

Explanatory Note

Class 42 includes mainly services provided by persons in
relation to the theoretical and practical aspects of complex fields
of activities, for example, scientific laboratory services,
engineering, computer programming, architectural services or
interior design.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          services
of engineers and scientists who undertake evaluations, estimates,
research and reports in the scientific and technological fields,
including technological consultancy;

–          computer
and technology services for securing computer data and personal and
financial information and for the detection of unauthorized access
to data and information, for example, computer virus protection
services, data encryption services, electronic monitoring of
personally identifying information to detect identity theft via the
internet;

–          software
as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS);

–         
scientific research services for medical purposes;

–         
architectural and urban planning services;

–          certain
design services, for example, industrial design, design of computer
software and systems, interior design, packaging design, graphic
arts design, dress designing;

–         
surveying;

–          oil, gas
and mining exploration services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          certain
research services, for example, business research (Cl. 35),
marketing research (Cl. 35), financial research (Cl. 36),
genealogical research (Cl. 45), legal research (Cl. 45);

–          business
auditing (Cl. 35);

–          computer
file management services (Cl. 35);

–         
financial evaluation services (Cl. 36);

–          mining
extraction, oil and gas drilling (Cl. 37);

–         
installation, maintenance and repair of computer hardware
(Cl. 37);

–          sound
engineering services (Cl. 41);

–          certain
design services, for example, landscape design (Cl. 44);

–          medical
and veterinary services (Cl. 44);

–          legal
services (Cl. 45).

CLASS 43

Services for providing food and drink;

temporary accommodation.

Explanatory Note

Class 43 includes mainly services provided in relation to the
preparation of food and drink for consumption, as well as services
for providing temporary accommodation.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–         
temporary accommodation reservations, for example, hotel
reservations;

–          boarding
for animals;

–          rental
of meeting rooms, tents and transportable buildings;

–         
retirement home services;

–         
day-nursery and crèche services;

–         
decorating of food, food sculpting;

–          rental
of cooking apparatus;

–          rental
of chairs, tables, table linen, glassware;

–          hookah
lounge services;

–          personal
chef services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          rental
services for real estate such as houses, flats, etc., for permanent
use (Cl. 36);

–         
arranging travel by tourist agencies (Cl. 39);

–         
preservation services for food and drink (Cl. 40);

–         
discotheque services (Cl. 41);

–          boarding
schools (Cl. 41);

–          rest and
convalescent homes (Cl. 44).

CLASS 44

Medical services;

veterinary services;

hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals;

agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry
services.

Explanatory Note

Class 44 includes mainly medical care, including alternative
medicine, hygienic and beauty care given by persons or
establishments to human beings and animals, as well as services
relating to the fields of agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture
and forestry.

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          hospital
services;

–         
telemedicine services;

–         
dentistry, optometry and mental health services;

–          medical
clinic services and medical analysis services for diagnostic and
treatment purposes provided by medical laboratories, such as x-ray
examinations and taking of blood samples;

–          therapy
services, for example, physiotherapy and speech therapy;

–          pharmacy
advice and preparation of prescriptions by pharmacists;

–          blood
bank and human tissue bank services;

–         
convalescent home and rest home services;

–          dietary
and nutritional advice;

–          health
spa services;

–         
artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization services;

–          animal
breeding;

–          animal
grooming;

–          body
piercing and tattooing;

–          services
relating to gardening, for example, plant nursery services,
landscape design, landscape gardening, lawn care;

–          services
relating to floral art, for example, flower arranging, wreath
making;

–          weed
killing, vermin and pest control for agriculture, aquaculture,
horticulture and forestry.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–          vermin
and pest control, other than for agriculture, aquaculture,
horticulture and forestry (Cl. 37);

–         
installation and repair services for irrigation devices
(Cl. 37);

–         
ambulance transport (Cl. 39);

–         
slaughtering of animals and taxidermy (Cl. 40);

–          timber
felling and processing (Cl. 40);

–          animal
training services (Cl. 41);

–          health
clubs for physical exercise (Cl. 41);

–         
scientific research services for medical purposes
(Cl. 42);

–          boarding
for animals (Cl. 43);

–         
retirement homes (Cl. 43);

–          funerary
undertaking (Cl. 45).

CLASS 45

Legal services;

security services for the physical protection of tangible
property and individuals;

personal and social services rendered by others to meet the
needs of individuals.

Explanatory Note

This Class includes, in
particular:

–          services
rendered by lawyers, legal assistants, and personal advocates, to
individuals, groups of individuals, organizations and
enterprises;

–         
investigation and surveillance services relating to the physical
safety of persons and security of tangible property;

–          services
provided to individuals in relation with social events, such as
social escort services, matrimonial agencies, funeral services.

This Class does not include, in
particular:

–         
professional services giving direct aid in the operations or
functions of a commercial undertaking (Cl. 35);

–          services
relating to financial or monetary affairs and services dealing with
insurance (Cl. 36);

–         
escorting of travellers (Cl. 39);

–          security
transport (Cl. 39);

–          services
consisting of all forms of education of persons (Cl. 41);

–         
performances of singers or dancers (Cl. 41);

–          computer
programming services for the protection of software
(Cl. 42);

–          computer
and internet security consultancy and data encryption services
(Cl. 42);

–          services
provided by others to give medical, hygienic or beauty care for
human beings or animals (Cl. 44);

–          certain
rental services (consult the Alphabetical List of Services and
General Remark (b) relating to the classification of services).

Conclusion:

Trade marks are good assets for individuals, groups and
businesses. A trade mark can be registered under any of the 45
available classes for trade marks. Registering a trade mark under
the correct classes gives a better protection and value. It is wise
to always engage the services of a lawyer in order to be advised on
the correct classes and the registerability of a mark.

My authorities, are:

  1. Sections 1, 2, 3, 16, 318 and 319 of the Constitution of
    Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999.
  2. Sections 1, 2, 5, 6 and 24 of Copyright Act, 1988.
  3. Section 1, 2, 3, 22 and 23 of the Trademark Act, 1967
  4. Section 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 20 of the Patent and
    Designs Act, 1971.
  5. WIPO, “Nice Classification” <https://www.wipo.int/classifications/nice/en/[1]>
  6. Sean Stonefield, “The 10 Most Valuable Trademarks” (Forbes, 15
    June 2011) <https://www.forbes.com/sites/seanstonefield/2011/06/15/the-10-most-valuable-trademarks/?sh=501cf59436b8[2]> accessed 9 March
    2021
  7. Onyekachi Umah, “Duration of Intellectual Properties In
    Nigeria” (com[3], 16 November 2020)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/duration-of-intellectual-properties-in-nigeria/[4]> accessed 9 March
    2021.
  8. Onyekachi Umah, “Registration of Trademarks In Nigeria”
    (com[5], 11 March 2016)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/registration-of-trade-marks/[6]> accessed 16 November
    2020.
  9. Onyekachi Umah, “Nigerian Businesses and the Need for
    Corporate, Copyrights, Trade Marks, Industrial Designs and Patents
    Registrations” (com[7], 19 July 2018)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Nigerian_Businesses_and_the_Need_for_Corporate_Copyrights_Trade_Marks_Industrial_Designs_and_Patents.pdf[8]
    > accessed 16 November 2020.
  10. Onyekachi Umah, “Copyright, Trademark, Industrial Designs &
    Patent Registration; Prospects For Lawyers In Nigeria” (com[9], 30 July 2018)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/copyright-trademark-industrial-designs-patent-registration-prospects-for-lawyers-in-nigeria-pdf/[10] > accessed 16
    November 2020
  11. Onyekachi Umah, “Duration of Copyrights In Nigeria” (com[11], 4 October 2018)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/daily-law-tips-by-onyekachi-umah-esq-tip-198-duration-of-copyrights-in-nigeria/[12] > accessed 16
    November 2020.
  12. Onyekachi Umah, “Every Work That Is Eligible For Copyright In
    Nigeria Is Conferred Copyright Even Without A Registration”
    (com[13], 6 September 2018)
    <https://learnnigerianlaws.com/daily-law-tips-by-onyekachi-umah-esq-tip-178-every-work-that-is-eligible-for-copyright-in-nigeria-is-conferred-copyright-even-without-a-registration/[14] > accessed 16
    November 2020

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